Internet Trust Certificates Term Paper

Pages: 10 (2900 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 0  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Education - Computers

Internet Trust Certificates

In every Internet-based transaction the online security is considered as a matter of great concern. The susceptibility of the internet auctions sites to high proportions of deceptive activities has increased its significance. (The effect of IT-based security on feedback mechanisms and trust building in online auction settings) The emergence of Internet trust certificates and signatures will extensively increase the security of Internet electronic commerce and legal deals. (Whom Do You Trust? - legislation for creating national digital certificates - Government Activity - Column)

The Information and communication technology professionals at two prominent British Universities assert that the public reliance upon the electronic media of communication, like the internet, mobile and wireless communications is at its minimum point since the last decade. The analysts from Cranfield University, Oxfordhire and London School of Economics and Political Science - LSE recently in collaboration with the Office of Science and Technology sponsored a study that probed into the evolution of Internet, interactivity and its influence on the level of trust and confidence among the users. ('Cyber Trust' at its lowest point for a decade, warn internet security experts)

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Let us understand as to what is meant by Trust. Trust has been indicated as a desire to depend upon a replacement associate in whom one has reliance. In an assessment of marketing literature, two methods may be detected. First trust is considered as a faith, confidence, or expectation about an exchange partner's trustworthiness that comes out from the skill of the partner, dependability or intentionality. Secondly trust is perceived as an activity related intention or activity that indicates dependence on a partner and associates with vulnerability and uncertainty on the part of the party who trusts. (Investigating the use of trust cues by top web retailers)

Term Paper on Internet Trust Certificates Assignment

Professor Brian Collins, the head of the Information Systems Department, Cranfield University observed that a primary concern for absence of trust is the insecure nature of these technologies applied presently. Such technologies form a complex system of interactions and interdependencies which have not been well planned and are not well understood. As per Porfessor Robin Mansell, it is clear that with the evolution of these technologies, the vulnerabilities as well as the risks confronted by web users also increases. Our encouraging social dependence on cyber trust systems is not balanced by the flexibility or ability for a good degeneration of such systems giving rise to very unstable levels of trust among the users. The data brought out by the Consumers' Association in March 2005 by the Consumers' Association indicates such view. About the 20m adults in the UK have had their identity being taken away and aware of someone who has been victimized by cyber crime. ('Cyber Trust' at its lowest point for a decade, warn internet security experts)

Now let us understand as to what is meant by a certificate. A certificate securely connects a public key to the body that grips the related private key. Having the certificate, host computers on the Internet no more has to ask for a set of passwords for individual subjects who require to be authenticated as a precondition to access. Rather, the host simply institutes trust in a certification authority that certifies individuals and resources that stick to private keys. The host thus can apply this trust by means of a certificate hierarchy that is finally relied on a root certificate, that is, a certificate from a certification authority that institutes a well defined level of integrity and security for the hierarchy. To illustrate the use of certificate: apply a browser to be connected in a Secure Sockets Layer -- SSL session; agree to a certificate as a portion of installing software; agree to a certificate when receiving an encrypted or digitally signed e-mail message. (Certificate Support and Internet Communication)

Studies have indicated that when understanding about the public key infrastructure, it is significant to understand not only about the way certificates are being issued, but the way certificates are being revoked and the way information about those revocations is made possible with the clients. This is due to the significance of revocation information of certificate for an application that is looking for verifying a particular certificate that is presently regarded as dependable. Certificate revocation information is sometimes piled in the form of certificate revocation list, irrespective of the fact it is not the only form it can adopt. Applications associated with a certificate that might link a site on an Intranet or Internet for information regarding certification authorities along with certificate revocation information. (Certificate Support and Internet Communication)

Studies have also revealed that in an organization where servers run Windows Server 2003 with SP1, one has various options in the mode the certificates and certification revocation lists or other types of certification revocation information are addressed. The Update Root Certificate element in Windows Server 2003 with SP1 is planned to automatically check the list of trusted authorities on the Microsoft Windows Update Web site when this check is required by an application. Particularly, if the application is offered with a certificate obtained from a certification authority that is not being directly trusted, the Update Root Certificate element would link the Microsoft Windows Update Web site to visualize if Microsoft has added the certification authority to its list of trusted authorities. While the certification authority has been supplemented to the Microsoft list of trusted authorities, its certificate will be automatically supplemented to the trusted certificate store on the computer. The Update Root Certificates element is not obligatory. It can be wiped out or ignored from installation on a computer running Windows Server 2003 with SP1. (Certificate Support and Internet Communication)

Researchers have revealed that there are a plenty of trust-models on the Internet entailing authentication that attempt to attain the maximum of trust with minimum of risks. These incorporate: X 509 Standard Public Key Infrastructure - PKI and also Pretty Good Privacy - PGP, the Simple Public Key Infrastructure - SPKI and a Simple Distributed Secure Infrastructure - SDSI. Such models adopt public key encryption techniques, certificates, and digital signatures. A certificate is applied in the form of a trust-token among various parties on the Internet to reveal to others that you are truly who you say you are. This work is a survey of various prevailing trusted models, their certificates, their structures, the mode of addressing transitivity of trust and Certificate Revocation Lists - CRL. (Issues of Trust in Digital Signature Certificates)

Bandyopadyay in 2002 stated that emerging markets are 'high context' cultures, where generating trust and establishing mutually obligatory relationships are sometimes preconditions to perform business. The researcher supplemented that a stress on creating trust and relationships declines the vulnerability of deals on the Internet where the participants do not come together physically. (The effect of IT-based security on feedback mechanisms and trust building in online auction settings) A study of Consumer Union Survey conducted during 2002 reveals that Internet users are mostly cynical of Web sites that sell goods or give buying advice. The survey reveals only 29% of 1500 U.S. Internet users indicate that they trust Web merchants just about all the time, while mostly about two-thirds, trusted Web retailers only some of the time, or never trusted Web retailers. A cotemporary study made by NFO World Group and sponsored by TRUSTe indicated that the threats associated with privacy were anticipated to have a considerably negative impact on online shopping during the 2003 holiday season. About 49% of the samples point out that they would confine their online shopping activity since they did not trust online retailers with their personal information. (Investigating the use of trust cues by top web retailers)

Approximately, 5.6% point out that they would not shop online at all due to concerns about privacy. The three significant causes pointed out by the respondents to this study for declining or stopping online shopping incorporated apprehension about being involved in spam after buying a product, the threat of identity theft, and the possibility of stealing credit card information. Such numbers are to warn the online retailers of the necessity of creating trust with online consumers. Devising consumer trust is crucial for success, in any business venue, and probably it is even more critical for the online environment. While the previous data would indicate there is absolutely a necessity to develop trust in the online retail environment. (Investigating the use of trust cues by top web retailers)

Luo during 2002 indicated that trust has a key role in the electronic market that associates with high uncertainty and lack of legal safeguard. Creating online trust is put forth as a remedy to the issue of consumer privacy. Trust is not considered as only a short-term problem but also the most important long-term obstacle for comprehending the prospects of e-commerce to consumers. An increased magnitude of trust is essential in an online shopping environment than in a physical shop. It is presently a folk theorem that trust is a significant concern for those who are… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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