Term Paper: Intra Agency Cooperation the Federal

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Intra Agency Cooperation

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) have contributed substantially to the development and security of this nation's military industrial complex which energizes the country's populace. These federal governmental organizations are similar in many ways but also operate in dissimilar means as well. While these agencies share a vision of a safe and free America, there is often conflict and problems that are experienced by the CIA and FBI in many instances.

The purpose of this essay is to discuss and describe the problems that have plagued inter-agency cooperation between the FBI and CIA. This essay will promote three major constraints that highlight the friction and problems between these two problems. These constraints include, the over abundance of technology, lack of leadership and the ultimate lack of a mission that necessitates the scope and power of these agencies. Before concluding this essay will make recommendations on how to remove or relax these constraints which are currently binding the system and perhaps weakening the government and nation itself.

Constraint 1: Technology

Technological advancements have proven to both hinder and help mankind's ability to navigate his circumstances. Both the FBI and CIA have also followed this trend but in today's hyper-technical world, technology appears to be constraining the relationship between these two agencies and their ability to successfully share and disseminate critical information. The shift of focus to online activity from real world communication has put a desperately heavy reliance on the abilities of technology and their modeling capabilities.

According to Juul (2013)," One-third of the CIA's workforce -- 10,000 positions -- is composed of private contractors, while the NSA contracts with at least 484 companies. According to a 2008 study commissioned by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, private contractors made up 29% of the intelligence community's workforce at a cost equivalent to half of the intelligence community's personnel budget." The CIA and FBI must be connected with these sub-contractors in order for the system to truly work. It appears that the effectiveness of the sub-contracting of intelligence gathering needs to be aligned with the technological capabilities in order for it to succeed and have any true and meaningful impact on the situation.

Technology itself has made interpersonal communication something of a lost art. Over-mechanistic trends and practices that have resulted from the ease of technological communication has created a new arena of non-contextualized information that desperately requires more of a human interpretation. This loss of humanity reveals the true constraining quality of technology that is not only affecting the CIA and FBI's abilities to communicate but also the collective group of America and the western world.

To remove this constraint is necessary to align the technology's capability with the larger strategic mission. This alignment is a challenge within itself but is ultimately necessary for any progress to be made on this issue. Technology must not replace the human aspects of intelligence gathering and law enforcement despite its suggestive powers. Technology is only useful and flourishes when it is applied with distinct purpose and reason. Reason is a purely human quality that must not be taken for granted and summarily interfused with the wisdom gained through hardship and experience.

Constraint 2: Mission Confusion

The social and political landscape of the world is jumbled and confusing when viewed from both the CIA and FBI's perspective. To maximize the interoperability between these two agencies requires a thorough and complete understanding of the objectives and mission goals of the larger picture. A diffusion of possible threats has made this a very difficult and constraining position for these institutions to find themselves under.

Ulin (2010) explained that this situation reflects the true nature of the problems at hand. He wrote "What is needed are interagency doctrine, based upon a realistic examination and analysis of past lessons, and interagency education, supported by additional manpower spaces in key federal departments and agencies because these are the building blocks to better cooperation, improved effectiveness and increased efficiency." These are helpful suggestions but do little to reveal the source of the constraint.

The FBI and CIA are secretive operations that require a special treatment when viewed with other federal agencies. Both of these groups are required to provide misleading information, or disinformation, to guarantee their success and effectiveness. Leadership needs to fool and trick other individuals, groups and nations to provide security and balance. This fact cannot be overlooked or ignored. What is most important however is that FBI and CIA create an environment full of so much foolery and distrust, that something is lost in equation.

To eliminate this constraint it would be very helpful and wise to redefine some common ground and reestablish new levels of cooperation and trust. Graf (2012) helped to explain this idea when he identified some of the root problems within the tensions between these two agencies. He suggested that "Some of the tensions between the agencies is inherent -- the two have different territories and different approaches. The FBI is supposed to be a domestic law enforcement agency, focused on federal criminal infractions leading to prosecutable court cases. The CIA is an international intelligence agency, focused on gathering actionable information to guide political and military decision-making." Finding a similar middle ground can definitely assist in minimizing the differences in approach and manner that are described in this perceived tensions.

The conflation of domestic issues and international issues are also a source of this confusion and constraint. The FBI has traditionally been a domestic resource where its focus has remained within the domestic borders. The CIA's mission focus is designed to be international. This contributes to the confusion as Graf continued "The FBI has hundreds of agents posted in some 70 countries overseas in varying levels of operational capability. Likewise, the CIA has a broad domestic network, focused on helping the agency gather information overseas. Problems persist and probably will never be fully overcome. A natural tension exists between the two organizations, deriving from their different missions, which can be negotiated but never eliminated."

Constraint 3: Leadership Problems

The most constraining boundary that is now being placed on the inter-agency operability is a leadership problem. The aforementioned constraints of technology and confusion directly stem from a clear lack of directive and leadership presence. A significant dearth of guidance and vision is clearly evident in both the CIA and FBI's top leadership. Scandal and lowered standards have hallmarked this recent trend and has caused a certain amount of embarrassment worldwide.

America as a country and as an idea is hurting in today's hyper-sensitive and politically correct world. Leaders need to transcend the unpopular notions of today and sacrifice their ego in order to accomplish the mission that this nation needs to accomplish. New attitudes are needed to remove this constraint and this new attitude requires an honest respectability to the truth and honesty. Strength and courage are needed now to help find ways that these agencies can combine forces and create a new means of conducting business that reestablishes peace and order as attainable and worthwhile objectives.

Franklin (2002) remarked that the rift between the CIA and FBI is dire, deep and profound. He wrote "Both use intelligence to do their jobs, but catching the kidnapper of the Lindbergh baby and determining whether Gen. Badenov still has influence with Khrushchev are two very different goals. And because the work is so different, the two agencies differ in how they collect, analyze, act upon, and share intelligence." It may be time to admit that inter-agency operational capabilities may not be symbiotic and new alternatives of coexistence may be altogether the right pathway to success.

Gorman (2003) agreed that these two agencies are really not sharing the same goals and interests. He wrote "outsiders dismiss the… [END OF PREVIEW]

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"Intra Agency Cooperation the Federal."  Essaytown.com.  January 10, 2014.  Accessed March 23, 2019.
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