Research Paper: Improving Disease Surveillance in Developing Countries

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Improving Disease Surveillance in Developing Countries

The developing nation that I believe would benefit greatly from a refined disease surveillance system is India. Such a system would provide early warnings of outbreaks of diseases and consistently monitor their progress (WHO, 2006, p. 1). India's developmental situation is curious. Despite having overthrown the yoke of British colonization some time ago, there are still parts of the country where there are childhood prostitutes, children regularly eschew school to beg for money (No author, 2012), and preventable disease -- particularly tuberculosis is rampant. In fact, a 2012 publication from the World Health Organization maintains that "India and China together account for almost 40% of the world's TB cases) (WHO, 2012, p. 2). When examining all of the various aspects of economic prowess that China has in the contemporary market, it would be difficult to call that nation 'developing'. Thus, it is quite clear that India still has a significant amount of gains to be made by the full-fledged implementation of a disease surveillance system.

It is important to realize that in India, like in many other locations throughout the world in which there is a high incidence of tuberculosis, the primary form of combatting the spread of this disease is in reporting cases of it. Without reporting cases, it is virtually impossible to stop the tuberculosis from dominating a particular population. Therefore, it is all the more crucial to realize that India actually does have a form of monitoring system for this particular disease. Since at least 2011, health care officials in the country have made attempts to implement "new policy measures, including mandatory case notification by all care providers via an electronic web-based system" (WHO, 2012, p. 2) Thus, the country has made some strides to regularly report cases of tuberculosis. However, an examination of the research in this country regarding this specific issue certainly alludes to the fact that there can be improvements made to the current system which would enable the country to have state of the art disease surveillance system capabilities to truly make a difference.

The current monitoring procedures in India are substantial, yet not as advanced and as specific as they could be. The country has devoted a number of resources towards counteracting the noxious effects of this disease, including the National Tuberculosis Control Programme, as well as the DOTS TB control program. Moreover, it has enacted some specific measures to account for reporting instances of tuberculosis regardless of whether an individual's disease is identified and treated in the public and the private sector. There are a fair amount of tuberculosis cases that are identified by the National Tuberculosis Programme (NTP) of WHO. However, the trouble with the current reporting system in India and in other countries is that there are some individuals who do not rely on NTPs for reporting of this disease. Therefore, the current national surveillance system is not fully 'national', and requires augmentation from both the private… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Improving Disease Surveillance in Developing Countries.  (2013, August 4).  Retrieved December 5, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/improving-disease-surveillance-developing/2650339

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"Improving Disease Surveillance in Developing Countries."  Essaytown.com.  August 4, 2013.  Accessed December 5, 2019.
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