Jimmy Carter Annotated Bibliography Secondary Sources Books Term Paper

Pages: 5 (1912 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 9  ·  File: .docx  ·  Topic: Government

Jimmy Carter

Annotated Bibliography

Secondary Sources


DeMause, Lloyd, and Ebel, Henry. Jimmy Carter and American Fantasy:

Psychohistorical [sic] Explorations. New York: Two Continents / Psychohistory

Press, 1977. 9-31.

This book predicts, using a [then relatively new, since when this book was published in 1977, psychohistory was then less than five years old (see Editor's Foreword)] psycho-historical/biographical approach, that Jimmy Carter would [in truth he did not] lead America into a war by 1979. De Mause's argument is that by performing a "fantasy analysis," that is, a content analysis of one or more of Carter's Presidential speeches, as heard by a group or groups of citizens that extracts the exceptionally strong-sounding and/or otherwise emotionally-laden words and phrases. Next, the psycho-historical investigator uses this same extracted material but now adds to it additional secondary source material about the subject's childhood that can be gleaned through interviews with siblings, teachers, childhood friends, etc.; old photographs, and other verifiable and verified documents from the subject's childhood. All of this, in combination, deMause further suggests, may portend future directions of a new U.S. Presidency, e.g., if that President will eventually take the country to war.

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Hargrove, Erwin C. Jimmy Carter as President: Leadership and the Politics of the Public Good. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1988.

Term Paper on Jimmy Carter Annotated Bibliography Secondary Sources Books Assignment

Hargrove's book, published in 1988, eight years after the end of Jimmy Carter's Presidency that ended in 1980 with his defeat by Ronald Reagan, was based on research gathered by its author as part of the Miller Center Series on the American Presidency. Carter, m embers of his White House Cabinet, and others in key positions of political and/or advisor importance of authority within the Carter White House were interviewed. The research method was face-to-face oral interviews of these sources, and of Former President Carter himself. Based on that research, the book describes key aspects Jimmy Carter as a leader, e.g., in terms of his personal dynamism and overall leadership style. According to Hargrove, Carter was a personable but also a probing discussion leader, and that, in combination with his and his inner circle's independent reading, research, and reflections in private, combined, was how decisions were arrived at within Jimmy Carter's White House. On the other hand, perhaps in reaction to Watergate, Carter was neither well-practiced nor very interested in political maneuvering and was perhaps even (due, as Hargrove suggests, to his engineering background in the Naval Submarine Program under Hyman Rickover) too intently focused, and therefore lacking in sufficient peripheral vision.

Kaufman, Burton I. The Presidency of James Earl Carter, Jr. Lawrence, KA: The University Press of Kansas. 1993.

This book is an analytical overview of what its author, political historian Burton I. Kaufman of Virginia Polytechnic Institute, considers to be the essentially failed Presidency of Jimmy Carter. As Kaufman states in his Preface, Jimmy Carter as President was in his opinion "long on good intentions but short on knowledge" (p. xi). The book begins, in its initial chapter, with a concise biographical sketch of the childhood and youth of Jimmy Carter spend on a farm in Plains, Georgia, and describes in particular the early influences of the future President's parents; teachers, and friends, and later, after Jimmy Carter's graduation from Annapolis, his mentor during his eight years in the United States Navy before his father's death, Admiral (then Captain) Hyman Rickover. From there, the book argues essentially that despite carter's obviously keen and analytical intelligence of issues, his Presidency lacked a clearly defined overriding purpose or focus, and was therefore diffuse in its energies and weak overall. For this comprehensive and detailed analysis of Carter's Presidency, Kaufman's center of research was the Carter Library in Atlanta. Another key point the author makes is that while Jimmy Carter's "Washington outsider" status was, especially in the national aftermath of the Watergate scandals, a campaign strength of his, his inexperience at, combined with an apparent lack of personal interest in how Washington games are played, proved detrimental, in the final analysis, to Jimmy Carter's Presidency itself.

Kucharsky, David. The Man from Plains: The Mind and Spirit of Jimmy Carter.

New York: Harper and Row, 1976.

