Kinesiology -- Human Kinetics Dunking Term Paper

Pages: 5 (2279 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 5  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Anatomy


Both feet should be on the ground about a feet away from the hoop.

Hold the ball with both hands and jump as high as you can.

Extend the arms and push the ball through the basket.

Land softly on your feet and get back into the game.

This model can be used as a basis for designing a dunking lesson plan for students. Each student should be asked to do each step. The trainer should check if they adhere to the model and should work with them in areas where they need improvement.

Kinesiology Principles Used in Dunking

The major kinesiology principles used in this action are extension, supination, pronation and flexion. When the player is leaping in the air through the single take-off or double take-off method, he or she should extend his arms and legs so that they can be airborne. While being airborne, they use the principles of flexion to hold the ball with their hands. The elbow is flexed to give them the balance to hold and some players even flex their knees to continue being in the air. While dunking the ball, they use the principles of pronation and supination. The hand is in a supine position, i.e., facing upwards when the ball moves into the basket and in a pronation position, i.e., facing downwards at the time of dunking.

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The trainer should work on these different principles with the students and should come up with various activities that will help them get the flexibility needed for them to perform these movements. The exact height to which each player can jump depends to a large extent on the height and weight of the player. In general, a tall and lean player can jump higher than a short and stocky player. In this step, the trainer should work with the student to identify how many inches that the player has to jump so that he or she has the entire palm above the ring.

TOPIC: Term Paper on Kinesiology -- Human Kinetics Dunking Assignment

Flexibility is important while dunking because it helps the player to perform a wide range of motions. Upper body and lower body stretches and strength training can help players to achieve the required levels of flexibility. (Robert & Victor, 1979). They also need to do weight training to strengthen their muscles in the arms and forearms so that a tight grip on the ball can be maintained and they have enough power to dunk the ball into the basket. These exercises should be an important part of the lesson plan.

Tips on using kinesiology principles in lesson plan

Below are some tips that can help the trainer to incorporate kinesiology principles and help the student to become masters in dunking.

Evaluation of performance at every step is important. In general, the evaluation plan can be divided into three distinct components and they are the expected behavior of the student, the conditions under which this behavior is expected and the performance level of the student (Redmond, Foran & Dwyer, 2009). In this case, behavior will be the dunking of the ball in the hoop while the condition will be the location of other players on the field, their defense abilities and the proximity of the basketball ring. The performance level is the number of times the player dunks the ball consistently. With this as the basis, the trainer should work with the students to try different positions and angles and also change the location and tactics of the other players. This can make the player proficient in the art of dunking.

The students can practice on hoops kept at a lower height and they can gradually increase the height as they become more proficient.

Starting with a small ball such as a tennis ball and moving on to larger balls is a better idea because it will help the students to understand the principles well.

Dunking should be done with one hand and then, both hands can be tried.

It is a good idea to use many video sessions of top NBA players to give students a better idea of how to dunk.

These tips can go a long way in creating a lesson plan that will teach students to learn the process of dunking.


Hoffman, Shirl. (2009). Introduction to Kinesiology: Studying Physical Activity. Illinois: Human Kinetics.

Redmond, Kevin; Foran, Andrew; Dwyer, Sean. (2009). Quality Lesson Plans for Outdoor Education. Illinois: Human Kinetics.

Milner, Clare. (2008). Functional Anatomy for Sport and Exercise. Kentucky: Taylor & Francis.

Pangrazi, Robert; Dauer, Victor. (1979). Lesson Plans for Dynamic Physical Education for Elementary School Children. Minneapolis: Burgess Publishing Company.

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APA Style

Kinesiology -- Human Kinetics Dunking.  (2011, April 28).  Retrieved September 21, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Kinesiology -- Human Kinetics Dunking."  28 April 2011.  Web.  21 September 2021. <>.

Chicago Style

"Kinesiology -- Human Kinetics Dunking."  April 28, 2011.  Accessed September 21, 2021.