Law Enforcement, Corrections Capstone Project

Pages: 4 (1230 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 6  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Criminal Justice

¶ … Law Enforcement, Corrections, and the Court System in the United States

Outline of Issues, Policies and Problems Confronting Modern Law Enforcement, Corrections, and the Court System in the United States

Law Enforcement

Policy No. 1: Community Policing. This policy is explored further in the annotated bibliography that follows.

Shortage of Police Officers.

Corrections

Prison Overcrowding. This problem is explored further in the annotated bibliography that follows.

Issue No. 2: Private Prisons.

Court System

Issue No. 1: Juvenile Justice.

Overloaded Court System.

Policy No. 1: Community Policing

Brunschot, E.B. (2003, May). Community policing and "John schools." The Canadian Review

of Sociology and Anthropology, 40(2), 215-220.

Author examines prostitution offender programs in the context of Community Policing in practice and emphasizes the problems that can be expected when implementing and administering these types of programs, as well as the problems associated with community policing initiatives in general. The point is made that community policing does not have law enforcement as its core function and maintains that "there are times when, despite the technical requirements of the law, arrest is not the best choice."

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Ejiogu, K.U. (2010, June). Community policing: International patterns and comparative perspectives. African Journal of Criminology and Justice Studies, 4(1), 141-150.

Capstone Project on Law Enforcement, Corrections, and the Assignment

Author is a doctoral student at the Department of Administration of Justice's School of Public Affairs at Texas Southern University. Author reports that community policing as an alternative for policing reform has become increasingly popular in recent years, and a number of theoretical models and implementation strategies have been developed. The point is made that a global perspective of community policing involves two views: (1) a "top-down approach" of formal institutionalized policing in which community policing is formulated and provided by the state; and (2) "a bottom-up approach" comprised of informal policing wherein community policing is formulated by the communities themselves, with the latter approach frequently being more effective in developing nations.

Forman, J. (2004, Fall). Community policing and youth as assets. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 95(1), 1-7.

With more than 10 years of experience in the field, community policing has been hailed

as one of the most important innovations in modern law enforcement, alongside the telephone, automobile and two-way radio. Community policing has received the support of the past three presidential administrations, the U.S. Congress, all major American

police organization, as well as a majority of the American public. The positive outcomes that have been achieved using community policing to date, though, fall short of what could reasonably be expected to be accomplished if more young people were involved in these initiatives.

Liou, K.T. & Savage, E.G. (2008, Winter). Citizen perception of community policing impact.

Public Administration Quarterly, 20(2), 163-169.

This study evaluated the effect of community policing on the city of West Palm Beach,

Florida by analyzing citizens' perception of crime and police work in a before-and-after analysis of the implementation of a community-oriented policing program in three neighborhoods. Authors found that the public held highly positive views concerning community policing, including: (1) perception of decreased local crime, (2) increased perception of police performance, (3) neighborhood improvement, and (4) police-

community relationships.

Pfeifer, J. (2006, Spring). Developing effective community policing programs through a therapeutic jurisprudence model. Canadian Journal of Police and Security Services, 4(1),

22-29.

Author is an educator at the Department of Psychology, University of Regina, Regina,

Saskatchewan, Canada. The study indicates that there is an increasing disparity between how community policing is practiced in the field and the scientific examination and evaluation of the approach. Author emphasizes that the paucity of timely and relevant studies concerning the efficacy of community policing has called its use into question.

Consequently, there is a need for additional research concerning… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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