Research Paper: Insurance Healthcare

Pages: 8 (2587 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 8  ·  Level: College Junior  ·  Topic: Healthcare  ·  Buy This Paper

Health Care System

United States Health Care System

An increase in the concentration of the health care costs and quality assurances within the context of the health reforms continue to shift the attention of the federal and state governments towards the potential health information technology. This project seeks to enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of the health care programs as well as reduction of the health care costs (Lucas Jr. et al., 2013). The states and federal governments also focus on the improvement of quality and safety of the medical provision programs. This research exercise focuses on the examination of the concept of health information technology. This is through evaluation of the major issues or problems related to the program within the health care sector. The exercise will also offer a brief history of the problem as well as a comparison of the problem in the United States to that of other countries. Another concept of this study relates to the examination of the role of the major stakeholders in the issue as they pursue the reduction of health care costs. It is also essential to evaluate the policies in place towards the achievement of the goals and objectives of health information technology as well as provision of critical recommendations with the aim of enhancing the effectiveness and efficiency of the concept.

Statement of the Problem

Healthcare Information Technology or the health it relates to the utilization of the electronic environment with the aim of exchanging health information. It is one of the tools implemented by the federal and state governments with the view of increasing efficiency of the health care programs while lowering down the cost of health care services and products for the satisfaction of the needs of the patients. Computerization of the healthcare sector is one of the major objectives of the current government of the United States as it seeks to reduce the cost of health care thus making it affordable to all citizens (Cline & Luiz, 2013). Effective and efficient implementation of the health information technology is one of the major ways through which governors and relevant states can transform and improve care coordination, better the safety of the patients, reduce or minimize redundant test, and contribute to the better health of the citizens.

There are various issues in relation to health information technology thus hindering its utilization towards the achievement of reduced health care costs. These issues are essential in the contribution to the market failure following implantation of the health information technology. The first issue relates to restrictions by the federal government on the transactions of the health information technology. For instance, implementation of the federal anti-kickback regulations meant to minimize fraud and abuse within the health care system prevents subsidization of the acquisition of the health information technology by poor physicians. Another critical issue is the aspect of the privacy and security in relation to the information about the patients (Rajagopal, 2013). Health information technology focuses on transacting and sharing information between patients and healthcare service providers over technology or computerization as the medium of sharing this information. Health information technology minimizes autonomy and privacy of the patients' information through the sharing of the information across the common platform of computerization. This information might land in the hands of malicious people and affect the privacy, security, and autonomy of the patients as they seek the lowered health care costs. Other critical issues include

Changing habits of patients with reference to the health care requiring more responsibility and involvement tough hurdle

The amount of data and length of time data as applicable in the case of the HITECH Act and Data Retention Laws threatening to quickly exceed the current storage capacity

Data encryption, ownership, and compliance with the acts under the influence of the cloud hence the entire security issues

Challenge of wireless networking for the adoption of telemedicine

Lack of effective and efficient training for the workforce for the maximization of technology in addressing the needs and safety of the patients

Overreliance on technology hence inadequate operations by the workforce of the health care service providers when the technological systems are down

History of the Problem

The United States sought to address key problems in relation to the paper records applicable between the 1960s and 1990s such as incomplete, illegible, and inaccessible or available information. In the 1960s, the federal government utilized COSTAR (Computer Stored Ambulatory Record) at the Massachusetts. In the process, there was the development of computer language with the aim of achieving accessibility of information to clinicians, address financial and administrative needs, and user inquiries. COSTAR had five critical features such as data dictionary, query-able database, integrated administrative, financial, and clinical data, user configuration, and structured encounter form for data capture. COSTAR expanded to other sites following its development hence applicable in the modern category (Christensen & Remler, 2009).

