Thesis: Iran Instability

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Rise in occurrences of terrorism

It was back in 1979 when Islamic Revolution was complete and since then Iran has grown consistently to be among those countries that actively support terrorism and terrorist cells across the world. Tehran is one the major states in Iran that is reputed to have equipped, educated, monetarily supported, stimulated, prepared, and otherwise encouraged a large number of terrorist groups through the years. Iran has been known to support not just terrorist cells in the Persian Gulf region, but have also been known to support additional terrorist cells and groups in the regions of Lebanon, Palestine, Bosnia and Philippines amongst other places. This encouragement and backup has sustained to stay strong in recent times as well: the U.S. administration frequently suggests and claims links between Iran and many terrorist groups in Iraq[footnoteRef:9]. [9: Barzegar, K. (2009). Iran, the Middle East, and International Security. Ortadogu Etutleri, Volume 1, No 1, pp. 27-39. This article investigates the importance of Iran's current position in the Middle East and in the international security system. With post-9/11 political-security and geopolitical developments in the Middle East and the crisis in Iraq, Middle East issues have become more interconnected and heated international debate, connecting the region's security system to the international security system.]

With regards to Tehran's major input in the support of terrorism from Iran into Iraq and elsewhere, Barzegar (2009) in his study asserts that "... Despite Iran's very real support for terrorism for more than the last 25 years and its possession of chemical weapons for over 15 years, Tehran has not transferred unconventional systems to terrorists. Iran is likely to continue this restraint and not transfer chemical, biological, or nuclear weapons for several reasons. First, providing terrorists with such unconventional weapons offers Iran few tactical advantages as these groups are able to operate effectively with existing methods and weapons. Second, Iran has become more cautious in its backing of terrorists in recent years. And third, it is highly aware that any major escalation in its support for terrorism would incur U.S. wrath and international condemnation"[footnoteRef:10]. [10: Ibid. Here the author realizes the many reasons that have led Iran's support for terrorism. It is important to note that the reasons are not very convetional which is what makes the actions of the Iranians' support for terrorism very unpredictable]

Iran's history of terrorism support

Iran initially started encouraging many radical and terrorist groups, including many who accepted terrorism as part of a revolutionary format of war, following the 1979 Islamic revolution and rapidly grew to become the world's leading conditioned and avid supporter of terrorism as stated earlier. However, it is important to note here that conveying the revolution would be a principal foreign policy objective, an objective that brought Tehran to utilize a variety of radical and terrorist cells from all over. The religious command in Tehran has been regularly seen as supporting revolutions overseas as part and parcel of their revolutionary duty to the world. The theological justifications for that Iranian revolution espoused through the clerics who stressed multiplication of Islam irrespective of how and what the image became and what conditions or limitations were proposed in the religion itself. Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khomeini, first asserted after assuming office that "We should try hard to export our revolution to the world... we [shall] confront the world with our ideology"[footnoteRef:11]. [11: Barzegar, K. (2009). Iran, the Middle East, and International Security. Ortadogu Etutleri, Volume 1, No 1, pp. 27-39. This article investigates the importance of Iran's current position in the Middle East and in the international security system. With post-9/11 political-security and geopolitical developments in the Middle East and the crisis in Iraq, Middle East issues have become more interconnected and heated international debate, connecting the region's security system to the international security system.]

Certainly, Iran's constitutional decisions on the use of its military to increase the dominion of God's law around the world did paled or tremendously overshadowed what God's law actually stated as more and more negativity sprewed into the masses from their choice of the use of military. The truth is that for Iran's new governance, encouraging or spreading Islam meant encouraging revolution. To characterize a view already strongly present within the revolutionary groups, Iran's leaders perceived that despite their own regime needing to be in a defensive state, the best way to continue spreading Islam in a defensive demeanour was to be offensive ad rigorously work towards strongly marketing their own revolution to ensure the survival of the beliefs. It was Ayatollah Khomeini who asserted that all of the superpowers had tried time and time again to eliminate Iran and its potential dominance in the region and that staying defensive would surely only help them attain their goals. This was why he believed a change in the environment and approach was necessary[footnoteRef:12]. [12: Barzegar, K. (2009). Iran, the Middle East, and International Security. Ortadogu Etutleri, Volume 1, No 1, pp. 27-39. his article investigates the importance of Iran's current position in the Middle East and in the international security system. With post-9/11 political-security and geopolitical developments in the Middle East and the crisis in Iraq, Middle East issues have become more interconnected and heated international debate, connecting the region's security system to the international security system.]

