Japan's Current and Politic Japan'sTerm Paper

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[. . .] In the later part of April, 2005 great anti-Japan protests were demonstrated in China. (UN Security Council: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

About ten thousand tough demonstrations were made on April 9th in Beijing, opposing the World War II records of Japan in China and its claim for a permanent membership in the UN Security Council. The demonstrators hide the Japanese Embassy and the residence of Japanese Ambassador with rocks and bottles and cans. They also damaged the windows of a Japanese restaurant. Agence France- Presse pointed out that the Japanese Foreign Ministry regarded the campaign to be extremely regrettable. (Chinese protests against Japan becoming permanent member of UN Security Council) The influence of the demonstrations has varied effects but incorporates the anxiety between Japan and China over the future of the Security Council. Even though the demonstrations were not officially supported by China, some researchers found that the Chinese administration had permitted such protests to proceed to counteract the Japanese claim for permanent membership of the Security Council. (UN Security Council: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

China is presently a permanent member of the Security Council and thus has the veto power over any reforms. Beijing points out it will not support a seat for Japan, unless Tokyo completely expresses regret for its invasion of China during the first half of the previous century. Japanese are becoming progressively annoyed with the protests to their claims indicating that China irrespective of its permanent seat is not a democracy is not a free market economy and has a poor record on human rights over the past half century. The sponsors of Tokyo also indicate the Japan's pacifist Constitution and its progressive manpower contributions to UN peacekeeping and humanitarian operations. Japan is the second-largest donor to the United Nations -- sharing about 20% of the payments to the world body. Some politicians presently are thinking of trimming that support if the United Nations does not let it into its most exclusive club. (Japanese Hopes for Security Council Seat Fade)

The conservative legislator Katsuei Hirasawa of the administering Liberal Democratic Party reveals Japans neighbors, in initiating the colonial past and World War II, like to use the country as an expedient scapegoat for their own difficulties. The problem is that the war is not over, he revealed. The Korea peninsula is still spitted up. China has becoming a big economic country however; still they have lots of domestic difficulties. The Chinese leaders are always anxious how to solve the problems. The better way was to fix the responsibility to Japan. The relationship of Tokyo with Beijing has sunk to their worst in more than 3 decades. That is largely the result of recent massive demonstrations by China to protest revisions in two little-applied textbooks that many indicate luster over Japans rivalry in China. The Japanese government desires the Beijing to express regret for damage done to its diplomatic facilities and Japanese businesses as well as the assaults on some Japanese students. China indicates it has nothing to express regret. According to Mr. Hirasawa, China will probably extend conditional support for a claim to Japanese Security Council at last. (Japanese Hopes for Security Council Seat Fade)

Moreover, Japan has been adhering to the United States in respect of its international policy. Its own political image is therefore, far from transparent. Without any variation in this respect, Tokyo cannot institute itself in the world, Jin Xide, fellow researcher with the Institute of Japanese Studies of the Chinese Academy of Social sciences, indicated, irrespective of its reluctance to share the veto power with Japan; the United States still backs the claim of Japan for a permanent seat on the UN Security Council. Jin pointed out that the major reason for the apparently contradictory strategies of the United States believes that UN members can barely access agreement on Security Council expansion. (Expectation Too Great) Moreover, one problem indicated by the United States against the permanent membership of Japan is Article 9 of the Constitution that deters the application of force to settle international disputes. There is a probability that the permanent UNSC members will be necessitated to apply force to settle such conflicts. U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell and his deputy, Richard Armitage, have indicated that Japan is required to reconsider the Article 9 if it actually desires the permanent membership. Armitage further reiterated that the Article 9 is inhibiting the Japan U.S. alliance. (Koizumi: No Shift in Article 9 for UN Security Council Bid)

It is also precarious to argue that Japan merits a permanent seat on the UN Security Council as a result of its budget contribution. The UN budget is shared by its members in consonance with their gross domestic products. Therefore, it is not irrational for the second largest economy in the world to take the burden of the second largest contribution. On September, 22 the Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesman Kong Quan revealed in Beijing that the UN Security Council was not a board of directors and its constitution should not be resolved as per the financial contribution of its members. The UN Security Council is consisted of five permanent members, viz., China, Russia, the United States, France and Britain along with 10 elected member of two years term. The strength of the permanent membership has not been varied ever since its inception in 1945. The growth of the UN Security Council has been under study for more that about a decade. But there has not been any considerable progress in the matter at present, while the reform will associate with a revision of the UN Charter. (Expectation Too Great)

As per the present charter, a stage of modification can be initiated only after having the support of a two-thirds majority and nine Security Council Members. Any modification to the charter also necessitates the backing of two-thirds of the members. Such procedures shall be a long pull. The strategy of the Tokyo to combine with three other countries also is perceived as a threat to its effective bid of a permanent Security Council membership as per Yan Xuetong. This would progressively decline Japan's scope since all countries in the coalition have rivalries. To illustrate, Argentina may reject Brazil and Pakistan may veto India. According to Yan, when four countries operate combined, their possibility of a veto is larger. Another complicated concern is whether the present members of the Security Council will be desirous of permitting any new members the veto power to crash any draft resolution. Some analysts grasp that the five present permanent Security Council members may not desire to share this power with new comers, visualizing their authority would be reduced if more members were entitled to the authority. (Expectation Too Great)

To conclude Japan presently, the second largest economy in the world, has long been attempting to put its international political status at par with its economic strength. However, the long expected reform will be very complicated. Now the scope of Japan to receive a permanent seat on the UN Security Council is small in the short-term and much has to be done so as to entail a general agreement among all its members.

References

Herman, Steve. Japanese Hopes for Security Council Seat Fade. 18 April 2005.

Retrieved from http://www.voanews.com/english/2005-04-18-voa6.cfm Accessed on 24 April, 2005

Public Indifference Hampers Japan's UNSC Bid. Japan Times. April 25, 2001. Retrieved from http://www.globalpolicy.org/security/reform/cluster1/2001/0425jap.htm Accessed on 24 April, 2005

Reddy, Balaji. Chinese protests against Japan becoming permanent member of UN Security Council. 9 April, 2005. Retrieved from http://www.indiadaily.com/editorial/2252.asp Accessed on 24 April, 2005

Shimbun, Asahi. Koizumi: No Shift in Article 9 for UN Security Council Bid. Retrieved from August 25, 2004. http://www.globalpolicy.org/security/reform/cluster1/2004/0825bid.htm Accessed on 24 April, 2005

UN Security Council: Why Japan should become a permanent member? Retrieved from http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/un/reform/pamph0503.pdf Accessed on 24 April, 2005

UN Security Council. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UN_Security_Council Accessed on 24 April, 2005

Zhitao, Ding. Expectation Too Great. Retrieved from http://www.bjreview.com.cn/200442/World-200442(C).htm Accessed on 24 April,… [END OF PREVIEW]

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