Jury System Term Paper

Pages: 6 (2690 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 4  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Government

In some aspects it has greater unity than other metropolitan areas. The total system lies within one state and only five counties. The economic aspects and environmental systems however operate more on a regional scale, and this is gradually being recognized by the people and the public policy makers. The entire region has more than 170 municipalities and more than 1,000 other specialized units for local government. Large areas within the region are now governed by groups of small municipalities. These units think of themselves only as "niche players" in trying to get the maximum possible benefits but do not historically cooperate on matters within the jurisdiction of each other. This leads to some economic and environmental issues being dealt on the total regional basis, but being handled by different governmental agencies operating on a regional level which are narrowly focused and have overlapping powers. (A Landscape Potrait of Southern California's structure of Government and Growth) If an attempt is made to increase the role of the regional government is made, it will be opposed by the local level. This has been shown up in some researches to be true particularly for Southern California voters and municipalities. The residents of Southern California support the regional government only when the particular circumstances suit their interests and when they feel that it will not cause loss of local control. In general the residents oppose the consolidation of city and the counties, and think negatively about the regional government. About 70% of the population is not in favor of a regional government with many counties in it. (Baldassare, 46)

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3. Please describe the ways the president. obviously and subtle, influences economic policy and foreign policy. Should we elect presidents differently than we do now, through the Electoral College?

Term Paper on Jury System Currently in the Assignment

The chief foreign policy-makers, from the times of Washington, are the presidents and the administrators for that policy and their principal advisers are their secretaries of state. Presidents seldom wanted Senate's advice even though the Senate continued to approve treaties. However, the Senate has approved about 70% of the treaties put forward with slight or no alteration. Presidents played a major role in the foreign policy-making process throughout the 19th and into the 20th century. They entered into agreements with their executive counterparts in other countries with no official treaties, received ambassadors and acknowledged countries. To protect American lives and welfare, presidents, as commanders in chief, also positioned armed forces. Navy and Marines were put into action by President Thomas Jefferson to strike back against the Barbary pirates, who intimidated American shipping. The Army was directed by the President James Polk into the unclear territory with Mexico to fortify what Texans thought to be their equitable border. President Abraham Lincoln established a barricade of South by calling the militia. Congress decided not to resist these presidential actions even though they can. However, members of Congress felt free, as they frequently do, to denounce when a policy was not successful. Congress took part in an active policy-setting role only in the areas of trade and tariffs. At the start of the 20th century in the administrations of Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson, the country's participation in the international field started to increase. Both presidents used their "bully pulpits" to try to gather public support for them and planned new international initiatives for the United States. While Wilson was unsuccessful in getting approval of the Treaty of Versailles, which ended World War I, and for U.S. participation in the League of Nations, Roosevelt was successful in obtaining sanction to build the Panama Canal. However, in foreign affairs, an extensive presidential privilege has been definitely established. (Wayne, 14)

For several decades the presidents have been annoyed by the challenge of the harmonization of the economic policy involving both domestic and international economic matters. Presidents over the past twenty years have formed and used system of government like the Economic Policy board, the Economic Policy Council, and the National Economic Council. Also the Presidents have relied on the recommendation of the Council of Economic Advisers, the Office of Management and Budget, and the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative. Presidents have power over the direction of the U.S. economy, but less than is usually supposed and surely far less than presidents themselves like to demand, in particular when the economy is doing well.

The Federal Reserve has the maximum aptitude to affect the economy, no matter what the presidents or the Congress do. If the Fed is following monetary policy that is damaging - it can follow any number of harmful policies, which are too tight or too loose with money and credit, even a president who supports enterprise and a congress that cuts taxes, and tariffs will be foiled.

One of the legacies of the enthused mastermind of our Founding Fathers is the Electoral College. It was the great part of the negotiation, which changed us from a group of rival colonies into a constitutional republic. President who attains a majority in a working political process is given to us by the Electoral College. It is tough for a candidate to get a majority (over 50%) of the popular vote due to the third parties. The Electoral College is mainly beneficial in situations of close elections and saves us from the catastrophe of having to count again votes in all 50 states. We would always be burdened with minority Presidents without a sufficient base of support for leadership, without the Electoral College. The presidential candidates are persuaded by the Electoral College to gear their time, money and policies towards the whole country, not just towards the half dozen most populous states. We are saved by the Electoral College from the destiny of other nations that experience the difficulties, doubts and sufferings of alliance government patched together when no candidate or party wins a majority. Electoral College, except as a last choice, keeps the interfering fingers of Congress out of the election process which is an added advantage. It acts as a cushion against federal dictatorship. The only function of our national government that is done outside Washington, D.C is the Electoral College. The president is chosen by voters chosen in their states according to their own state election rules, which meet and cast their votes in their own state capitals. The Electoral College does not allow Senator, Representative or other federal officer to be a voter. For more than 200 years the Electoral College has helped us and there is every motive to consider that it will continue to serve us for the next 200 years. (The Way We Elect Our Presidents, 26)


Baldassare, Mark. Regional Variations in Support of Regional Governance. Urban affairs Quarterly, Dec. 1994, pp. 45-51

Fulton, William; Glickfeld, Madelyn; McMurran, Grant and Gin, June. "A Landscape Potrait of Southern California's structure of Government and Growth." Retrieved at http://www.cp-dr.com/landscape_port/landport.html. Accessed on 12/11/2003

The Way We Elect Our Presidents." The Phyllis Schlafly Report. Volume 34, No.5, December, 2000, pp.24-28

Wayne, Stephen J. "The Multiple Influences on… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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