What King Midas Did for the Phrygians Essay

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29 Nov 2016. http://www.ancientanatolia.com/historical/phrygian_period.htm]

The Phrygians believed in the spirit known to the Greeks as Cybele -- the Great Mother whom the Phrygians worshipped in the wooded hills of their land. Her animal was the lunar bull and it is this representation of the bull that is found in the Bronze Cauldron with Bull Head Attachments displayed at the King Midas exhibit. The Phrygians honored their Earth Mother by adorning their creations with the bull. The Greeks also did the same, building temples to Athena and Zeus. The Phrygian customs were very similar.

As the artifacts indicate, the Phrygians lived in the Bronze Age: the Bowls with Lifting Handles, Bowls with Swiveling Ring Handles, Spouted Bowl with Handle, Ladle, Fibulae, Globular Jugs with Trefoil Mouth, Side-Spouted Sieve Jug, and Omphalos Bowls were all bronze creations that showed the mastery of the Phrygians over this earthy metal. These various bowls and jugs were used at important festivities, ceremonies and funerals, whenever a great number of people were gathered together to be served.

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As it was the custom in the land they settled, the Phrygians embraced worship of the God Mother and participated in the rites of the religious celebration centering on the cult of Cybele, which took place out of doors -- much like the cult of Bacchus of the Greeks, though likely without the orgiastic festivities associated with the bacchanal.[footnoteRef:6] [6: Oliver Gurney, "Anatolian religion," Britannica. 29 Nov 2016. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Anatolian-religion/Religions-of-successor-states#ref559622]

Essay on What King Midas Did for the Phrygians Assignment

The Phrygians were noteworthy for their metallurgic works and for their dominance of the Anatolia region in the 8th century BC prior to their destruction by the Cimmerians. Stories of the Phrygians are best represented by the Midas tales, which were told by the Greeks and saved for posterity by successive generations. These tales included the "golden touch," in which everything Midas touched turned to gold. The good times enjoyed by the Phrygians during their height are reflected in the artifacts preserved and celebrated in the Midas exhibition. And the culture of the Phrygians is also seen in some of the laws of the Greeks, who incorporated many characteristics, customs and traditions from neighbors into their own way of life. For example, the cult of Cybele and the religious customs that were part of the law of the land in Athens (where Athena was worshipped rather than Cybele, of course) correspond with the customs of the Phrygians.

The Plaster cast Head found in Anatolia also represents the Phrygian love of art, which the Athenians in Greece also celebrated. The Greeks are still known as some of the earliest progenitors of Western Art -- yet, here among the Phrygians can be found an even earlier progenitor -- the birth of the spark that fueled the Greeks during the height of their own artistic achievements, perhaps. Whatever the case may be, the Phrygians served as a rich collection of narratives, history, religious celebration, cult/rite, festivity, metallurgical work, and artistic construction -- all of which was passed on to the Grecian people through their close contact, whether in trade, diplomacy or battle. Such was the nature of the times and the nature of the peoples: passionate in fighting as well as in peace and worship. The Phrygians, like the Greeks, celebrated life and respected the gods who gave it them.


Aristotle, Politics, Book 1. 29 Nov 2016.


Gurney, Oliver. "Anatolian religion," Britannica. 29 Nov 2016.


Livius. "Phrygia." Ancient. 29 Nov 2016. http://www.ancient.eu/phrygia/

"Phrygian Period." Ancient Anatolia. 29 Nov 2016.


Zorzos, Gregory. The Iliad Homer Greek Phrygian Notes Logodynamics. Greece:

Domes, 2005. [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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