Inequality Is an Issue Term Paper

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In addition the postmodern city is not characterized by a single way of life, which makes it quite different from traditional cities. According to Brym postmodern cities contribute to inequality because they provide fewer and fewer public places available for people to come together to socialize. The author also explains that post modern cities have a negative impact on minority groups because of cultural norms that dictate certain types of socialization. In other words, within the context of the postmodern city, minority groups no longer have access to the resources (public spaces) through which their cultural identities thrive.

According to Allan & Turner (2000), in the context of sociology postmodernism is "a critical form of theorizing that is concerned with the unique problems that are associated with culture and subjectivity in late capitalist societies (365)." Postmodern cities call into question the manner in which cultural norms are affected when the traditional structure of a city changes. Many experts believe that the new structure contributes to inequality because various ethnic groups can no longer function in ways that are unique to their respective cultures. This leads to inequality in various areas of life.Buy full Download Microsoft Word File paper
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Term Paper on Inequality Is an Issue That Assignment

Another issue that reflects inequality in society is private communities. Private communities are those neighborhoods or developments. Private communities are characterized by controlled access and accommodations that are greater than those of many people who live outside of the private community. In many cases private communities are divided along racial and socio-economic lines. Some private communities may be diverse racially, but only those with high income levels live in the private community. As with other social structures that perpetuate inequality, private communities are often designed to ensure that the wealthy have access to communities where crime and noise are under control. This is the case even when the surrounding city is riddled with crime. By limiting access to the private community, only those who are viewed as acceptable are able to enter. These private communities are not only neighborhoods where people own homes. Instead they encompass entire communities that have the best school systems, the cleanest grocery stores, the best hospitals and the best access to public services. Such neighborhoods aid in perpetuating the idea that children living in a private community is somehow more important and as such they should have access to better schools and health care.

An article published in American Anthropology reiterates the idea that private communities are designed to exclude groups that are viewed as undesirable. The article explains " middle-class and upper-middleclass urban and suburban neighborhoods exhibit an increasing pattern of building fences, cutting off relationships with neighbors, and moving out in response to problems and conflicts. At the same time: "Government has expanded its regulatory role.... Zoning laws, local police departments, ordinances about dogs, quiet laws, laws against domestic and interpersonal violence, all provide new forms of regulation of family and neighborhood life" (1993:87)...Thus, residential segregation created by prejudice and socioeconomic disparities is reinforced by planning practices and policing, implemented by zoning laws and regulations, and subsidized by businesses and banks (Low, 2001, 47).

In other words the development of private communities is encourage and even supported by local government and businesses as a result of various regulatory practices.

Conclusion

The purpose of this discussion was to examine the various facets of inequality as it pertains to urbanism, gentrification, lack of presence in advertisements, private communities and so forth. The research sought to answer the question: In what ways are inequality perpetuated in society? The results of the research demonstrate that those who are in positions of power use various tactics to remain in power and even enhance their power.

These tactics include exclusionary advertisement, gentrification, the development of postmodern cities and private communities. All of these tactics have the most detrimental effect on minorities, women and the elderly as it pertains to inequality. The research seems to suggests that issues of inequality will continue to persist for years to come because those who are in positions of power want to remain in power.

Works Cited

Allan K., Turner J.H. (Autumn, 2000)A Formalization of Postmodern Theory. Sociological Perspectives, Vol. 43, No. 3, pp. 363-385

Brym R.J. (2008). New Society. Toronto: Thomas Nelson.

Freeman, Lance (2006) There Goes the 'hood: Views of gentrification from the Ground Pennsylvania: Temple University Press.

Gentrification." Retrieved January 24, 2009 from; http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/gentrification

Low, S.M. (2001). The Edge and the Center: Gated Communities and the Discourse of Urban… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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