As its title implies, David Kucharsky's fascinating and engaging election year biography of Jimmy Carter, the Man from Plains: The Mind and Spirit of Jimmy Carter written the same year he was elected to the White House, focuses on how early geographical and other influences in the small, close-knit, church-going, mainly Baptist town of Plains, Georgia, helped to shape core ideals and values, permanently, of the future President Jimmy Carter. This biography, the first of now-myriad published works devoted to the 39th president's life, describes, in particular and in fascinating detail, how the adult thinking processes and deeply Christian faith the adult Jimmy Carter exhibited in his Presidential approach to leadership were likely shaped early on by various geographical, demographic; economic; social; educational; spiritual, and other key environmental influences of the Deep South in the 1920's and 1930's. Kucharsky details, for example, the young Jimmy Carter's relationship with his demanding father, Earl; his mother Lillian's all-consuming devotion to her demanding career as a nurse, especially during the Depression years (which were also Jimmy Carter's formative years); and the impact(s) of working hard on a farm; growing up among mostly black friends, and attending school and church in the still-segregated American South.

Ribuffo, Leo P. "God and Jimmy Carter." In Transforming Faith: The Sacred and Secular in Modern American History M.L. Bradbury and James B. Gilbert

Eds.). New York: Greenwood Press. 141-159.

Ribuffo's profoundly thought-provoking essay "God and Jimmy Carter," along with other essays on the role of religion in secular American politics and other secular areas of modern American life, comprise the collected proceedings from a May 1987 conference that was held, at the University of Maryland, focusing on the dynamic interplay and inter-relationships, within American secular society among religious and secular concerns alike. Ribuffo's essay explores the Baptist faith of former President Jimmy Carter and the possible and/or apparent impact(s) of that on his Presidency (and, conversely, his Presidency's impacts on it). In particular, Ribuffo suggests how Carter's deeply-held Protestant beliefs deeply inflected, if not drove altogether, Carter's decision-making processes and leadership, and how that fundamental religious influence, in Carter's case, on the secular office of the American Presidency, may have strengthened his personal resolve and inner confidence as president, but also may have resulted in a lack of clear focus or forcefully underscored, widely-recognizable purpose to his Presidency. That in turn, as Ribuffo suggests as well, may have contributed to many Americans' perception of Carter, especially during the years of high inflation; soaring gas prices, and the Iran Hostage crisis, as a weak and indecisive leader.

Strong, Robert a. Working in the World: Jimmy Carter and the Making of American Foreign Policy. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press,

This book, another in the Miller Series on the American Presidency, scrutinizes the foreign policy work, in particular, of Jimmy Carter during his Presidency, arguing in essence that Jimmy Carter deserves far more foreign policy credit than he ever received as President or has ever been given since. Strong's research for this book took place at the Jimmy Carter Presidential Library in Atlanta. Structurally and in terms of its core content, Strong's book Working in the World: Jimmy Carter and the Making of American Foreign Policy consists of nine separate foreign policy case studies, all on various foreign policy-related issues and world events germane to them (e.g., the beginning of the end, during Carter's White House years, of the Cold War). Particularly notable foreign policy accomplishments of Jimmy Carter's in particular while president, Strong further observes, include human rights initiatives worldwide; the Panama Canal treaties, and the resolution of the Iran hostage crisis (for which Ronald Reagan, as the author points out, was given credit Jimmy Carter deserved on his way out of office. Strong's series of foreign policy case studies examines myriad foreign policy decisions both big and small of the Carter years, and processes by which Jimmy Carter arrived at many of them.


Barone, Michael. "Exit polls in Venezuela." August 20, 2004. U.S. News and World Report [Online]. Retrieved February 15, 2007, from: http://www.usnews.com/usnews/opinion/baroneweb/mb_040820.htm.

This article is implicitly critical of Former President Jimmy Carter's volunteer role as an international election observer for the 2004 in the Venezuelan Presidential election, in which Hugo Chavez was elected. According to Barone, Carter is opposed to exit polls subsequent to national elections such as this one, i.e., ones within which the clear possibility of election fraud exists. This article further points out that while in Venezuela to supposedly oversee election procedures and protocols, in order to be on the lookout for any deficits in democratic fairness at the polls, Carter did not in fact observe election procedures first-hand, himself, either very often or very closely. The article concludes, of Carter's involvement overall, that it served to essentially give Chavez a free pass, in terms of the results of what was indeed most… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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