Term Paper: Juvenile Delinquency: Why They Happen

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[. . .] These RCCF facilities include community corrections centers, mentally ill offender facility, halfway houses, parole violator unit, prerelease centers, intermediate sanction facility, probation violator unit, probation boot camps, residential drug treatment facilities, therapeutic communities, restitution centers, work ethic camps and work release centers (Cengage Learning, 2009) among others.

Correctional boot camps operates with the military paradigm of breaking the bad old habits and thought process then building new disciplined ones through intensive hard physical training, drills, hard labor and ultimately ceremony upon achievement. The participants live in barracks that are built specifically for this or if within the prison the barracks are separated from the general prison. The boot camps also provide therapeutic and educational services like the education on alcohol and drugs as well. There is also group or personal counseling, anger management sessions, vocational training in various fields and academic training. The candidates of boot camps are generally first felony offenders who are convicted of non-violent offenses. Majorities have used drugs there before and most volunteer to join the boot camps. These help the candidates realize their abilities and the vocational training brings out the skills and talents that they could be having and hiding. It also models them to be fitting personalities when they rejoin the community.

Therapeutic communities have also proven to be a resource when it comes to juvenile correction and preventing them from getting into further delinquency. Here, clients from community and even from prison are allowed to join as long as they do not have discipline problems or bad records from the prison. The facility is designed for those juveniles that maybe failed in other programs like parole and probation due to abuse of alcohol and drugs. The program is formatted for delinquents under the age of 21 years old. Once they are admitted into the facility or the program, they are thoroughly diagnosed and their behavior studied after which personalized treatment plans are drafted.

The other way to help the delinquents is through work ethic camps. These act as a substitute for to being locked up in prisons and may run for 120 days with a well crafted behavioral treatment. Most of these facilities conduct an entry assessment of the juvenile before they give space for their admission. Upon completion of the behavior correction period as indicated above, the juveniles are allowed back to the society with a provision of intensive probation process to discourage them from getting back to delinquency again.

The other facility that can be used to correct delinquents is the combine work release therapeutic community (CREST) which combines the therapeutic community with the work release. The candidates for CREST must go through a thorough drugs and alcohol education program and counseling upon completion then they are eligible to progress to the work release program. This is yet another way of stopping them from committing more crimes in the same line.

Even from the proposed settings above, there is still that feling of belonging to the wider family structure and not being locked up away from the family fro a long time. Indeed, once the juvenile finishes the stipulated period and shows signs of behavior change, they are allowed to rejoin their families and carry on with life as usual. This points to the emphasis that the family is the most important unit within the society and the country at large in shaping the behavior of a juvenile and making they shun criminal delinquent behaviors that may escalate to more hardcore crimes in the later years. There is need therefore for the general public to be educated about the use of family unit towards stalling crime instead of constantly investing in penitentiaries and other prison kind of places to deter crime.


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