Les Demoiselles D'avignon" by Picasso, Explain Cubism Term Paper

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¶ … les demoiselles d'Avignon" by Picasso, explain cubism in it and discuss the idea and techique of "collage in devolopment of modern art.

Cubism was a movement developed between 1907 and 1914. It had its origins in France and its main exponents were Pablo Picasso, Georges Braques, and Juan Gris. Cubism treats the shapes of nature through geometric figures, representing all the parts of an object in one single plane. It is considered to be the first movement to deny the last element remaining from Renaissance academy: the perspective.

It freed the world of art of any compromise with realistic representation. In spite of the revolutionary technique, the genres and subjects were not new in art: still nature, landscape, and portraits. Picasso creates a form of cubism almost monochrome. Colors were not the main interest at that time. The artists concentrated on the drawing of the shapes and the presentation of different planes.

Later Picasso and Braque used pieces of paper, applied directly over the painting, creating the collage, a technique that would develop the vanguard vision by introducing the use of external materials mixed on the flat composition.

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Pablo Picasso is considered one of the persons that most revolutionized the history of art. "Les demoiselles of Avignon" (oil on canvas) painted in 1907 was one of the most daring creations of the first decade of the XX century. This painting, that marked the beginning of his Black Period, is the key work to refer to cubism. It reveals a new point-of-view where Picasso eliminates all tradition, denying realism, the canons of depth and the classical ideal of the female body.

Term Paper on Les Demoiselles D'avignon" by Picasso, Explain Cubism Assignment

The entire composition is reduced to a group of angular planes, with no background or space perspective. The shapes are marked by light and dark lines. Five nude women are seen in the centre. On the lower part there is a still nature, typical of cubist preferred subjects, created by a group of fruits over a clothed table. This combination of many elements, that seemed put together on top of the flat background, reminds the collage fashion of contemporary art.

The two most cubist faces, that resemble masks, are clearly influenced by African art, that was beginning to be known in Europe around that time. They seem unnaturally colored as real masks, and present exaggerated features more caricaturist that portraitist. The two faces on the centre are inspired on medieval frescoes and primitive Iberian sculptures. The woman on the left resembles ancient Egyptian paintings, not only by her profile design, but the body posture: standing up, rigid, arms close to the body, one foot forward.

The long shapes of the figures show the influence of El Greco, and the structure of the composition resembles Cezanne's "Les Grandes Baigneuses" and Ingres's harem scenes. The dark, reddish tones used are typical of… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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