Israel's Celebrated Prophets Research Paper

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1, 53.3). These lines suggest that the individual will suffer for the transgressions of the Israelites, in order for them to receive the forgiveness. The theme of suffering continues, "he carried [their] diseases… He was wounded for [their] transgressions, bruised for [their] iniquities; upon him was the chastisement that made [them] whole, and by his stripes [they] are healed" and "the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of [them] all" (Isaiah 53.4-5, 53.6). The Israelites believed this to mean that salvation, redemption, and spiritual renewal would be fulfilled through an individual's life, suffering, and death. Furthermore, these promises would have been believed to be delivered at no cost to those who want it, as expressed in the metaphor, "everyone who thirsts, come to the waters… Come, buy wine and milk without money and without price" (Isaiah 55.1) Israelites understood this reconstruction of their spirituality would come about freely. People of Israel would have understood predictions in Isaiah as a promise that God would deliver the gains they were to receive by means of a suffering servant at no price to them.

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The text in Isaiah 49-55 may have also been interpreted to suggest that Israel will receive spiritual restoration through its own suffering. The suffering servant could have been interpreted to be Israel itself. God said, "Thou art my servant, O Israel, in whom I will be glorified" (Isaiah 49.3). Israelites believed that they, as a nation, would be the servant and it would be them who would suffer for humanity's sins in order to deliver spiritual restoration and forgiveness to all. The Lord explains, "the righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities" (Isaiah 53.11). His servant, as the nation of Israel, could possibly bring many into righteousness by revealing God to other nations.

Research Paper on Israel's Celebrated Prophets, Isaiah Is Assignment

Although some of the wording of Isaiah encouraged Israelites to believe they would be the suffering servant, it is more probable that they believed the suffering servant would be an individual. It is told about the servant, "Israel might be gathered to him" (Isaiah 49.5). An individual must be the one to gather the nation and suffer on behalf of it, since a nation could not do that for itself. Also, the servant was formed in the womb to be God's servant. (Isaiah 49.5) Humans, not nations, are formed in a womb, therefore this servant more commonly would have been believed to be an individual man, who will literally suffer in order to achieve the spiritual liberation of Israel. Also, the suffering servant is described to have "done no violence, neither was there deceit in his mouth" (Isaiah 53.9). Yet Israel is described in as a "sinful nation, people laden with iniquity, offspring who do evil" and is even considered "rulers of Sodom." The Israelites would not have thought themselves to be the almost sinless figure described. Therefore, they suffering servant destined to spiritually restore Israel would have been believed by the Israelites to be an individual, not their own nation.

The Israelites, in search for hope since, Chamberlain mentioned, they were only recently returned to their homeland, had to interpret the difficult poetry of Isaiah 49-55. In doing so, they were able to derive a sense of what they expected was to come, what they would gain from it, and how it would come about. The Israelites believed God tells of a suffering servant who would live a life of loneliness and rejection and would suffer and die in order for them to gain the forgiveness of God and spiritual renewal. The Israelites could have also interpreted this suffering servant to be the nation of Israel, but evidence found in the wording of verses in Isaiah suggests it is an individual and many would have believed this to be true. After years separated from their land and their God, the Israelite's land is given back and hope of a spiritual restoration is given.

Last but not least, Isaiah chapter 53 speaks of Jesus quite extensively. The passage reads as follows: "Who has believed our message and to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed? He grew up before Him like a tender shoot and like a root out of dry ground. He had no beauty of majesty to attract us to him, nothing in his appearance that we should desire him. He was despised and rejected by men, a man of sorrows, and familiar with suffering. Like one from whom men hide their faces he was despised, and we esteemed him not. Surely he took up our infirmities and carried our sorrows, yet we considered him stricken by God, smitten by him, and afflicted. But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed. We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to his own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all. He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not open his mouth; he was led like a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is silent, so he did not open his mouth. By oppression and judgment he was taken away. And who can speak of his descendants? For he was cut off from the land of the living; for the transgression of my people he was stricken. He was assigned a grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death, though he had done no violence, nor was any deceit in his mouth. Yet it was the Lord's will to crush him and cause him to suffer, and though the Lord makes his life a guilt offering, he will see his offspring and prolong his days, and the will of the Lord will prosper in his hand. After the suffering of his soul, he will see the light of life and be satisfied; by his knowledge my righteous servant will justify many, and he will bear their iniquities. Therefore I will give him a portion among the great, and he will divide the spoils with the strong, because he poured out his life unto death, and was numbered with transgressors. For he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors."

This passage tells us about Jesus; it tells us specifically about the reason Jesus came, that was to become our sin offering. In order to take away the transgression of the sinners, He had to give His life. There is a hint about what He looked like in the passage outlined above. Isaiah 53:2 reads, "He had no form or comeliness and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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