Research Paper: Legal Process There Are Several Federal Laws

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Legal Process

There are several federal laws that prohibit employment-related discrimination on the basis of a disability. Violations often include things related to hiring, reasonable accommodations, training, advancement, benefits, or dismissal, or a range of other employment-related matters. People who think that they have been discriminated against should evaluate their situations and then take actions that are deemed appropriate. The first step is to look at the laws that forbid employment-related discrimination on the foundation of disability. The primary law is: Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) prohibits private sector employers and state and local government agencies that employ 15 or more individuals from discriminating against qualified individuals with disabilities in all aspects of employment (What to Do If You Think You Have Been Discriminated Against, 2002).

The second step is to attempt to resolve the problem at the lowest level possible. Current employees should talk about the situation with their own supervisors and with upper level management. One should try to figure out whether the employer has a policy for resolving these conflicts internally. Many companies have put into place an official Alternate Dispute Resolution (ADR) procedure. This means that the parties concerned agree to follow specific guidelines in an attempt to avoid costly, time-consuming legal battle. Section 513 of the ADA encourages the use of ADR, naming settlement negotiations, conciliation, facilitation, mediation, fact-finding, materials, and arbitration as examples. The rules implementing WIA Section 188 require that covered entities provide ADR as an option for resolving discrimination grievances. The third step if the problem remains unresolved, the individual may consider filing a complaint with the appropriate government agency or seeking legal advice (What to Do If You Think You Have Been Discriminated Against, 2002).

Mediation is a casual and confidential way for people to determine disputes with the help of a neutral mediator who is trained to help people discuss their problems. The mediator does not come to a decision about who is right or wrong or issue a decision. As an alternative, the mediator helps the parties come to their own solutions. One of the best benefits of mediation is that it lets people to resolve problems in a friendly way and in a way that meets their own unique desires. A dispute can be resolved faster through mediation than any other method. It usually takes about three months to resolve a problem through mediation. It can take 6 months or longer for an incident to be investigated. Mediation is fair, proficient and can help the parties avoid a lengthy investigation that often leads to litigation (Mediation, n.d.).

Not long after an allegation is filed with the EEOC, they will contact both the employee and employer to see if they are interested in participating in mediation. The choice to mediate is totally voluntary. If either party turns down mediation, the allegation will be sent to an investigator. If both parties agree to undergo mediation, it will be scheduled and conducted by a skilled and knowledgeable mediator. If the parties do not come to an agreement during mediation, the allegation will be investigated like any other charge. A written signed agreement attained during mediation is enforceable in court just like… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Legal Process There Are Several Federal Laws.  (2010, August 15).  Retrieved September 17, 2019, from

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"Legal Process There Are Several Federal Laws."  15 August 2010.  Web.  17 September 2019. <>.

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"Legal Process There Are Several Federal Laws."  August 15, 2010.  Accessed September 17, 2019.