Integumentary Skeletal System Term Paper

Pages: 3 (1028 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 1  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Anatomy

¶ … Nervous Systems

The central nervous system is composed of the spinal cord and the brain. Along with these specific structures, the central nervous system also encompasses the neural tissue, blood vessels, and the connective tissue that surround these structures for protection (Martini, Nath, & Bartholomew, 375). It is the job of the central nervous system to integrate, process, and coordinate sensory data into motor commands. The central nervous system receives the information that the body needs in order to execute a motor movement, and then signals are sent out commanding the body to perform these specific movements (Martini, Nath, & Bartholomew, 375). The sensory data received can be in relation to conditions on the outside or the inside of the body. The control of muscles is regulated by the central nervous system in order to react to situations where the human body can be in danger. For example, if a person steps on a tack that hurts the foot, a person's natural reflex would be to remove the foot immediately from the source of pain. It is the central nervous system that sends the signals to the brain that make the body move the foot away from the tack.Buy full Download Microsoft Word File paper
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Term Paper on Integumentary Skeletal System Assignment

The central nervous system is made up the higher functioning structures of the brain and the spinal cord. The brain structures can be further broken down to include the brain stem, such as the medulla oblongata, pons, cerebellum and the mesencephalon, diencephalon, and the cerebrum (Martini, Nath, & Bartholomew, 456). These are all structures that allow humans to attain their unique features. They regulate behavior, emotions, and feelings. These structures are constantly being innervated by nerve cells that come from the spinal cord (Martini, Nath, & Bartholomew, 452). Both the spinal cord and the brain are covered by meninges that assist in the process of sensory processing and in the protection of the brain and spinal cord. These meninges are the dura mater, the arachnoid mater, and the pia mater. The layers provide the blood and the nutrients for the central nervous system. They are also responsible for the creation of the cerebral spinal fluid which is critical to the survival of the brain and the spinal cord (Martini, Nath, & Bartholomew, 420 & 454).

The peripheral nervous system is composed of the neural tissue outside of the central nervous system. The purpose of the peripheral nervous system is to deliver the sensory information to the central nervous system, and from the central nervous system (Martini, Nath, & Bartholomew, 375). The peripheral nervous system sends the motor commands directly to the peripheral tissues and other systems. The nerve fibers that compose the peripheral nervous system carry these signals which will then lead to an actual action on the part of the body (Martini, Nath, & Bartholomew, 375). There are two divisions: the afferent division and the efferent division. The afferent division of the peripheral nervous system brings signals or sensory information to the central nervous system from the receptors that are located at the target organs or tissues. Any changes in the environment… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/integumentary-skeletal-system-peripheral/4700544.