Indoor Air Quality Term Paper

Pages: 6 (2350 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 4  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Sports - Drugs

SAMPLE EXCERPT . . .
But public and private entities would benefit from smoke free environments. "The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency estimated that the economic benefits of most workplaces and public places going smoke-free would exceed the cost by $39 to $72 billion annually." (Barg)

Currently in the media, the city of Philadelphia has begun a study to see if they can completely outlaw smoking with in the boarders of the city. "Restricting cigarette smoking to outdoor areas is especially important because cigarette smoke contains many toxic pollutants. It is harmful to both smokers and nonsmokers." (Air Resources Board) The city is very serious about this as can be demonstrated by their bans on smoking in 2000 for many of the city's public places. "It exempts establishments whose primary business is selling alcohol, private clubs, retail tobacco stores, cigar cafes, conference rooms for private functions, workplaces covered by a collective bargaining agreement, and private residences. But it includes all other workplaces, including establishments whose primary business is serving food. In light of OSHA's estimate that close to a quarter of Americans working indoors are exposed to second-hand smoke in their workplace ... " (Barg) These types of legal policies against smoking in public places are a very effective way to reduce the threats of pollutants from smoking because exposure to tobacco smoke occurs almost entirely indoors.

Philadelphia was not the first body to incorporate smoking bans and these bans did not stop business as demonstrated in "Philadelphia Smoking Ban Long Overdue" by Jeffrey Barg:

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"Following the passage of smoke-free restaurant ordinances in California, Utah, Vermont, Los Angeles, San Francisco, New York City, Boulder, Flagstaff and Mesa (Arizona), there was an increase or no change in tourism in all but Flagstaff, where the rate of increase merely slowed.

Term Paper on Indoor Air Quality This Report Assignment

Restaurants and bars in California, New York, Massachusetts, Arizona, Colorado, West Lake Falls (a suburb of Austin, Texas), and North Carolina showed no decrease in sales after going smoke-free. Informal discussions with Philadelphia bars and restaurants that have gone smoke-free shows that the same is true here.

Bartenders who worked for as little as one month in smoke-free conditions after a California law banned smoking in their workplace reported a significant drop in coughing and other respiratory problems and showed improved lung function. Many bartenders would be similarly protected under Councilman Nutter's bill.

A survey of 2,000 smoke-free workplaces revealed that 60% of those surveyed saw a reduction in maintenance and cleaning costs following implementation of no smoking policies." (Barg)

Other Pollutants

The indoor air pollutants that fall under the heading of other pollutants include radon, mold, dust mites, pollen, carbon dioxide and organic gases. "The most effective way to protect your family and yourself from indoor air pollution is to prevent or minimize the release of pollutants indoors in the first place." (Air Resources Board) And, each of these pollutants has its own specific manner for reducing exposure to it. For example, in regard to radon, regular testing must first be conducted in order to get an appreciation for the levels of exposure present. Only higher level readings require drastic home repairs. "Fix your home if your radon level is 4 picocuries per liter (pCi/L) or higher. Radon levels less than 4 pCi/L still pose a risk, and in many cases may be reduced." (St. Louis Post)

In the case of carbon monoxide, it is crucial to keep gas appliances properly adjusted and use the correct fuels. For dust mites, mold and pollen, fans and other ventilation and regular cleaning work wonders. Proper storage takes care of many organic gas concerns. In other words, it is important to regularly clean and properly ventilate homes, schools and other establishments in order to reduce or eliminate indoor toxic pollutants.

Conclusion

In conclusion, this report discussed options for reducing or controlling pollutants in order to improve indoor air quality. This work focused on three major aspects of indoor air quality: poor ventilation, indoor smoking, and other indoor pollutants. We constantly hear about how polluted the outdoor world is because of external pollution such as the emissions from automobiles, water contaminants, basic garbage and of course the smoke stacks of industry. But it is important to become aware of the equally high levels of indoor pollutants. Because there is less information about the effects of indoor pollution, people are not aware of how important it is to reduce indoor pollutants in our homes, schools, restaurants, bars and other public places.

Works Cited

Air Resources Board. "Reducing Indoor Air Pollution - Indoor Air Pollution: A Serious Public Health Problem." California Air Resources Board May 2nd (2001). Retrieved on 28 Apr. 2005, from .

Barg, Jeffrey. "Philadelphia Smoking Ban Long Overdue." Physician's News Digest, Inc. May (2000). Retrieved on 28 Apr. 2005, from .

Second Hand Smoke is Dangerous. Ed. smoke-free.eire.org. 2/13/1997. smoke-free.eire.org. Retrieved on 28 Apr. 2005, from < http://smoke-free.eire.org/secondhand.htm>.

St. Louis Post. "Major Indoor Air Pollutants." St. Louis Post [St. Louis] 23 Sept. 2003, Five Star Late Lift, News: A4. Retrieved on 28 Apr. 2005, from . [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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