Research Paper: Israeli Palestinian Conflict

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Israeli & Palestinian

The Perpetual Battle between the Israeli's & Palestinians

The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict has been ongoing for half a century. More recently in the news, the Palestinians are proposing that the United Nations recognize them as a state. Israeli's Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu mentioned that if their request passed, it would not affect anything on the ground as far as the checkpoints and separation settlements. However, Israel is greatly concerned that if the Palestinians statehood bid is recognized, the probability of them joining international institutions such as the International Criminal Court could raise the threat war act charges against Israel. Furthermore, on September 23, 2011, Prime Minister Netanyahu spoke before the United Nations, stressing that negotiations are the only way possible to reach peace between Israel and the Palestinians. This was the same day that the Palestinians went before the United Nations in order to submit their statehood bid. This issue is of extraordinary significance because the resolution of this conflict can cause widespread reaction. It has been half a century and with no resolution in sight, there may never be an end.

Background

Prior to World War I, the Middle East region, inclusive of Palestine, was under the primary and indisputable control of the Ottoman Empire for approximately 400 years (Medding, Yahadut zemanenu 'a sh, & Harman 2008). Near the end of the 19th century, however, Palestine then divided between Beirut and the Mustafiyet of Jerusalem and Vilayets of Damascus was primarily inhabited by Arab Muslims with smaller numbers of Arab Christians, Circassians, Druze and Sephardic Jews (Medding, Yahadut zemanenu 'a sh & Harman 2008). Reportedly, the foundation of the conflict can be traced to the rise of national movements such as that with Arab nationalism and Zionism founded, in part, on the European and Middle Eastern, to a lesser degree, Jewish populations desire to return to the Promised Land or the Land of Israel with the reestablishment of the Jewish Nation. This was largely in response to anti-Semitism and Jewish persecution (Yaar 2007). This Zionist movement called for the establishment of a representative nation-state for the Jews who resided in Palestine to serve as a haven for Jews around the world wherein the sect would have a right to self-determination.

The conflict that ensued between the Arabs and the Jews in Palestine traces its first violent act of record to the accidental shooting of an Arab man in 1882 by a Jewish guard. According to historic record, in response to this incident, nearly 200 Arabs descended on the Jewish settlement vandalizing property and acting in an aggressive manner (Tessler 1994). By 1908, Arabs had killed nearly 13 Jews, and within the next 5 years, aggressions escalated resulting in twelve Jewish settlement guards being murdered. Amongst those who lived in the settlement, discussions and concerns started to heighten with regard to Arab nationalism and hatred (Morris 1999). Conversely, the ambitions expressed by the Jews were seen as a threat to Arab leaders representing the Palestinian region. What served to exacerbate the situation was the acquisition of Arab owned land secured for Jewish settlements which subsequently led to the eviction of the fellaheen or agricultural laborers from the land they had historically cultivated as tenant farmers, causing a feeling of dispossession to be a part of the Arab sentiment (Gudrun 2008).

Over the years, there have been a number of attempts in achieving peace in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. For example, in 1993, officials from Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization attempted to find a peaceful solution through what is now referred to as the Oslo peace process. The foundational point of contention during this process was Israel gradually relinquishing control of Palestinian territories, giving governance over to the Palestinians in exchange for peace. However, no agreement was reached 7 years later at the Camp David Summit held in July 2000. More recently, there have been other initiatives posited as a means to achieve peace in the war torn area (Dershowitz, 2005). The Arab Peace Initiative, originally proposed by Prince Abdullah of Saudi Arabia in 2002 was purported as a solution to the Arab-Israeli conflict with particular focus on the Israeli-Palestine conflict. Although there was agreement to the peace initiative in 2007, however, there has been much… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Israeli Palestinian Conflict.  (2011, November 16).  Retrieved November 21, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/israeli-palestinian-conflict/1261613

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"Israeli Palestinian Conflict."  Essaytown.com.  November 16, 2011.  Accessed November 21, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/israeli-palestinian-conflict/1261613.