Term Paper: Improving the City of St

Pages: 8 (2971 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 8  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Transportation - Environmental Issues  ·  Buy for $19.77

Improving City of Saint John's_

VI .Conclusion

Allocation of land for building nature or wildlife reserves in cities that are still developing gives children in such neighborhoods an opportunity to become more conscious about their environment. They in the process appreciate the need for environmental conservation. Nature and wildlife reserves have both social and economic benefits to the residents of such cities. The benefits can be varied and does include creation of employment opportunities and source of revenue for city authorities to mention but a few. This paper seeks to illuminate the benefits the City of St. John's Newfoundland, Canada is likely to accrue when it puts in place nature and wildlife reserves.

Bolduc, M., Guha, M., Laurendeau, E., & Satienpoch, M. (2003). WPI -- London Borough of Merton Local Nature Reserves: An Interactive Qualifying Project Report. Worcester Polytechnic Institute.

This report by Bolduc, Guha, Laurendeau & Satienpoch (2003) was about local nature reserves found within London Borough of Merton. It was an interactive qualifying project report. This section covers utmost two pages. It outlines the benefit of having wildlife and nature reserves within the city of St. John's.

Eggleston, W. (1961). The Queen's Choice. Ottawa, Ontario: The National Capital Commission.

Eggleston (1961) uses the Greenbelt found within Ottawa, Toronto to list the benefits that a city can accrue from installing wildlife and nature reserves within its environs.

Gubbay, S. (1995). Marine Protected Areas-past, present and future. Conservation Biology Series, 5, 1-14.

The study by Gubbay (1995) that capture marine life within mangroves is used to show cities, especially City of St. John's, can benefit from nature and wildlife reserves.

Maller, C., Townsend, M., Pryor, a., Brown, P., & St. Ledger, L. (2006). Healthy nature healthy people: 'contact with nature' as an upstream health promotion intervention for populations. Health Promotion International, 21 (1), 45-54.

Maller, Townsend, Pryor, Brown, & St. Ledger (2006) illuminate the role nature plays in people's health. Maller et al. (2006) underscore social and economic benefits of wildlife and nature reserves to the lives of city residents.

Pearce, D.W. & Turner, R.K., (1990). Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. London: Harvester Wheatsheaf.

Pearce & Turner (1990) delve into how natural resources impact the environment. Their input is used to show how residents of city of St. John's, Newfoundland Canada can benefit both socially and economically from nature and wildlife reserves.

Mbaiwa, J.E. (2005). Wildlife resource utilization at Moremi Game Reserve and Khwai community area in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Journal of Environmental Management, 77(2), 144-156.

Mbaiwa (2005) shows how overlooking the local community's input in wildlife conservation can lead to human wildlife conflict. The study shows how involvement of the local community can make a nature reserve realize its full economic potential. The study is used to show how the residents of City of St. John can benefit both socially and economically from the nature and wildlife reserves.

Collier, a., & Brocx, B. (2004). Tourism Industry Management. Auckland: Pearson Educational

Collier & Brocx (2004) duel on how population data impact tourism. Their study is used to show it would not be economically viable to set up a wildlife reserve in a place that is cold and has a population of less than 200, 000 people.

