Juvenile Justice Essay

Pages: 2 (780 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 12  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Children

Juvenile Justice

In the beginning the idea of establishing a juvenile court was to put into place a separate institution for juvenile offenders in which the rehabilitative attempt could proceed without the alleged corruption of incorrigible adults. Up until this point there were no laws in place to deal with juvenile offenders other than the common law's substantive infancy defence (Fox, 1996). On July 1, 1899, the first juvenile court in the world came into existence in Chicago, Illinois. This has been widely commended as a ground-breaking advance in the treatment of delinquent and neglected children and as the beginning of a new era in the collaboration of law, science, and social work in the field of child welfare (Caldwell, 1961).

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In 2008, law enforcement agencies made over two million arrests of persons who were under the age of eighteen (Puzzanchera, 2009). After an arrest there are three main outcomes that can take place in the juvenile justice system. A juvenile may be placed in secure detention at various times during case processing. Detention is mainly used for temporary holding while youth await adjudication, disposition, or placement elsewhere (Knoll & Sickmund, 2010). A second outcome is that of probation. Probation can be court ordered or voluntary (Livsey, 2010). The last outcome is that of residential placement. "Juvenile facilities are known by many different names across the country: detention centers, juvenile halls, shelters, reception and diagnostic centers, group homes, wilderness camps, ranches, farms, youth development centers, residential treatment centers, training or reform schools, and juvenile correctional institutions. Some facilities resemble adult prisons or jails, some resemble campuses, and others resemble houses" (Sickmund, 2010).

Guiding Principles

TOPIC: Essay on Juvenile Justice in the Beginning the Idea Assignment

Before juvenile courts were formed the common criminal law did not differentiate between the adult and the minor who had reached the age of criminal responsibility. The fundamental thought in criminal jurisprudence was not reformation but punishment. Punishment was seen as amends for the wrong and as a warning to other possible wrongdoers (Mack, 1909). According to Platt (1969) the juvenile court system was part of a general movement directed towards removing children from the criminal law process and creating special programs for delinquent, dependent and neglected children.

The thought process changed though and when juvenile courts were founded, it was thought that the child who had begun to go wrong, who was incorrigible or who… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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APA Style

Juvenile Justice.  (2012, January 10).  Retrieved December 5, 2021, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/juvenile-justice-beginning-idea/7880942

MLA Format

"Juvenile Justice."  10 January 2012.  Web.  5 December 2021. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/juvenile-justice-beginning-idea/7880942>.

Chicago Style

"Juvenile Justice."  Essaytown.com.  January 10, 2012.  Accessed December 5, 2021.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/juvenile-justice-beginning-idea/7880942.