Annotated Bibliography: Juvenile Delinquency Baldry, A.C. )

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Juvenile Delinquency

Baldry, A.C. (2014). Bullying and Juvenile Delinquency. Organized Crime, Corruption, and Crime Prevention. 2014: 3-12.

Although this study focuses on a Southern Italian cohort, the results may be generalized and applied to any other population because it involves the relationship between bullying and juvenile delinquency. The author is a professor at the Second University of Naples. Findings in this research include the risk factors related to bullying. In particular, being a perpetrator of bullying in school is a "precursor of future violence," (Baldry, 2014, p. 3). The author frames bullying as a community problem, which is an important structural and systems approach to juvenile delinquency. I can apply the structural and systems approach to my research, focusing on gender issues.

Beerthuizen, M.G.C.J. (2012). The impact of morality on externalizing behavior: Values, reasoning, cognitive distortions and identity. Dissertation for Utrecht University.

As a dissertation, this study is not cited in external research and may not be considered a highly credible source of information. However, the author's approach and analysis prove valuable for a comprehensive understanding of juvenile delinquency. In particular, the author conducted four separate investigations. The first was related to moral values in young people. The second was related to the moral reasoning in a cohort of juveniles who had perpetrated sexual abuse. The third study examined the moral reasoning and value attribution and identity, and the fourth study provides a meta-analysis of fourteen scholarly papers on the externalizing behaviors of juveniles, related to moral judgment. The extensive body of research presented here will be valuable for helping me develop my hypotheses and offering a framework.

Chesney-Lind, M. & Shelden, R.G. (1998). Girls, Delinquency, and Juvenile Justice. 2nd Ed. Belmont: Wadsworth.

This book uses classical theories of juvenile delinquency, including conflict and strain theories. Although it was published in 1998, the book does show that patterns in female juvenile delinquency have not changed much over several generations. The information contained in this book is invaluable, as it points to the core problems related to gender issues in juvenile delinquency. Chesney-Lind is a specialist in gender issues in criminology; Shelden is a leading criminologist who has published dozens of articles, books, and book chapters on criminology, criminal justice, and gender issues in criminology. The authors contend that the juvenile justice system has served the male population to the exclusion of the female population, and that it is critical to take into account the needs and unique experiences of the female cohort. Furthermore, issues related to the sexualization of female delinquency raises core concerns about gender disparity that can be incorporated into my research.

Cullen, F.C., Jonson, C.L., Myer, A.J. & Adler, F. (2011). The Origins of American Criminology. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.

This book offers a comprehensive set of research essays on criminology. It is published by a Rutgers University-associated social sciences publisher, and all the entries are scholarly in nature. The book is divided into several thematic parts including the Chicago School, the University of Pennsylvania school, and the social control and social learning debates prevalent in criminology. Although it offers a broad overview of the history and evolution of criminology studies in America, the book offers much to the researcher in juvenile delinquency and criminal justice responses to female delinquency in particular. The articles provide essential theoretical frameworks from which to build my research.

Gardner, M., Roth, J. & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2011). Sports participation and juvenile delinquency: The role of the peer context among adolescent boys and girls with varied histories of problem behavior. Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology 1(S), Aug 2011, 19-37.

This is a study of a large adolescent cohort (1344 urban adolescents) in the United States. Gardner, Roth & Brooks-Gunn (2011) are all criminologists or research psychologists and university professors. This research examines the relationship between participating in organized team sports and delinquency. The researchers controlled for gender and describe their results according to gender. Control groups included those who participated in non-athletic extracurricular activities. Variables like deviant peer associations and unstructured socializing mitigate any positive effects that participation in sports has on the juvenile. The information in this article can be applied to my research, as it is important to understand risk factors and ameliorative factors.

Hartman, J.L. & Sundt, J.L. (2011). The rise of feminist criminology: Freda Adler. Chapter 9 in The Origins of American Criminology. New Brunswich, NJ: Transaction.