Introduction

Katcher & Beck (1987) contend that there has been some remarkable disengagement of humans from their natural environment. This has been occasioned by an enormous shift of people from rural areas to the cities. This has made urban environment spontaneous, changeable, and historically unfamiliar. The consequences of human beings staying in close proximity with the animals and plants have not been documented. Studies point out that too much artificial stimulation and animal existence in human environment is likely to cause exhaustion and produce a loss of vitality and health. Modern society insulates people from outdoor environmental stimuli and regular contact with nature. Some studies have pointed out that human beings may not be fully adapted to urban existence. Majority of urban dwelling folks who might have since forgotten their connection with nature only connect to nature when they visit parks and public nature reserves. Therefore, the availability of nature reserves can be beneficial and counterproductive at the same time. Parks and nature reserves are used for different purposes. They can be used for conservation, recreation, and education (Katcher & Beck, 1987). This paper seeks to look into ways of improving the City of Saint John's, Newfoundland Canada. The improvement strategies will come from academic sources and studies done on different cities around the world that proved beneficial. The paper will specifically bring into perspective one city in Canada, one city in Europe, and a city in Japan. The type of improvement will be how St. John's Newfoundland Canada will benefit from having a nature reserve or wildlife reserve within its environs. The paper will also discuss other studies for other cities that have benefited by putting in place a nature reserve within the city's environs. The benefits will capture the social and financial aspects from tourism and such. The paper will finally discuss the difficulties and challenges of having a nature reserve in a city that has less than 200000 populations and a cold climate.

Bolduc, M., Guha, M., Laurendeau, E., & Satienpoch, M. (2003). WPI -- London Borough of Merton Local Nature Reserves: An Interactive Qualifying Project Report. Worcester Polytechnic Institute.

The City of St. John's Newfoundland, Canada stands to benefit a lot from its nature and wildlife reserves. According to Census statistics that were conducted in 2001, the population of Merton is approximately 187,908 people. Out of these, 49% are male and 51% female. The population of this town nearly equals that of City of Saint Johns Newfoundland Canada. Evidence available shows that the young tend to be less concerned when it comes to environmental issues as opposed to middle aged people especially those in their 40s and 50s. Bolduc, Guha, Laurendeau & Satienpoch (2003) assert that such individuals are more likely to sign a petition on environmental issues. Just like London Borough of Merton, City of Saint Johns Newfoundland stands to benefit a lot when they consider installing a nature reserve within the city vicinity. When the city puts in place a nature reserve, young city residents are more likely to become more concerned about the environment. This will increase their awareness about the natural world. Children who are taught about environmental conservation at an early age become more conscious about what they have learnt. When the city's school curriculum is promoted and enriched with opportunities to learn about environmental sciences, children are more likely to become aware of nature. This awareness can remain part of them up to the time they are older. When the city children engage in active learning and outdoor adventures they get introduced to environment. In the process, they get to understand, appreciate, awe, wonder, and respect it. This fosters sensitivity to the environment. The young city residents get to look at themselves in the global context. They become citizens who appreciate the need for nature conservation and sustainable development (Bolduc et al., 2003).

Nature reserves can be very beneficial to the city of Saint Johns Newfoundland because they help enhance the learning and teaching experience for students and teachers alike. Fieldtrips to nature reserves by students who study environmental education makes the learning experience more interactive. Through outdoor education, students get introduced to different methods of learning by moving away from traditional classroom-based setting to an open environment in the nature reserves. Such experiences make students more enthusiastic. They also gain hands-on experience that makes them learn better. Outdoor learning broaden students' perceptions and allow them to have an overall better understanding of concepts because of practical as opposed to theory-based teaching. Environmental education helps in developing a relationship between environmental perception and behavior. Through environmental education, the children residing within the City of Saint Johns become apt on environmental issues. This consequently makes them investigate their personal interests. The outdoor experience allows students to observe, understand, and experience their environment. By asking questions and digging into their curiosity the students become more independent learners (Bolduc et al., 2003).

Awareness on environmental issues helps in bettering the community and the Earth in general. Environmental awareness among the young and the old residents of the City improves the residents' quality of life and also improve the sense of community in Saint John's Newfoundland. Biodiversity is an important feature of a community. Different species of wildlife hold their special place within the ecosystem. However, man's obsession with building and developing the city poses a threat to the balance that normally exists within the ecosystem. Species who have power over others like man has to preserve nature at all costs because a detriment to nature is a detriment to man. Environmental sustainability is the lifeline of the future generations including Saint Johns. Having a nature reserve within this city offers a rare opportunity for the city residents to interact with nature especially those who… [END OF PREVIEW]

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