Term Paper: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

Pages: 5 (1450 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 0  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Mythology - Religion  ·  Buy This Paper


[. . .] Despite the Jewish Authorities opposition, Jesus' popularity increased. He was devoted to the Torah, preached radical and in many cases more stringent observance and application of Jewish laws.

Jesus now was a labeled man, as his followers grew, his enemies grew too. The Sanhedrin - the Jewish Rabbinical Authority in Jerusalem challenged him on specific issues seeking to question him into self-discrimination.

With his disciples, he spoke of his looming betrayal and impending death as a sacrifice for the sins of humanity. Jesus was executed by crucifixion with two other criminals guilty of rebellion. Later in the day before sunset, his body was taken down and buried in a tomb by followers. On the following Sunday, his disciples found the tomb vacant. Later the same day, according to Luke, John, and Mark, Jesus appeared at various locations in and near Jerusalem.

Finally, according to Luke (24:50-51), Jesus ascended to heaven 40 days after the Resurrection.

After His death, His followers decided that Jesus had been divine. This did not happen immediately, the development of Christian belief in the Incarnation.


The Prophet Muhammad is not considered divine but a human being. He was born in 570 A.D. In one of the most powerful tribes in the Arabia of that time, for it had guardianship over the Ka'bah in Makkah. An orphan raised by his grandfather and later by his uncle, the young Muhammad displayed outstanding virtue as a trustworthy individual whom members of various tribes would invite to act as arbitrator in their.

The monotheistic message of Abraham had long become forgotten among the general population of the Arabian Peninsula. The young Muhammad, however, was a believer in the One God all of his life and never participated in the idolatrous practices of his tribe. He received the Devine message when he was forty and gradually people started converting to Islam but there was opposition to his teachings and living in Makkah was becoming more and more difficult. Therefore, in 622 A.D. The Prophet was ordered by God to migrate to Madina, In Madina, the Prophet set up the first Islamic society, which has served as the model for all later Islamic societies. Several battles took place against the invading Makkans, which the Muslims won against great odds. Soon more tribes began to join Islam and within a few years, most of Arabia had embraced the religion of Islam.

Soon he fell ill and after three days died in 632 A.D. In Madina where he was buried in the chamber of his house next to the first mosque of Islam.

After the death of the Prophet Mohammed, the signs of split were seen in his companions and this division was probably inevitable since the absence of a central major authority, and the influence of non-Arab cultures on the Islamic religion. The two groups are not very dissimilar when it comes to belief, or the basic and full idea on which Islam is based upon. The two groups just have slightly different thoughts, based on political as well as spiritual foundations- that has marked Islamic history. Sunnism is often referred to as orthodox Islam. Sunnies are usually classified as followers of the sunna, the "way" of the In practice, they are those who historically accepted the power of the caliphate, whoever held it and however attained it. Shiism derives its name from the words Shiat Ali, or supporters of Ali, the Prophet's cousin and son-in-law, who was the last of the "rightly guided" caliphs and the last caliph based in Medina. When the Umayyads seized the Caliphate and moved its seat to Damascus, the Shiites rejected the Caliph's authority. They believed, and still fervently believe, that Ali was chosen by Muhammad as his heir.

Palestine and its Significance to the Three Monotheistic Religions

Palestine is the Holy Land of the Jews, promised to them by God according to the Bible; of the Christians because it was the scene of Jesus' life; and of the Muslims because Jerusalem is the traditional site of Muhammad's ascent to heaven.

The most primitive known settlements in Palestine, Jericho, may date from c.8000 B.C. An independent Hebrew kingdom was established c.1000 B.C. After c.950 B.C., this kingdom broke up into two states, Israel and Judah. Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, and Romans in turn occupied Palestine, which fell to [END OF PREVIEW]

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