This book chapter is authored by American two associate professors in criminology, and offers an overview of feminist theory in criminology. Crime patterns do vary according to gender, note the authors. However, public policy has failed to effectively serve the needs of the female juvenile population either in terms of preventative or judicial measures. The methodology of this book chapter is to examine in particular the contributions of Freda Adler to the field of feminist criminology. This research can be applied to my research on the relationship between gender and crime, and responses to gender-specific crimes in the juvenile justice system.

Hertz, R., Guggenheim, M. & Amsterdam, A.G. (2013). Trial manual for defense attorneys in juvenile delinquency cases. 2013 Edition. Available online: http://njdc.info/pdf/2013_Juvenile_Trial_Manual-Updated_Full_Version.pdf

This is a unique entry in my bibliography because it is a manual for trial lawyers working on juvenile justice cases. Unlike other entries, this is not about research but about procedure. It is therefore a valuable resource for knowing how female or male delinquents engage the criminal justice system, how the courts view them, and how attorneys handle cases. This manual also outlines important criteria including ethical guidelines for representing juvenile clients. Providing a rounded discussion, the authors are all attorneys in juvenile criminal justice and therefore well qualified to compose this report, which would also be useful from a professional point-of-view.

Khurana, A., Cooksey, E.C. & Gavazzi, S.M. (2011). Juvenile delinquency and teenage pregnancy. Psychology of Women Quarterly 35(2): 282-289.

Khurana works at the Annenberg Public Policy Center and the other two authors are on staff at the Ohio State University in different departments. Their work focuses on juvenile delinquency in the female population, related to the variable of pregnancy. The authors found that young African-American women who were in the juvenile justice system were three times as likely to have been pregnant in the past. These findings suggest the need for targeted intervention programs for African-American girls, with strong implications for anti-pregnancy strategies. The authors also found that white female inmates of juvenile detention centers were more likely to have substance abuse issues than their black counterparts. The implications of this research on mine will be explored.

Loeber, R., Capaldi, D.M. & Costello, E. (2013). Gender and the development of aggression, disruptive behavior, and delinquency from childhood to early adulthood. Chapter 6 in Disruptive Behavior Disorders Advances in Development and Psychopathology: Brain Research Foundation Symposium Series Volume 1, 2013, pp 137-160

All the authors are on staff as professors of psychology at reputable universities in the United States and are well qualified for this research. The authors' backgrounds in psychology ensures the presentation of material related to the psychological variables in juvenile delinquency. This research focuses on gender as a variable in the development of aggression, disruptive behavior, and delinquent behavior from childhood to early adulthood. There is no necessary trajectory from aggressive behavior in early childhood to disruptive behaviors in adulthood, which makes it extra important to examine critical variables and risk factors. Understanding the authors' findings will help me in my research.

Loeber, R., Farrington, D.P. & Petechuk, D. (2013). Bulletin 1: From Juvenile Delinquency to Young Adult Offending (Study Group on the Transitions Between Juvenile Delinquency and Adult Crime). National Institute of Justice Report. Retrieved: https://ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/242931.pdf

This is a publication of a federal criminal justice agency, the National Institute of Justice. The study group focused on the transition from adolescence to adulthood to see what trends emerge in delinquent behaviors. Although a small percentage of juvenile delinquents do go on to commit crimes in early adulthood, the authors found that the large majority of juvenile offenders do not commit crimes in young adulthood. The authors postulate a relationship between increased self-control, increased social control, and decreased impulses in explaining the results. This research is interesting to include in my research because it reveals outcomes of intervention.

Pataccini, E. & Zenou, Y. (2012). Juvenile delinquency and conformism. Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization 28(1): 1-31.

The role of conformism and conformity attitudes plays a role in juvenile delinquent behavior. This research studies the relationship between conformism and behavioral outcomes, especially crime. The social network model used here can be extended for my research. Pataccini & Zenou (2012) are researchers at universities in Europe, with Pataccini at the University of Rome and Zenou at Stockholm University. The authors' approach is sociological in nature, providing me with the systems approach I need to address juvenile delinquency in my research. The results do show that conformity is a key factor in all crimes, but especially petty crimes.

Ryan, J.P., Hong, J.S., Herz, D. & Hernandez, P.M. (2010).… [END OF PREVIEW]

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