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Infection Control ImportanceResearch Paper

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¶ … Infection Control

The preventive measures should be practiced by the nurse staff in order to ensure that the quality services are provided to the patients by means of eradicating the transmittal of microorganisms and infections that cause diseases. The threats prevail to the patients who already lack the immunity towards the hazardous microbes and it becomes important for the nurses to become accustomed with the infection control practices by means of hand-hygiene while attending patients and switching their activities to other patients. The utilization of these practices in the healthcare centers by the proactive behavior of nurses will result in lower morbidity and mortality rates.

Contents

Introduction

Strategic Initiative of Study

Purpose of Study

Literature Review

Practical Implications

Recommendation and Conclusion

REFERENCES

Introduction

The increasing level of bio-hazards by means of microorganisms being resistant towards the medical practices has increased the prominence to take adequate preventive measures so that the wide-spread of infections can be controlled at the health care services. The standard measures with respect to the hand hygiene have been adopted and it has been ensured that standard methods are practiced accordingly by the nurse' staff in order to minimize the transmission of infections in the intensive-care-unit (ICU).

Strategic Initiative of Study

The patients that prevail in the intensive-care-unit possess the compromised immunity system in which there exists the large possibility to captivate the nosocomial infections and the health care service providers and infection-control nurses are responsible to decrease the extent to which nosocomial-infections are transmitted. The infections transmit when they become in contact with hands and can be inhaled and thus can be carried through the nurses to the immunity-compromised patients in ICU. Therefore, the standardized preventive measures are required to ensure that the patients are provided with a better hygienic environment with proper work maintenance and responsibility of nurses. The data was collected from the staff of intensive-care-units (ICU) in the form of questionnaire in which the nurses were asked about the extent in which they presume the importance of maintaining hygiene and the aspects they follow in order to carry out the hygienic practices proactively. The leadership skills of the nurses were examined in order to identify the extent to which nurses can manage the healthcare activities and can add value in the health care services that they provide to the patients.

Purpose of Study

The preventive measure of hand-hygiene from the nurse-staff is considered to be necessary for the reduction of the transmittal of infectious bacteria and microorganisms. The infectious microbes are not only found at the unhygienic places but at health care services patients tend to carry around a number of infections and if the transmittal of these infections occurs then the health of hospital staff is threatened and, if the transmittal occurs among the patients then the patients encountered with any prior disease lack the immunity to inhibit the infection. Thus, these patients become infected which ultimately increases the extremeness of disease, morbidity rate and mortality rate (Wenzel, 1970).

Therefore, the role of nurses is required to proactively manage the healthcare activities and resolve issues that generate at the hospitals. The role of nurses with respect to infection control will add the complimentary effects in the services they provide and will ensure the quality of work. The nurses are responsible to solve the problems that occur at the health centers and should be adept at the operational and management skills so that the effective and efficient work processes can be done and therefore, the preventive measures such as hand hygiene is adopted in order to ensure the eradication of transmittal of infectious microorganisms at health centers specifically in the intensive-care-units because the patients in ICU are not immune enough to dominate the transmitted infections. Moreover, the proper management is necessary to monitor that the hand hygiene practices are being adopted in the proper manner. The nurse' staff could be neglecting some aspects or followed procedure of hand hygiene while performing such activities that may cause the transmittal of infections, therefore, proper management to control the quality of work with respect to hygiene is required and the nurse staff should be trained with respect to proactive practices in order to take care of the hygienic measures. In this way, the health care organizations or hospitals can meet their objective of providing better recovering environment for patients and can minimize the spread of infections.

Literature Review

The maintenance and continuous practice of hand-hygiene is the most easiest and cost effective measure to prevent the transmission of pathogens from one patient to another patient but this practice is not found to be practiced continuously by the hospital-workers and is often neglected due to the urgency of health treatment procedures and it was indicated empirically that with the utilization of hand sanitizers, adequate training and monitoring of healthcare staff resulted in the enhanced hand hygiene practices and ensured safety for patients (Pittet, 2001). However, the study conducted by Pittet et al., (2006) incorporates that the implication of hand hygiene in ICU and clinical practices is necessary but the transmission of harmful microbes occurs from the direct contact with patients and from the environment and the study provided empirical evidence that the transmission of harmful bacteria was at the less extent when the hands were washed with the alcoholic hand-washer than the plain soap. Tschudin-Sutter, Pargger and Widmer (2010) infers that the infections that are transmitted at healthcare centers effect nearly 1.4million patients all across the world and, the microbes have become resistant to the antibacterial treatment and thus their transmittal in hospitals is considered to be hazardous. Therefore, the hand hygiene measures are required to be followed strictly by the nursing staff in order to decrease the level of transmittal of harmful pathogens. The study conducted by Blot Vandewoude and Colardyn (2000) suggests that the hand hygiene takes 120 seconds to be effective and due to the urgent activities that takes place in ICU, the hand hygiene is neglected while conducting most of the activities related to patients' contact and hence, the usage of antiseptic in the hand hygiene process is required to minimize the time required for the washing of hands and to increase the number of microbes to be eradicated with it as well the utilization of surgical-masks is necessary to avoid the hand-nose contact so that the hazardous pathogens cannot be transmitted.

Practical Implications

The hand hygiene practices are implied to sustain the better hygienic conditions in the health care centers followed by the healthcare workers and, on the basis of the evidence-based researches, the measure of hand hygiene can be modified with the hand sanitizers and alcohol-hand-wipes or hand-rubs rather than hand-soaps to ensure the maximum output of hygiene. However, the process of hand sanitization is found to be neglected by the ICU staff and it is required to educate the hospital and ICU staff and increase their knowledge about the importance of maintaining hand hygiene by briefing them the concept of the transmission of pathogens and its effects in order to make sure that the staff understands the importance of this practice. Moreover, the hand hygiene practice of staff should be audited and monitored by the management to ensure the consistency of the preventive measures and the staff should be prompted to wear face-mask so that the inhaled microbes cannot get in contact with hands. The current analysis of prior studies has given empirical evidence towards the benefits of hand hygiene practices and the information learned from this analysis has enlightened the significance of maintaining the hygiene so that the transmission of harmful microbes can be reduced and the mortality and morbidity rate due to transmittal of infections in healthcare centers can be eradicated. The analysis conducted with respect to the infection control i.e. hand hygiene emphasizes on the nurses' role in which the nurses should be provided with the adequate knowledge about the significance of hand hygiene practices to ensure a better health quality provided to the patients. In this way, when healthcare staff will know about the significance of hand hygiene then they will proactively perform these practices.

Recommendation and Conclusion

In accordance with the analysis it has been recommended that the healthcare management at the hospitals should provide healthcare staff with the effective hand sanitizers and alcoholic hand-rubs. The nurse staff should be provided with the adequate knowledge about the maintenance of hand-hygiene and its effects on patients' health and the healthcare staff should be monitored continuously to ensure that hand hygiene practices are followed persistently. The analysis concludes that the maintenance of hand hygiene practices by the nurse staff is a cost effective method which has also proven to be beneficial and productive for the healthcare activities in order to refrain the transmission of infectious microorganisms.

REFERENCES

Blot, S., Vandewoude, K., & Colardyn, F. (2000). Hand hygiene in the ICU. CHEST Journal, 117(3), 919-920.

Pittet, D., Allegranzi, B., Sax, H., Dharan, S., Pessoa-Silva, C.L., Donaldson, L., & Boyce, J.M. (2006). Evidence-based model for hand transmission… [END OF PREVIEW]

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