Term Paper: Juvenile Delinquent Sex Offenders

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Juvenile Sex Offenders Introduction

How does the mental health system deal with juvenile sex offenders? What causes these young offenders to commit crimes of a deviant sexual nature, and how frequently do juvenile sex offenders repeat their crimes even after therapy? This paper will review several articles that examine this issue. How many juvenile sex offenders are there in America? "Sexual assaults by youth are a growing concern in this country" (Center for Sex Offender Management [CSOM], U.S. Department of Justice 2000). In fact, the CSOM fact sheet asserts that "adolescents (ages 13 to 17) account for one-fifth of all rapes" and about 50% of all cases of child molestation committed each year (CSOM). The facts presented by the CSOM fact sheet show that in 1995, 15% of all "forcible rapes" were committed by youths (CSOM); about 18 adolescents per 100,000 "were arrested for forcible rape" (CSOM). That year, about 16,100 adolescents were arrested for sexual offenses (CSOM).

Meanwhile, juvenile sex offenders are associated with deviant sexual fantasies, according to a scholarly article in Archives of Sexual Behavior (Aylwin, et al., 2005). Convicted sex offenders "frequently tell treatment providers that deviant sexual fantasies preceded their criminal behavior" the authors explain. And so with that knowledge of what goes on in the mind of the juvenile sex criminal, therapists show offenders "how to manage or extinguish" (Aylwin 231) those fantasies through masturbation, according to the article. The job of the therapist in these cases is to try to promote "alternate non-deviant fantasy" lives for the offenders.

Deviant Sexual Fantasies

Alternate non-deviant fantasies can be helpful in some cases, the article asserts. In fact, a sample of 87 male adolescent sexual offenders who were "...attending residential treatment and all of them "kept a log recording all normal and deviant sexual fantasies..." (Aylwin, 231) they were having. During the first five months of treatment, deviant fantasies "increased substantially" - by 380% - but it "steadily declined...over the remaining months in therapy (Aylwin 231).

The article mentions another study that provides "empirical evidence that deviant sexual fantasies were prominent for child molesters and exhibitionists" (Aylwin, 232). One problem limitation in these studies though is "self-disclosure" (Aylwin 232), because there are studies using polygraph technology that shows offenders do not always tell the truth about their fantasies.

Another question that comes up when the issue of juvenile sex deviancy is, were most offenders typically victims of sexual abuse when they were children? The Center for Sex Offender Management fact sheet indicates that "approximately 40 to 80% experienced sexual abuse" (CSOM 2000), but "the majority" of youth who were sexually abused as children "so not become adult sex offenders."

An article in the Journal of Family Violence (Hunter, 2004) states that the results of a survey of 182 adolescent males show that "...youth who sexually offended against prepubescent children manifested greater deficits in psychosocial functioning" (Hunter, p. 233). That means that juvenile sex offenders who preyed upon little children didn't function well in society. And the article also mentioned that the type of offender who abuses little children also "commits

10-year-old Sexual Offender fewer offenses against strangers, and demonstrated less violence in their sexual offending than offenders against pubescent females" (Hunter, p. 233). The article pointed out that studies like this one "will ultimately support the development of effective prevention programming for at-risk youth" (Hunter, p. 233) and the "refinement" of therapy strategies that will help reduce this problem. Not all youthful offenders have reached the teenage years. A report in the New Jersey Law Journal (NJLJ 2001) covers the issue of a 10-year-old-juvenile who allegedly sexually assaulted his 8-year-old female cousin in 1995; this conduct, "if committed by an adult, would constitute the crime of second-degree sexual assault..."

The hearing into this case disclosed that "penetration by the 10-year-old juvenile" of his cousin was "not established by clear and convincing evidence" (NJLJ 2001). So the boy was sentenced "to an indeterminate custodial term not to exceed three years..." But the court suspended the sentence and the child was given therapy out of his home. Meanwhile, in 1999, the therapist who was working with J.G. testified in a hearing that the group counseling sessions had been "terminated" because J.G. "lacked the necessary… [END OF PREVIEW]

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APA Format

Juvenile Delinquent Sex Offenders.  (2006, December 8).  Retrieved May 22, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/juvenile-delinquent-sex-offenders/573565

MLA Format

"Juvenile Delinquent Sex Offenders."  8 December 2006.  Web.  22 May 2019. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/juvenile-delinquent-sex-offenders/573565>.

Chicago Format

"Juvenile Delinquent Sex Offenders."  Essaytown.com.  December 8, 2006.  Accessed May 22, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/juvenile-delinquent-sex-offenders/573565.