Jihad in the Koran Term Paper

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Jihad in the Quran

Nowadays there is a widespread misunderstanding of the word 'Jihad'. People interpret Jihad as "any war fought by any Muslim for any reason." But originally Jihad is taken from the Arabic word Ja'hada which means "to strive, to struggle." Any war, in which the Muslims engage in, is nowadays known as Jihad, even if it is not for the sake of Islam.

The word 'Jihad' is not a synonym of 'Holy War' as these days' people believe it to be. The word 'Jihad' means to 'struggle'. Hence each and every human being is engaged in Jihad as everyone in this world strives for his existence.

However the other meaning of Jihad means to strive with wealth and lives in the path of Allah. According to the Quran and Sunnah the Muslims have been obligated with three main points. Firstly a Muslim should be an obedient slave of Allah (i.e. he will change his life, values, priorities and ambitions according to the commandments of Allah). Secondly he must spread Islam as much as possible by preaching and telling them the difference between evil and good. Thirdly, he must try to set up a domination of Islam over all other methods of life.Get full Download Microsoft Word File access
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Term Paper on Jihad in the Koran Assignment

The mentioned translation of Sura 9:73, "Prophet, make war on the unbelievers and the hypocrites, and deal rigorously with them. Hell shall be their home; an evil fate" is not correct. The proper and authentic translation of Sura 9:73 in Quran says "O Prophet! Strive hard against the unbelievers and the Hypocrites, and be firm against them. Their abode is Hell, - an evil refuge indeed." The phrase here does not ask the Muslims to wage war against the hypocrites but it asks them to struggle against the unbelievers. Struggle here does not necessarily mean to wage war against them, preaching is also known as a struggle for Islam. And being firm here means to stand strong against the unbelievers. The mentioned reference about Sura 2:16,"Fighting is obligatory for you, much as you dislike it, but you may hate a thing although it is good for you, and love a thing that is bad for you. God knows, but you do not." which is totally wrong. The authentic translation of Sura 2:16 in Quran says "These are they who have bartered Guidance for error: But their traffic is profitless, and they have lost true direction."

If we read the context, it says: "When it is said to them: "Believe as the others believe:" They say: "Shall we believe as the fools believe?" Nay, of a surety they are the fools, but they do not know (2:13). When they meet those who believe, they say: "We believe;" but when they are alone with their evil ones, they say: "We are really with you: We (were) only jesting (2:14). God will throw back their mockery on them, and give them rope in their trespasses; so they will wander like blind ones (to and fro) (2:15).

This above mentioned verses is for the Hypocrites. So, it's clear from the above mentioned verses, that there is no mention of "fighting" in Sura 2:16.

According to your standpoint Sura 8:60 states," Muster against them all the men and cavalry at your command, so that you may strike terror into the enemy of God and your enemy, and others besides them who are unknown to you but known to God."

The above mentioned Sura 8:60 is quoted "out of context." To understand it better, and to get the real image of what in reality has been said by God in this verse, one should read onwards from Sura 8:60 to 8:61. The verse 8:61 clearly states that: "But if the enemy incline towards peace, do thou (also) incline towards peace, and trust in God: for He is One that heareth and knoweth (all things)." Now we can clearly see, that Qur'an is not inclined towards war, instead it says, Peace for Peace, and War for War. Often the verses in the Quran are misquoted to harm the foundation of Islam and this makes the people think that Islam promotes violence and urges its believer's to wage a war against the non-believers. As in Sura Taubah the verse 9:5 is often mislead to show that Islam asks believers to kill all the pagans. It says" Kill the mushriqeen (Makkan Idolaters) where ever you find them." While the whole verse is " but when the forbidden months are past, then fight and slay the Pagans wherever ye find them, and seize them, beleaguer them, and lie in wait for them in every stratagem (of war); but if they repent, and establish regular prayers and practice regular charity, then open the way for them: for Allah is oft-forgiving, Most merciful." This if read without the whole context of Sura does show that Islam is waging a war against the unbelievers. The verse doesn't ask the Muslims to attack all Non-Muslim people, it was specifically revealed for the Muslims so they could fight the idolaters of Makkah (i.e. Mushriqs). Mushriq is a word taken from a three letter Arabic root "sh-r-k which means to "associate" or "take a partner onto something" so Mushriqs are the one who basically associate a partner with God. And therefore this verse does not ask the Muslims to wage war against Christians or Jews. Christian or Jews are rather referred to as a different title which is ah-al-kitab or the "People of the Book" which means people who have been given a book by God other than the Muslims. And if the whole context is read one would understand that this revelation came onto the prophet in the times when a peace treaty was signed between the Muslims and the Mushriqs of Makkah. The treaty was violated by the Mushriqs of Makkah and thus a four-month period was given to them by the Muslims to make changes. Here the meaning is totally changed and it shows the period of war when this ayah was revealed. And in Sura 9:5 the verse was said to boost the Morales of the Muslims. As for example we know that America is at war with Iraq. Suppose the President of America or the General of the American Army tells the American soldiers during the war: "Wherever you find the Iraqis, kill them," it makes sense, because the country is at war.. But suppose after the war is over, and if I say that the American President has said, "Wherever you find Iraqis, kill them" without giving the context and the reason, it would make him sound like a butcher. But if I quote him in context, that he said it during a war, it will sound very logical, as he was trying to boost the morale of the American soldiers during the war.

Thus reading the whole Sura gives the circumstances in which the revelations came and would help in understanding what Islam really does say. In Sura Tauba chapter 9 verse 6 it says "If one amongst the pagans ask thee for asylum, grant it to him, so that he may hear the word of Allah; and then escort him to where he can be secure that is because they are men without knowledge." This verse clearly shows. The Qur'an not only says that a Mushriq seeking refuge during the battle should be granted safe haven, but also that he should be escorted to a safe place. In the current international situation, even a kind, peace-loving army General, during a battle, may let the enemy soldiers go free, if they want peace. But which army General will ever tell his soldiers, that if the enemy soldiers want peace during a battle, don't just let them free, but also escort them to a place of security.

After all this discussion, let's take a look at some of the verses from Bible. Let's see, how Bible teaches its followers to be "Gentle Hearted." The translation of a few verses is as under;

Exodus 15:3 says "The Lord is a warrior; the Lord is his name." This is how God is defined in Bible. War and warrior!

Exodus 22:18 says "Do not allow a sorceress to live." I.e. Thousands of innocent women have suffered excruciating deaths because of this verse. The reason is that anyone can blame any women for being a sorceress, because it doesn't require a proof, neither can a proof be produced for committing this act, an act of violence.

Exodus 22:20 says "Whoever sacrifices to any god other than the Lord must be destroyed." That is to say that if this commandment is obeyed, then the four billion people who do not believe in the biblical god must be killed. In other words, Bible takes away the "right to live," from all those who do not believe in Biblical god.

Numbers 23:24 goes on to say that God's people will kill like a lion and then "drink the blood of the slain."… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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