The Medical Record was developed at Duke in the 1970s previously developed as obstetric history taking program. This development expanded to other departments and functions. The Medical Record (TMR) has five critical features in the form of modular design, problem oriented, multiple input modes, user configuration, and data definition dictionaries. There was also the implementation of the Regenstrief Medical Record System (RMRS1'1) developed in the 1970s in the context of the Regenstrief Medical Institute. The concept was also expanded to other outpatients and inpatient units with the aim of capturing data and automated reminders in making clinical decision support. Since its introduction in 1974, the program was vital in reducing the cost of health care while enhancing the outcome of health care activities.

The system integrates administrative and financial functions hence still applicable in the modern context. Another critical development in relation to health information technology is the development of the Personal Health Records (PHRs). This is vital to enable individuals collect, manage, view, and share valuable health information over an electronic medium. Currently, the United State's health sector has more than 200 PHR products for the reduction of the cost of health care services and products. The United States has also made advance developments in relation to the implementation of the Electronic Medical Records (EMRs). Unlike the case of the PHRs which are owned and utilized by patients, EMRs store health information at the hospital or delivery organization level. Another essential development is the implementation of the Electronic Health Record (EHRs) with similar structures to the EMRs (Christensen & Remler, 2009). This technological system has the ability to enhance sharing of information and data across various providers and institutions. They are more focused on the patients unlike in the case of the EMRs. The concept of HITECH as implemented in 2009 focuses on the achievement of increased transparency, improved health outcomes, improved care delivery, and ability to study health care.

International Context

Health Information Technology is a global concept with a view of reducing the cost of health care services as well as the effectiveness and efficiency of the process. It is also essential to note the overall influence of the it towards the achievement quality health programs. According to the survey executed by the Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy in 2009, the United States doctors are far less likely to implement health information technology with the aim of reducing errors and improve care as compared to other nations. This is an indication of lack of sufficient workforce as a critical issue affecting the operations of the health information technology. This issue was compared against nations such as New Zealand, Sweden, Norway, United Kingdom, Germany, France, Canada, Australia, Netherlands, and Italy.

The issues facing the United States in relation to health information technology are common in other nations as well (Escobedo et al., 2012). These issues include privacy and security issues with reference to the information relating to the patients and treatment aspects. This relates to the issue in which the information in relation to the treatment and personal aspects of the patients landing in the hands of malicious people. There is the concept of violation of privacy and autonomy of the patients as the workforce of the service providers have the accessibility of the information relating to the patients and mode treatment. Another issue that is common across the globe is the concept of over-reliance on technology thus inability to execute the duties effectively and efficiently in case of breakdown in the technological systems. This is vital towards realization of the goals and objectives of the health sectors in the diverse nations with the aim of reducing the cost of healthcare services and products.

Stakeholders

Governors, legislators, and relevant policy makers have been the major stakeholders and driving force towards the implementation of the health information technology for the past several decades. Other stakeholders for the realization of the goals of this project within the healthcare sector include health care consumers, health care industry, and federal government. Federal and state governments execute various roles towards the achievement of the goals of the health information technology. This is through… [END OF PREVIEW]

Four Different Ordering Options:

?
Which Option Should I Choose?

1.  Buy the full, 8-page paper:  $26.88

or

2.  Buy & remove for 30 days:  $38.47

or

3.  Access all 175,000+ papers:  $41.97/mo

(Already a member?  Click to download the paper!)

or

4.  Let us write a NEW paper for you!

Ask Us to Write a New Paper
Most popular!

Health Care System Essay


Healthcare Reform Lowering Costs in Health Care Essay


Health Care Reform Has Been a Hot Research Paper


Healthcare Right or Privilege Research Paper


Healthcare Reform History of Socialized Medicine American Term Paper


View 1,000+ other related papers  >>

Cite This Research Paper:

APA Format

Insurance Healthcare.  (2013, July 12).  Retrieved April 19, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/insurance-healthcare/8836130

MLA Format

"Insurance Healthcare."  12 July 2013.  Web.  19 April 2019. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/insurance-healthcare/8836130>.

Chicago Format

"Insurance Healthcare."  Essaytown.com.  July 12, 2013.  Accessed April 19, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/insurance-healthcare/8836130.