Innovations and Inventions Research Paper

Pages: 4 (1278 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 10  ·  File: .docx  ·  Topic: Sports - Drugs

Innovations and Inventions

Aspirin

Aspirin (also known as acetylsalicylic acid) is probably one of the best-know drugs of the recent century, considering that most people living in the late nineteenth, twentieth, or early twenty-first century have tried it at least once in their lifetime. Its therapeutic effects have assisted people ever since the nineteenth century and the contemporary society considers the drug one of its most important assets. Whether taking one as a result of a headache, in order to alleviate muscle soreness, or with the purpose of avoiding a hangover, one is likely to appreciate the substance's beneficial effects. In spite of the fact that it is one of the most basic pain reliever in the history of mankind, aspirin is most likley to preceed the doctor in a situation when someone experiences pain.Buy full Download Microsoft Word File paper
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Research Paper on Innovations and Inventions Assignment

It would be inccorect for someone to claim that they know exactly who invented aspirin. The drug (as it is presently known) came to be invented through a series of medical advancements and collaborations. Its history goes back to the fifth century B.C. when one of the fathers of medicine, Hippocrates, described how one could use the bark or the leaves of willow trees in order to lessen pain and fever. The bark and the leaves of willow trees were effective in treating pain because they contained a substance named salicin, one of the principal ingredients of modern-day aspirin (Cohen). It was not until the nineteenth century that a series of chemists united in trying to extract salicin, transform it into salicylic acid, and decontaminate it in order for people to be able to consume it. French Researcher Charles Frederic Gerhardt managed to counteract some of its negative effects in 1853, but stopped before discovering aspirin in its true form. Later on, in 1897, one of the workers at Bayer discovered Gerhardt's studies and continued to experiment until he came to combine acetylating salicylic acid with acetic acid and eventually created acetylsalicylic acid -- aspirin (Aspirin). This substance was much more effective in this form because it was mild (salicin or salicylic acid was tough on the stomachs of those who used it) and because it did not appear to have a negative effect on its users. Even though he played an essential role in the invention of aspirin, Gerhardt never got any of the profits because he failed where others suceeded. Because he worked at Bayer, Felix Hoffman, the reputed inventor of aspirin, patented the drug and got actively engaged in marketing it to the world. Aspirin was the strong and comfortable pain reliever that a modern society was in desperate need of (Haven, 124).

Considering Bayer's success in selling aspirin, one might actually consider the substance emblematic for the company's early years. Early reactions even described the drug as being one of the greatest wonders that the medical world will ever generate. "The inspiration and drive to produce aspirin can be explained in terms of a medico-industrial relationship in which the pharmaceutical companies supplied products that interested the doctors, and the doctors, in turn, maintained an active interest in what the pharmaceutical companies had to offer" (Andermann & Cantab). Many of Aspirin's early promoters considered the drug to be one of the first perfect substances and condemned anyone who claimed that the substance had adverse reactions. In spite of their insistencies, however, the world gradually understood Aspirin for what it was -- a remedy for pain or fever (Andermann & Cantab).

As society saw more and more medical advances, Aspirin started to be used in a series of other situations that had little or nothing to do with the initial purposes for which it was created. People understood that fever was not actually a disease and that it was a mere symptom, thus meaning that it was useless for them to try… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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