Term Paper: Internet the Next Generation

Pages: 12 (3275 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 1+  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Education - Computers  ·  Buy This Paper

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] Technological requirements

The new technology will require several advances in architecture. A local infrastructure, regional connectivity to a common point (referred to as a GigaPop) and transit to the commodity Internet are required for adequate functioning (SCV, 1997).

Benefits:

There are many benefits to the new system aside from increased performance. Higher speed transmissions and improved security are among the benefits expected from both projects. Faster access, richer video and sound and 3-D environments, as well as vast databases capable of storing greater quantities of information are expected (Swartz, 1997). The expectation of Internet2 is that it will be 1,000 times faster than the original and help medical diagnosis and scientific research efforts. Internet2 will also at minimum initially allow more directed usage of the Internet among the world of academia and corporations, hopefully supporting an environment of improved communication, better service and more optimal performance. Students and professors will be able to access larger volumes of information in a more efficient and productive environment. The frustration of overload commonly associated with use of the original Internet will be reduced and even eliminated in some circumstances. Much like the original Internet brought people together from around the world, Internet2 will have an even greater capability to bring people together. In this case they will be coming together in the name of research and understanding.

The faster access and richer video as well as large databases will also allow more voluminous research and exploration without the frustration commonly associated with long waits and slow access. The real time advantages of using Internet2 have also been explored in great detail. Government agents are interested in the potential for advanced security measures and initiatives which may be possible through the Internet. The most interesting and potentially rewarding benefit of the Internet2 is the ease of communication that will be afforded educational institutions. Through these institutions the spread of knowledge will continue at increasingly efficient and product rates. Also, researchers that formerly had to rely on email can now utilize more efficient same time mechanisms to work on projects together despite vast geographical difference. There are those that criticize Internet2 projects, stating that the costs are too much to bear. However the reality is that the costs do not outweigh the tremendous benefit that stands to be gained from more collaborative efforts among researchers, corporations and educational institutions.

According to Douglas Van Houweling, president and CEO of the University Corporation of the Advancement of Internet Development or UCAID, Internet2 offers many benefits that support the notion of human collaboration. According to Van Houweling, "The Internet of tomorrow will see people working together to solve problems; Tomorrow's Internet will have billions of users, there will be a convergence of today's applications and services with a real-time, rich media environment" (Emory, 1999).

Internet2 Initiatives

Many initiatives have formed in recent years in response to the creation and desired increased utilization of the technology being formed through Internet2. Middleware is often considered the "glue" or layer of software that exists between a network and its resulting applications (INT2, 2004). The software serves specific functions including provision of services such as identification, authentication and security (INT2, 2004).

Traditionally in the original Internet environment applications had to provide such services to themselves, often resulting in incompatible standards and performance; not so with the Internet2 Middleware initiative, or I2-MI, which is currently aspiring to develop and deploy "core middleware services" at universities utilizing Internet2 technology (INT2, 2004). Middleware is important to Internet2 in a variety of ways. An increasing number of applications and customizations within those applications have established the need for a core set of data and services to centralize service areas and increase the efficiency of performance (INT2, 2004). The middleware of Internet2 will be crucial toward supporting the underlying network infrastructure and maintenance of continual high performance.

The E2Epi objective is to "create a predictable and well supported environment" where students and professors operating within the Internet2 network have continuously successful experiences "in their development and use of advanced Internet applications by improving performance problem detection throughout networking infrastructures" (Int2, 2004). E2EPi originated to help solve quality of service problems involving reliability that are dominate in the original or commercially used Internet. Among the various projects of E2Epi include the establishment of a performance measurement system across campuses and labs. E2EPi also serves to analyze the end to end user path and seeks to establish a "normal operational mode" where network capabilities and restrictions can easily be assessed (INT2, 2004). Additionally the end to end user initiative is currently working out a methodology for disseminating information related to troubleshooting tips and solutions resolutions (INT2, 2004).

The K20 initiative is intended to bring together member institutions and schools and universities, community colleges, libraries, and museums to help in the development of new applications that will be utilized as a result of the Internet 2. K20 seeks to connect state education networks which are made up of K12 schools, post-secondary institutions, libraries and museums as well as general scientific cultural institutions together as members of the Internet2 community (INT2, 2004). K20 operates through a process called "Sponsored Education Group Participants" or SEGPs, intended to allow expanded access for state and regional education networks (INT, 2004).

THE FUTURE:

The future holds continued technological advances. The intention of NGI and the Internet2 is to serve eventual commercial purposes, and researchers have suggested that the creation of an Internet3 and an Internet4 should be expected, as technology provides for higher speeds and enhanced applications (Swartz, 1997). According to M. Stuart Lynn, a University of California associate currently working on Internet2, "it's an evolutionary process, a progress."

The original Internet was created during the 1970s, by the Defense Department in an attempt to improve information sharing, eventually growing into a "nationwide electronic network" for government and education researchers alike (Swartz, 1990). Use of the Internet quickly exploded in the 1990s however, yielding an "unwieldy commercial value" and venture that was controlled by no one group (Swartz, 1990).

The Internet is now one of the most commercially wide utilized technologically advanced systems used to transmit information across the information superhighway. The Internet2 and NGI have offered even more avenues for improvement.

According to Dr. Ballard in a recent weekly newspaper of the American Geophysical Union, the Internet2 might change the way scientists currently conduct deep see research (RI, 2004). During the summer of 2003 Dr. Ballard went on a scientific expedition to the Black Sea, taking with him any scientist or student who wanted to participate, thanks to the technology and capability offered by the Internet2, including a super high bandwidth satellite link (RI, 2004). Scientists were able to assist Dr. Ballard with his work on the ocean floor "from the comfort of their university laboratories" (RI, 2004). More than 205 universities are now working with the industry and government in an attempt to deploy the advanced Internet network of Internet2, which operates at 10 gigabits per second (RI, 2004). Scientists have the capability to use remotely operated vehicles or ROVs that are connected to the Internet2 (RI, 2004). The use of such vehicles would allow an unlimited amount of time observing and investigating with scientists and colleagues the world around (RI, 2004).

In Ballard's case, two remotely operated vehicles were working together near the Bottom of the Black Sea, transmitting underwater video images and acoustic signals through the use of fiber optic cable, up to the control center of ships; video channels were subsequently transmitted off the ship via satellite and placed on Internet2 (RI, 2004).

Marine science is just one of the many abstract uses that Internet2 and similarly advancing technologies may offer. It is likely that the technology of the future might facility even more rapid and advanced technological discoveries, perhaps even discoveries of cures for illnesses, because of the instantaneous collaboration that will be afforded scientists and researchers from across the world.

Conclusions

The advent of the Internet marked a remarkable change in the way people communicate. No longer do humans have to rely on inefficient systems such as telephone communication to share ideas and theories. The Internet marked a change in the way people would communicate forever. Since the advent of the Internet, technological advances have continued to change the way that users interface. The Internet has become highly commercialized, resulting in excessive congestion and frustration on the part of many users.

As a result, government officials, corporations and members of academia have invested in a new technology, Internet2 and NGI. This new technology is intended initially for exclusive use among educators, researchers, corporations and government officials. The new technology allows for communication and interaction to occur at speeds 100 to 1000 times faster than the original Internet. The new technology has established a standard… [END OF PREVIEW]

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