Jesus Although Many Modern Christians Term Paper

Pages: 4 (1448 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 10  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Mythology - Religion

SAMPLE EXCERPT . . .
In fact, Jewish communities had a different physical structure than Gentile communities. In addition, Jewish communities afforded women greater rights than Gentile communities. The education of the Jewish child, including Jesus, was focused on religious education. This education began at home, but male children were also entitled to formal religious instruction.

During Jesus' lifetime, the concept of sacrifice was an essential element of Judaism. It is important to understand the idea of sacrifice in general in order to understand the meaning of Christ's sacrifice. The "Old Testament sacrifices were not only symbols, nor yet merely predictions by fact (as prophecy by word), but they already conveyed to the believing Israelite the blessing that was to flow from the future reality to which they pointed." (Edersheim, Temple, 30). Furthermore:

The fundamental idea of sacrifice in the Old Testament is that of substitution, which again seems to imply everything else- atonement and redemption, vicarious punishment and forgiveness. The firstfruits go for the whole products; the firstlings for the flock; the redemption-money for that which cannot be offered; and the life of the sacrifice, which is in its blood, for the life of sacrificer. (Edersheim, Temple, 31).

This information helps one understand the significance of Jesus' sacrifice in the context of Jewish society. Jesus was the ultimate firstling; and his sacrifice provided both vicarious punishment and forgiveness for the flock.Buy full Download Microsoft Word File paper
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Term Paper on Jesus Although Many Modern Christians Assignment

Because the concept of sacrifice was extremely important during Jesus' time, it follows that the concept of forgiveness was equally important. People could ask for forgiveness, and they did not have to engage in personal suffering or sacrifice in order to receive such forgiveness. Furthermore, because God had the obligation to forgive the repentant, so did fellow Jews in the community. This is an aspect that has been incorporated into modern-day Christianity. In fact, forgiveness is not optional in the Christian church, but is taught as a duty for true Christians. For example, according to John Owen, who outlined the basic tenets for Protestant churches, forgiveness was to be given even to those who were cast out of the church. In fact, such persons had a right "to be forgiven both by those who in an especial manner were offended by him, and by the whole church." (Owen, 66). Moreover, Christians have a duty to make forgiveness an active thing, by applying the promises of the Gospel to the sinner and re-admitting him into the church. (Owen, 66).

Of course, Owen did not develop these principles; he merely applied Jesus' teachings. Looking at the Gospel, it becomes clear how Jesus incorporated the Jewish tradition of sacrifice and forgiveness into his teachings. For example, Jesus' apostles taught "that through this man [Jesus] is preached unto you the forgiveness of sins." (Acts 13.38). In fact, the apostles taught that Jesus' role was to "give repentance to Israel and forgiveness of sins." (Acts 5.31). The apostles were merely relating what Jesus had said during his lifetime. Jesus declared that "the Son of man hath power on earth to forgive sins." (Matthew 9.6). The apostle Paul made it clear that men have the duty of forgiveness as well. People were to forgive and comfort those who have offended them. (2 Corinthians 2.5-10). These lessons expanded upon the existing concept of forgiveness, because Jesus made it clear that he had the authority to grant forgiveness. Of course, the most important nexus between Jesus and forgiveness is that his death obviated the need for individual sacrifice in order to attain forgiveness.

Works Cited

Edersheim, Alfred. The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah. Grand Rapids, MI: Christian

Classics Ethereal Library, 2005. 15 Oct. 2006 http://www.ccel.org/ccel/edersheim/lifetimes.html.

Edersheim, Alfred. Sketches of Jewish Social Life. Grand Rapids, MI: Christian Classics

Ethereal Library, 2005. 15 Oct. 2006 http://www.ccel.org/ccel/edersheim/sketches.toc.html.

Edersheim, Alfred. The Temple: Its Ministry and Services. Grand Rapids, MI: Christian

Classics Ethereal Library, 2005. 15 Oct. 2006 http://www.ccel.org/ccel/edersheim/sketches.toc.html.

Harnack, Adolf. The Mission and Expansion of Christianity in the First Three Centuries. Grand Rapids, MI: Christian Classics Ethereal Library, 2005. 15 Oct. 2006 http://www.ccel.org/ccel/harnack/mission.html.

The Holy Bible. King James Version. New York: American Bible Society: 1999; Bartleby.com, 2000. 15 Oct. 2006 http://www.bartleby.com/108/.

Owen, John. A Brief Instruction in the Worship of God. Grand Rapids, MI: Christian Classics

Ethereal Library, 2005. 15 Oct. 2006 http://www.ccel.org/ccel/owen/worship.html. [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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