Term Paper: Juvenile Pros and Cons

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[. . .] 192). It has been scientifically proven juveniles do not have fully mature brains until they reach adult age and are not fully aware of consequences when they perform actions. This is not to say juveniles should not receive punishment for their actions. But due to the growing case load of the juvenile and adult courts, it is safe to say something must be done to remedy the situation.

The pros of trying juveniles as adults vary. As previously mentioned, the public and politicians feel safer when they see juveniles who perform severe crimes treated as adults. Society believes in a punishment befitting the crime and as some news stories have pointed out, certain teens and children have committed heinous acts that people feel should be punished to the greatest extent of the law. Case in point, an 11-year-old who forced an 8-year-old to perform oral sex on him and two other boys. The act alone warrants one to consider how mature the mind of the child is if he was able to not only force the boy to perform these acts, but even understand what these acts stand for.

Punishing crimes of this nature, regardless of age promotes a strict, no tolerance policy that helps people feel as though they are being protected. Additionally juvenile courts offer less severe punishments than adult criminal courts with the option of expungement as they mature as seen in NYC for juveniles. Furthermore when a juvenile is tried as a juvenile there is a limit to how long the juvenile can be tried under the law. With severe crimes comes long court proceedings that may take longer than when tried as an adult. "Jurisdiction is initially determined by the juvenile's age at the time of the alleged offense. "Statutory provisions mandate when a juvenile ages out of the jurisdiction of the juvenile court or when a juvenile case is otherwise closed" ("Chapter 3: Juvenile Court Jurisdiction and Parties to Juvenile Proceedings").

Discussion

The Juvenile Justice System is a critical part in the Criminal Justice Systems for every country worldwide. Appropriate management of the Juvenile Justice system clearly indicates the state of the country in regards to its youth and youth delinquency. Juvenile delinquency has a varied and complex source. Juvenile delinquents may experience abuse or forced to grow up in a broken home prompting their need to act out in self-destructive ways. Families as well as the communities and the government must look for ways to incorporate methods on handling and raising children to promote a healthier and safe environment. As Ojo wrote:

Schools must incorporate teachings on Juvenile delinquency in their curricula and provide good counseling departments and ready assistance to the less privileged students; the communities in the country should be encourage to provide recreational facilities for the youths and encourage the youths to join social clubs and associations and that the governments should train and equip the Police, Court and Reformatory Homes to handle the Juvenile Justice system in such a way that it will meet the international standards (Ojo, 2012, pp. 468).

With involvement from all aspects of society, juvenile delinquency can diminish. Positive environments help juveniles grow up healthy enough to refrain from deviant and lawful behavior.

Conclusion

Although there are many views on trying juveniles as adults, the facts do not lie. More and more juveniles are committing crimes. The severity of these crimes has increased with some committing murder, rape, and even torture. As much as people want to feel like the punishments from adult courts help, they don't because they do not solve the source of the problem. The source of the problem is in how these children are raised. If people learn to adequately care for these children, they will provide enough stability for juveniles to deter from committing crimes.

I found a link for all chapters: http://www.sagepub.com/bartol3e/study/chapter.htm

References

Bartol, C.R., & Bartol, A.M. (2011). Chapter 6 Consulting with Juvenile and Civil Courts. Introduction to forensic psychology (3 ed., pp. 187-219). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Cooper, D.K. (1997). Juveniles' understanding of trial-related information: are they competent defendants?. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 15(2), 167-180.

NCIDS. (n.d.). Chapter 3: Juvenile Court Jurisdiction and Parties to Juvenile Proceedings. Retrieved March 23, 2014, from http://www.ncids.org/other%20manuals/JuvDefenderManual/JuvenileDefBook_03.pdf

Ojo, M., & Olufemi, D. (2012). A SOCIOLOGICAL REVIEW OF ISSUES ON JUVENILE DELINQUENCY. Journal… [END OF PREVIEW]

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