Barzegar in his study writes that "Heady with their own success against the Shah at home, Iranian leaders made no secret of their belief that corrupt and illegitimate leaders abroad such as Iraq's Saddam Hussain, the Al Saud family in Saudi Arabia, and others, would soon fall as well"[footnoteRef:13]. [13: Ibid.]

Right after the Islamic revolution ended, Tehran was chiefly energetic when controlling Shia Muslim actions all over the world. As representatives from the world's biggest Shia country, Iranian political leaders feel a unique affinity for that region's Shia populace. In many nations within the Muslim world, the Shia populace have had to tackle coercion and prejudice, and also the rebellion both stimulated these terrorist cells to do something and also to turn to Tehran for relative encouragement and backup. Iran hence supported Shia terrorist groups in not just Iraq but also in other nations like Bahrain, Saudi Arabia as well as Pakistan, amongst others[footnoteRef:14]. [14: Barzegar, K. (2009). Iran, the Middle East, and International Security. Ortadogu Etutleri, Volume 1, No 1, pp. 27-39. his article investigates the importance of Iran's current position in the Middle East and in the international security system. With post-9/11 political-security and geopolitical developments in the Middle East and the crisis in Iraq, Middle East issues have become more interconnected and heated international debate, connecting the region's security system to the international security system.]

Looking from the perspective of the pioneers of the revolution, however, it becomes clear that the Iranian revolution was structured to be a lot more than merely a Shia revival movement. Tehran viewed its contribution to be equivalent to that radical country taht was seprate and 'dispossessed' from the rest of the nations in the region as well the world. As a result Tehran accepted a range of left-wing revolutionary strategies and actions, where some of the strategies led to the creation of numerous secular notions[footnoteRef:15]. [15: Ibid.]

It was no surprise thus that this dogmatic backup provoked substantial antagonism amid the Iranian neighbouring states. All of these states frequently condemned the activities and supporters of Iran, immobilized or severed all ties of trade, created anti-Iran coalitions, greeted the rebels from Iran that incorporated the likes of many terrorist groups working against Iran. These states also regularly took the necessary steps required to deteriorate and segregate the brand new Iranian government. Hence, we can clearly see a strategic competition surface amongst Iran and several of its neighbouring states on political and social grounds whereby the primary destructive ploys used by Iran were the spread of terrorist activities as well as encouragement for subversion employed by other terrorist groups[footnoteRef:16]. [16: Ibid.]

In another relevant study, Baer (2008) support the above statement and asserts that from Iran's perspective, encouraging subversive actions grew to become a means of deteriorating and undermining the power of its neighbouring states in addition to help expand its revolution and completely destabilizing the Tehran government perceived to be illegal strategies. Almost 30 years ago, back in 1981, when the outbreak from the Iranian revolution was nearly ended, Tehran assisted Shia rebels and groups from the Islamic Front to free Bahrain by attempting to structure a coup against Al-Khalifa family that was in command in Bahrain at the time[footnoteRef:17]. [17: Baer, R. (2008). The Devil We Know: Dealing with the New Iranian Superpower. New York: Crown Publishers, 235. This paper focuses on Iran's nuclear ambitions and the threat it poses to its Arab neighbors, Israel and Europe. It also analyzes Iran's potential for sharing radiological weapons of terror, including both nuclear weapons and radiological dispersion devices with terrorist groups.]

Terrorism, obviously, seemed… [END OF PREVIEW]

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