Invasion and Occupation of Iraq Term Paper

Pages: 10 (3714 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 48  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: History - Israel


However, it is important to note that ever since the 2000 elections in America that ultimately led to the election of George Bush, the American administration had been showing a great inclination to get rid of Saddam Hussein. George Bush and his neo-conservative group have been promoting their personal ambitions under the umbrella of National Security and democracy. Their global political and economic aspirations have been very well documented by John Sfakianakis (2003). He writes, "It is not just that U.S. energy policy interests converge on Iraq. A group of neo-conservatives have been empowered since 11 September 2001. This group, headed by Secretary of Defence Donald Rumsfeld, his deputy Paul Wolfowitz and Defence Policy Board chairman Richard Perle, are trying to take advantage of Iraq's potential, at the same time promoting their own agenda (John Sfakianakis 2003)."

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The war had been waged on Iraq because it was imperative that the American and Britain oil companies gain control of the second largest oil reserves in the world. The neo-conservative group in power in America along with their British counterparts had no intentions towards promoting democracy or restoring human rights in Iraq. The threat of the weapons of mass destruction and Saddam's connection with the 9/11 attacks in America and the tremendous human rights violations carried out under his dictatorship had been nothing but a cover up. Neither the Americans nor their British counterparts had made any plans to counter the threats that have emerged after the war has ended. In fact, many political scholars believe that they had planned to have a prolonged stay in Iraq from the very beginning.

Term Paper on Invasion and Occupation of Iraq Assignment

These views have been very well documented by James A. Paul and by Michael Renner. James A. Paul writes, "Oil is at the heart of the crisis that leads towards a U.S. war against Iraq. For more than a hundred years, major powers have battled to control this enormous source of wealth and strategic power. The major international oil companies, headquartered in the United States and the United Kingdom, are keen to regain control over Iraq's oil, lost with the nationalization in 1972. (James A. Paul, 2002)."

Also, Michael Renner (2003) asserts "Only in the most direct sense is the Bush administration's Iraq policy directed against Saddam Hussein. In contrast to all the loud talk about terrorism, weapons of mass destruction, and human rights violations, very little is being said about oil. The administration has been tight-lipped about its plans for a post-Saddam Iraq and has repeatedly disavowed any interest in the country's oil resources. But press reports indicate that U.S. officials are considering a prolonged occupation of Iraq after their war to topple Saddam Hussein (Michael Renner, 2003)."

Similar views have been presented by other scholars (Laurence Frost, 2005; Greg Palast, 2004). However, Kevin Ward (2002) provides an in depth account of the motives behind the Bush administration's keenness to invade and occupy Iraq. He asserts "Iraq sits on one of the world's largest reserves of oil, crude that is not only plentiful but also cheap to pump out of the ground. For some, often described as the conspiratorial minded, oil is the real motivation behind the United States' push to change Iraqi President Saddam Hussein's regime, not a desire to rid the world of a serious threat from biological and chemical weapons (Kevin Ward, 2002)."

The professional history of President George Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney has been well documented in both the print media and the electronic media. Their focus to direct the United States energy policy towards oil has also been under great scrutiny. Michael Renner (2003) writes, "The Bush administration's ties to the oil and gas industry are beyond extensive; they are pervasive. They flow, so to speak, from the top, with a chief executive who grew up steeped in the culture of Texas oil exploration and tried his hand at it himself; and a second-in-command who came to office with a multi-million dollar retirement package in hand from his post of CEO of Halliburton Oil."

The workforce surrounding the President and the Vice President do not necessarily have the credentials to merit their selection, since; a number of highly dedicated and skilled personal had been ignored by the Bush administration. Michael Renner (2003) highlights these points to further expose the Bush Administration's global agenda. He asserts, "Since taking office, the president and vice president have assembled a government peopled heavily with representatives from the oil culture they came from. These include Secretary of the Army Thomas White, a former vice president of Enron, and Secretary of Commerce Don Evans, former president of the oil exploration company Tom Brown, Inc., whose major stake in the company was worth $13 million by the time he took office (Michael Renner, 2003)."

The ties between the companies, which have been awarded the contracts, and the Bush administration's senior officials are also well-known. While the Bush administration tried its level best to convince the American people that the method of awarding contracts to the companies had been transparent, the media has exposed the flaws in the process adopted by the Bush administration. Andre Verloy and Daniel Politi (2003) write, "Of the 30 members of the Defense Policy Board, the government-appointed group that advises the Pentagon, at least nine have ties to companies that have won more than $76 billion in defense contracts in 2001 and 2002. Four members are registered lobbyists, one of whom represents two of the three largest defense contractors."

They further expose the corruption in the Bush administration, "The board's chairman, Richard Perle, resigned yesterday, March 27, 2003, amid allegations of conflicts of interest for his representation of companies with business before the Defense Department, although he will remain a member of the board. Eight of Perle's colleagues on the board have ties to companies with significant contracts from the Pentagon"

Political Perspective on the War in Iraq

Despite the fact that the motives behind the war waged on Iraq had been corrupt and immoral, it is imperative that America along with its allies transform this vital country into a stable, free and progressive democratic state. A stable and democratic Iraq will give a positive message to the Muslim world, particularly the Arab World, which is being governed by kings and dictators. As noted by President George Bush, "A liberated Iraq can show the power of freedom to transform this vital region by bringing hope and progress into the lives of millions. America's interest in security and America's belief in liberty both lead in the same direction, to a free and peaceful Iraq."

The recent elections in Iraq can be termed as a huge success because the immediate gainers from these elections are none other than the people of Iraq. A lot of people have termed these elections as a ploy to divert the attention of the world from reality on ground. However, the reality on ground is that the people of Iraq have got the right to choose their leaders, a right taken away from them by a series of cruel military dictators, of which Saddam Hussein had been the last straw. In the words of President George Bush, "The first to benefit from a free Iraq would be the Iraqi people themselves. Today they live in scarcity and fear, under a dictator who has brought them nothing but war and misery and torture. Their lives and their freedom matter little to Saddam Hussein, but Iraqi lives and freedom matter greatly to us."

Dan Murphy (2005) asserts that the elections in Iraq can also be termed as a success because Iraq has a very broad, proactive and dynamic religious community, comprising mainly of the Shiites and the Sunnis. According to official statistics, the total number of polling stations that had been set up amounted to 52000 and the total number of police deployed to ensure the safety of the voters had amounted to 100,000 for the 25 million Iraqi people

. One can understand the demographic and ethnic breakdown of that country by looking at the following figure:

It is worth noting that at this point in time an elected government is in place in Iraq and is trying to bring things into order. However, it is imperative that the United States does not wrap up its operations in Iraq thinking it has achieved its objectives. Since the objectives have been far from achieved. Insurgents are still coming into Iraq, Al Qaeda operatives have been making great strides in destabilizing the Iraqi government. One can safely assert that these insurgents have been directly responsible for the present unrest in the country. This unrest is neither good for the Iraqi people and America nor is it good for the impression the Americans want to project from their experience in Iraq.

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APA Style

Invasion and Occupation of Iraq.  (2005, March 20).  Retrieved March 3, 2021, from

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"Invasion and Occupation of Iraq."  20 March 2005.  Web.  3 March 2021. <>.

Chicago Style

"Invasion and Occupation of Iraq."  March 20, 2005.  Accessed March 3, 2021.