Juvenile Justice Juvenile Delinquents Shifting Term Paper

Pages: 6 (2220 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 3  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Criminal Justice

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] The juvenile can be forced to restore and repair the damage of his graffiti and then help build a new garden for the synagogue or church he or she damaged, as well as attend sensitivity-training classes that focuses on rehabilitating his or her perspective.

Corrections

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"The most severe sanction that a juvenile court can impose entails the restriction of a juvenile's freedom through placement in a residential facility…Out-of-home placement results in a great burden both on the youth who receive this sanction and on the juvenile justice system itself. The youth experience a disruption in their normal routines, schooling, and family/social relationships. The juvenile justice system must bear the responsibility for mental health care, substance abuse treatment, and education, among other requirements" (Juveniles in corrections, 2010, OJJDP). Very often, such facilities are blurry in terms of their purpose: the focus on education and substance abuse treatment, while valuable, does not address the reason the juvenile is in detention, as opposed to receiving treatment in another venue. Restorative justice stresses that within the corrections system, three cornerstones are demanded: "retributive accountability, rehabilitative healing, and deterrent crime prevention" (Giacomazzi, 2005). Juvenile offenders must be forced to make efforts to heal their victims and the community: rather than remained cloistered in detention. Programs that encourage juveniles to leave the facility and deal with the victimized population require the juvenile to apprehend that the victim is a human being, not an abstraction in his or her own personal drama.

Community services

Term Paper on Juvenile Justice Juvenile Delinquents Shifting Assignment

Restorative justice can be as simple as the juvenile offender speaking with the individual whom he stole from, in the case of a shoplifter, and understanding the extent to which his actions impacted others. For more intractable offenders, restorative justice has involved training in various community-focused skills (such as training dogs for the blind, working in food services, and other measures) as well as helping and interacting with victims. The punishment is constructive, and encourages the offender to have an investment in society, yet it also heals society. Moreover, unlike other juvenile justice programs that are solely rehabilitative, the focus on the harm done by the offense is clear, and there is not simply vague, introverted self-directed healing and learning.

Intervention programs

Intervention programs that make use of Restorative justice ideas focus on mediation and communication skills, to prevent crimes from happening in the first place. They also encourage building bridges between law enforcement and the community. If law enforcement is not seen as the enemy, there is less of a need for punishment in the first place.

Leftist critics of restorative justice after a crime has been committed often state that there is too much of a focus on the victim, rather than treating the causes of juvenile crime such as poverty and drug dependence. Conservative critics say it is traumatizing for victims and not sufficiently punitive. Restorative justice is a kind of 'middle way' -- it acknowledges the weighty nature of the crime committed by the offender, and thus teaches the juvenile the costs of his or her crime. It goes beyond merely trying to 'heal' the child. But justice must be about balance: restorative justice strives to punish, but in a constructive manner, and encourages justice to be served for the victim as well as the perpetrator, regardless of age.

References

Balanced and restorative justice. (2010). OJJDP report: Guide for implementing the balanced and restorative justice model. Retrieved July 4, 2010. http://www.ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/pubs/implementing/balanced.html

Giacomazzi, Andrew L. (2005, February). Review of Restorative justice by Ruth Ann

Strickland. (New York, NY: Peter Lang, 2004). LPBR. 15.2: 139-142. Retrieved July 4,

2010. http://www.bsos.umd.edu/gvpt/lpbr/subpages/reviews/strickland205.htm

Juvenile justice. (2010). Superior Court of California: County of Santa Clara. Retrieved July 4,

2010 at http://www.scself-service.org/juvdel/process.htm#process

Juveniles in corrections. (2010). OJJDP. Retrieved July 4, 2010.

http://www.ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/overview.html

Myers, Stephanie. (2010). Police. Handling of juveniles. Retrieved July 4, 2010 at http://law.jrank.org/pages/1660/Police-Handling-Juveniles-Historical-overview-organizational-structure.html#ixzz0sji2NfV5

Uberman, Rex. (2010). Probation and community intervention

Florida Department of Juvenile Justice. Retrieved July 4, 2010 at http://www.djj.state.fl.us/Probation/index.html [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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