Jesus - Christianity Christmas Term Paper

Pages: 4 (1097 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 4  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Drama - World

The disputes between the Roman Catholics and Protestants led to persecutions and both civil and foreign wars (Christianity pp).

In spite of the belief that violence is antithetical to the teachings of Jesus, Christian adherents have persecuted, tortured, and killed other for refusing to believe in their type of Christianity (Christianity pp). During the Crusades, Christian atrocities against Jews in Germany and Hungary, and later in France and England, and in the massacres of non-combatants in Palestine and Syria, initiated a tradition of Christian anti-Semitism that was further bolstered by the "blood libel cult and continued into the 1500's by the Spanish Inquisition" (Christianity pp). The European colonization movement was endorsed by the European Christian churches supposedly legitimized the exploitation of the colonized lands by the European powers and led to the destruction of many cultural artifacts, especially in South America related to the Inca and Aztecs (Christianity pp).Get full Download Microsoft Word File access
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The Crusades were a series of military campaigns, generally sanctioned by the Papacy, which took place during the eleventh through the thirteenth centuries (Crusades pp). In the beginning they were Roman Catholic endeavors to re-capture the Holy Land from the Muslims, however, some were directed against other Europeans, such as the Fourth Crusade against Constantinople, the Albigensian Crusade against the Cathars of southern France and the Northern Crusades (Crusades pp). The origins lie in Western developments during the Middle Ages, as well as the deteriorating situation of the Byzantine Empire (Crusades pp). When Emperor Alexius I appealed to Pope Urban II for mercenaries to help him fight against Muslim advances into the Byzantine Empire, began the First Crusade (Crusades pp). The Pope called for a large invasion to defend Christendom, not only to defend the Byzantine Empire, but to reclaim Jerusalem (Crusades pp). Although the papacy of Pope Gregory VII struggled with doctrinal validity of a holy war and killing for the Lord, it resolved the question in favor of justified violence (Crusades pp). Actions against Arians and other heretics gave historical precedents in a society where violence against non-believers and even against other Christians was acceptable and common (Crusades pp). Thus the first crusades resulted in unprecedented wave of pious fury that was expressed in the massacres of Jews that accompanied the movement of mobs through Europe, and the violent treatment of Orthodox Christians of the east, finally ending in 1204 (Crusades pp). The ninth and last crusade, led by Edward I of England ended in 1291 (Crusades pp).

Roman Catholicism and Protestantism arrived in North America with European settlement during the sixteenth century, and then Protestantism was taken to South America and Africa by European colonists from the sixteenth through the nineteenth centuries (Christianity pp).

No other being has had such a profound influence on civilization as Jesus of Nazareth. From the days when he walked the earth until now some two thousand years later, Jesus has influenced emperors, kings, politicians, and the common man as no other being. Wars have been fought in his name, shrines have been built in his name, and prayers have been answered in his name.

Work Cited



Sheler, Jeffrey L. "The first noel."

U.S. News & World Report; 12/21/1992; pp. [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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How to Cite "Jesus - Christianity Christmas" Term Paper in a Bibliography:

APA Style

Jesus - Christianity Christmas.  (2005, May 16).  Retrieved January 26, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Jesus - Christianity Christmas."  16 May 2005.  Web.  26 January 2021. <>.

Chicago Style

"Jesus - Christianity Christmas."  May 16, 2005.  Accessed January 26, 2021.