Thesis: Integumentary System Physiology

Pages: 4 (1438 words)  ·  Style: APA  ·  Bibliography Sources: 4  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Anatomy  ·  Buy This Paper

Integumentary System

Physiology

The Integumentary System is made up of the skin, hair, nails, and associated glands. The system protects the body from the external environment and its many harmful materials. The integumentary system is essential in order for the body to maintain homeostasis. The skin provides the first defense that a person's immune system has. The integumentary system works hand in hand with the circulatory system including the surface capillaries. The skin plays a very important role in regards to a person's sense of touch. Not only does it protect us from injury and infection but it holds all of the other organs inside that we need to survive.

The Integumentary System

The integumentary system is made up of the skin, hair, nails, and associated glands. It is the most visible organ of the human body and one also one of the most complex ones. It is different in both form and function. The system protects the body from the external environment and its many harmful materials. It utilizes the sun while at the same time guards the body from any damage. "In addition, the system helps to regulate body temperature, serves as a minor excretory organ, and makes the inner body aware of its outer environment through sensory receptors" (The Integumentary System, 2009). The skin is the biggest organ in the human body and makes up about 7% of a persons body weight (Morse, 2002).

This system is made up of skin, hair, nails, glands, and nerves. Its central purpose is to act as a barricade in order to protect the body. It also works to retain body fluids, protect the body against disease, eliminate waste and regulate the body's temperature. To do these things, the integumentary system has to work with all other body systems. Each system has its own function in maintaining the internal conditions that the human body needs in order to work properly. The integumentary system has many functions which include:

Protecting the body's internal tissues and organs

Protecting the body against invasion by infections

Protecting the body from becoming dehydrated

Protecting the body against sudden temperature changes

Helping the body to dispose of waste

Acting as a receptor for senses such as touch, pressure, pain, heat, and cold

Providing storage for water and fat (The Integumentary System, 2008).

The integumentary system is essential in order for the body to maintain homeostasis. It permits the body to maintain an internal balance of its functions regardless of what is going on outside. The system works to protect tissues and internal organs from injury and infection. It also stops the body from loosing fluids. It receives about one-third of the blood that is pumped from the heart every minute and helps to maintain normal body temperature. It also functions as an excretory system by exuding sweat. Many cells within the skin use sunlight to generate vitamin D, which is necessary for bone growth and function. The skin also contains sensory receptors and nerve endings that allow an individual to experience sensations such as touch, pain, pressure, and temperature (The Integumentary System, 2009).

The skin provides the first defense that a person's immune system has. Oil is emitted through tiny glands in the skin in order to increase the barrier functionality. The skin contains immune cells that supply a line of defense against infections. By helping to create and absorb vitamin D, the integumentary system helps the digestive system to support the absorption of calcium from a person's diet. "Healthy functioning of the skin is also related to the digestive system because the digestion and assimilation of dietary fats and oils are essential for the body to be able to make the protective oils for the skin and hair" (The Integumentary System, 2008).

The integumentary system works hand in hand with the circulatory system including the surface capillaries. Due to the fact that it is possible for substances to enter the bloodstream through the capillaries in the skin, medications in the form of patches can be used for conditions ranging from heart problems to smoking cessation. The skin also works to regulate body temperature. If a person gets excessively hot or cold, the brain sends nerve impulses to the skin to remedy the problem in one of three ways. The first remedy is for the hairs… [END OF PREVIEW]

Integumentary Skeletal System Term Paper


Anatomy and Physiology Organ Systems Are "Composed Essay


Marfan's Syndrome Term Paper


Altered Sleep Wake Schedules Regarding Firefighters or First Responders Term Paper


View 10 other related papers  >>

Cite This Thesis:

APA Format

Integumentary System Physiology.  (2009, December 8).  Retrieved September 21, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/integumentary-system-physiology/2923405

MLA Format

"Integumentary System Physiology."  8 December 2009.  Web.  21 September 2019. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/integumentary-system-physiology/2923405>.

Chicago Format

"Integumentary System Physiology."  Essaytown.com.  December 8, 2009.  Accessed September 21, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/integumentary-system-physiology/2923405.