Research Paper: Jews Without Money

Pages: 8 (2436 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 4  ·  Topic: Family and Marriage  ·  Buy This Paper


[. . .] In this sense, "The population of Greater Mumbai has increased more than twelve times in the last century. Until 1950, most of the growth remained within the Island City but this significantly reduced after 1971 due to congestion (see Table 1). After independence, with the influx of refugees, both the eastern and western suburbs started growing rapidly. Since 1981, the suburban district of Mumbai has become the largest district in the State of Maharashtra in terms of population. The population has led to densities as high as 48,215 persons per km2 in Mumbai and 16,082 per km2 in suburban Mumbai (Census, 2001)" (Risbud) Under these conditions, in the slums, and in particular in the Dharavi, the rent can even be 3$ / month, which is extremely cheap for the people working in Mumbai and especially at the conjunction of the two main lanes leading to the city, where Dharavi is situated.

According to accounts, the situation in the slum is nothing related to what slums or ghettoes had been before the Second World War. Therefore, while Gold portrays the Lower East Side as being an area of decay and unhappiness, modern accounts from the Indian slums suggest that it is the people's choice to work and live there. Moreover, "I could see were laughing children running through the lanes, and people diligently working in all types of small scale industries. To further dispel any notion of poverty-stricken people miserable in squalor, Salman began quoting astonishing numbers to me. In Dharavi, there are a total of 4,902 production units bringing in an annual income of $1 billion USD" (SHARELL)

By comparison, similar types of activities had been described by Gold as well in his novel. However, the difference there related to the type of activities undergone in the ghettoes. He describes the coming to age of the gangsters, prostitutes, and in general a world of decay. At the same time though, it must be further pointed out that the novel, despite the fact that it is considered partly auto-biographical, is still a piece of literature writing that must take into account the reaction of the audience.

The living conditions in the novel written by Gold and the ones in the Mumbai slums are similar, yet the context and background are different. Gold portrays these conditions in a political context, which is clearly visible in the last pages of the novel, when he finishes by "O worker's Revolution, you brought hope to me, a lonely suicidal boy. You are the true Messiah…O Revolution that forced me to think, to struggle, and to live. O great Beginning!" (Gold) Therefore, it can be said that the book had its finality in the belief that a new social order would eventually save the poor from the ghettoes. The focus on the social condition of his family and of the ones he portrays, from prostitutes to the gangsters, to the small children in the ghettoes and his mother, all those descriptions focus on the issue of poverty and of the lack of money that could be solved with a new economic approach. Therefore, it can be interpreted that Gold's depiction of the Jewish community and their struggle to survive without financial means is directly connected to the capitalist economic approach.

By contrast, in today's Mumbai slums, the dwellers do not necessarily rebel against the conditions. From a medical or economic point-of-view, the conditions in the slums are very precarious; yet there is no clear resolution of such problems. This is to say that numerous initiatives have been made public on the reorganization of the slums. However, if reorganization would indeed take place, the estimated costs would amount to more than 1 billion dollar only for Dharavi. At the same time though, there is a certain reluctance from the part of the slum dwellers to give in to a reconstruction project particularly because that would imply the reduction of the space allocated for one person to less than 2 square meters.

Finally, comparing the two cases, the one presented in the "Jews without money" and the ones in the Mumbai slums, it can be concluded that unlike the situation presented in the Lower East Side, six decades later, the conditions are different and are more aligned to the basic human needs. By contrast, the conditions that make the everyday reality for almost one million Indians in Dharavi represents a 21st century reality in which the labor force that is presented in the slums would imply an equal right to basic medical conditions, among others. Therefore, the situation of the dwellers of the slums is much more difficult for the simple reason that such areas should not exist in an era where development and advancements reach constant new heights.


BBC. Life in a slum. 2014. 23 March 2014 .

Bertaud, Alain. "Mumbai FSI conundrum: The perfect storm: the four factors restricting the construction of new floor space in Mumbai." July 2004. 23 March 2014 .

Gold, Michael. Jews without money. New York: International Publishers, 1930.

Lauter, Paul. Michael Gold. 2014. 23 March 2014 .

Lewis, Clara. "The TImes of India." 6 July 2011. Dharavi in Mumbai is no longer Asia's largest slum. 23 March 2014 .

Risbud, Neelima. "The case of Mumbai, India ." UNDERSTANDING SLUMS: Case Studies for the Global Report on Human Settlements (2003).

SHARELL. "A Real Look Inside Dharavi Slum in Mumbai." 2013. DAILY LIFE IN INDIA, INSPIRATIONAL INDIA. 23 March 2014 . [END OF PREVIEW]

Four Different Ordering Options:

Which Option Should I Choose?

1.  Buy the full, 8-page paper:  $28.88


2.  Buy + remove from all search engines
(Google, Yahoo, Bing) for 30 days:  $38.88


3.  Access all 175,000+ papers:  $41.97/mo

(Already a member?  Click to download the paper!)


4.  Let us write a NEW paper for you!

Ask Us to Write a New Paper
Most popular!

Immigrant and Ethnic History Term Paper

Jesus Was He Jew or Christian Term Paper

Aquinas and the Jews Term Paper

Future of Cuba Term Paper

Nazis Define and Discuss the Terms "Intentional Research Paper

View 264 other related papers  >>

Cite This Research Paper:

APA Format

Jews Without Money.  (2014, March 23).  Retrieved June 15, 2019, from

MLA Format

"Jews Without Money."  23 March 2014.  Web.  15 June 2019. <>.

Chicago Format

"Jews Without Money."  March 23, 2014.  Accessed June 15, 2019.