Learning Constructivist and Cognitive Theories Research Paper

Pages: 3 (1019 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 3  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Teaching

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Gradual development of concepts must be enacted through active reinforcement. Constructivists hence believe that creation of a zealous classroom environment abets the learning process better than any other strategy.

The next theory in question happens to be that of cognitivism. Cognitive theory entails that repetitive reinforcement is essential in enhancing the learning process and furthermore, positive feedback is equally important in encouraging the student to repeat correct responses. The Cognitive perspective emphasizes imparting knowledge associated with different subject matters. The cognitive theory looks at how information travels from being received at the sensory level to being retained in the long-term memory. This simply means that after initial attention has been gained, constant rehearsal cements the concepts in the learner's mind. The focus is to grasp the student's attention through various interactive methods such as the usage of props and visual representations. So in a way cognitivism depends upon pre-prepared aesthetics to add to the classroom, as opposed to hanging all hopes on post-experience techniques. (Mergel, 1998)Download full Download Microsoft Word File
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Research Paper on Learning Constructivist and Cognitive Theories Assignment

There are three basic assumptions associated with cognitive theory. Firstly, great emphasis is laid upon designing an environment which is conducive to learning; this means that engaging the student's interest is considered half the work. Secondly, conceptual development ought to be carried out via sequential concept building, hence it is imperative to organize lectures and activities in a progressive manner. And thirdly, it is important to garner explicit attention to generality as opposed to individual perceptions; this should create a sense of general treatability. (Greeno, Collins, & Resnick) This basically means that the prime focal point in the cognitive approach to learning is continuous reiteration, accomplished with the help of preparing a classroom in as organized a manner and aiming to seize the student's attention at the very grass root level. Cognitive theorist propose that stimulating a learner at the onset of a lecture will help in building concepts in as organized a way as possible, which in turn will go a long way in helping them learn as well as preserve.

Conclusively, both theories are aimed at sharpening the mind of the learner: helping a learner not only understand a concept but also conserve it for proper application. Also both theories gyrate around the need to design an effective classroom environment which boosts the learning attitude. They discuss the interaction of imparted knowledge and practical execution and lay great emphasis on long-term application as well. However, it is equally pertinent to note that there are quintessential dissimilarities between the two theories. Constructivism simulates learning through experience, whereas cognitivism approaches learning the other way round. Constructivism prefers teaching through activities and cognitivism prefers teaching through reinforcement. Regardless of the differences, both theories must be applied together in order to attain maximum results.

Works Cited

Cooperstein, S.E., & Kocewar-Weidinger, E. (2004). Beyond Active Learning: A Constructvist Approach to Learning. References Services Review, 32. Retrieved February 2013

Greeno, J.G., Collins, A.M., & Resnick, L.B. (n.d.). Cognition and Learning. Retrieved February 2013

Mergel, B. (1998). Instructional Design and Learning Theory. University of Saskatchewan,… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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