Islamic Civilization Term Paper

Pages: 4 (1467 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 3  ·  File: .docx  ·  Topic: Mythology - Religion

SAMPLE EXCERPT . . .
In 619 A.D when his uncle passed away, the successors of the tribe refused to protect him and thus the next few years he feared for his lie. It wasn't until 621 A.D when pilgrims from Medina came for annual pilgrimage and acknowledged Muhammad as their prophet and invited him and those who followed him, to their city. Muhammad was a reformer who was committed to eliminate polytheism and further monotheism just as it was in Christianity and Judaism. After migrating to Medina several events took place. The migration to the city of Medina was known as the Hijrah and the Prophet lived there for 13 years, where he passed away and was buried after he made his final pilgrimage in 632 A.D. (Donner )

The Islamic civilization is known to be that kind of civilization which is beneficial even for those who are not a part of it. Islam had gathered much from the Roman, Byzantine, Persian and Indian civilizations and then went on to develop those heritages. The effects of the Islamic civilization are evidence of the true message of Islam. Not everyone is interested in knowing or learning about it, but its achievements are prevalent in all distinct areas of life. (Ernst )Buy full Download Microsoft Word File paper
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Term Paper on Islamic Civilization a Civilization in Assignment

Today, Islam is in great conflict with the western secular culture and the traditional Islamic culture. There is growth in Islamic fundamentalism and it is attempting to reach back to the glories of Islamic history. For a person to be within the folds of Islam, he or she must accept five key principles. He must testify and accept that there is only One God and that the prophet Muhammad was his last and final messenger. He must pray five times a day, gives alms (zakat), perform hajj provided he has the capacity to and fast. He must also believe in the angels, in satan, in heaven and hell and in life after death. He must believe in the day of judgement and in resurrection, in the Hadith, the Sunnah, prophets and the Divine book i.e. The Holy Qur'an. The Quran is the word of Allah which was sent to human beings through revelations to the prophet Muhammad. (Arberry ) (Ernst)

According to Lisan al-Hukam, author of the classical Lisan al-Hukam, "It is written that if an atheist, or an idol worshipper, or one who believes in gods besides the One God, were to merely say, There is no god but Allah, he enters Islam. Or if he were to say, I believe Muhammad to be the messenger of God, he enters Islam. This is because the deniers of Islam refrain from saying these two formulae. Hence if he was to declare even one of these two commandments, he would be taken out of the category called non-Muslim, and would be considered as a Muslim.' ("Lisan al-Hukam" 204)

In the contrary, according to Imam Ghazali, anyone who says "There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is His messenger', with the tongue but does not confirm it in his heart, there is no doubt that in the Hereafter he shall be included among the unbelievers, and shall enter hell. But there is also no doubt that, so far as affairs of this world are concerned, the religious and secular authorities shall include him among the Muslims because it is not known what is in his heart, and we are obliged to accept what is on his tongue." ("Ihya al-Ulum" 97)

From the above quotations by two renowned scholars it becomes clear to us who is and who is not considered as Islamic. Keeping in mind the definition of Islamic civilizations previously defined as a manifestation of belief in Tawhid, it is important that we know anyone who diverges from this path will be taken out of the folds of Islam.

Though after the death of Muhammad, the Islamic community required a period for reorganization of political and religious norms, the rise of Islam today, as a world religion and an international civilization is an event in its own in the history of the world.

References:

Arberry, A. Aspects of Islamic Civilization: As Depicted in the Original Texts. University of Michigan Press,

Donner, Fred McGraw. Muhammad and the Believers, At the Origins of Islam. Belknap Press, 2011.

Ernst, Carl W. Following Muhammad, Rethinking Islam in the Contemporary World. The University… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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