Term Paper: Life and Death and Freud

Pages: 4 (1474 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 2  ·  Topic: Mythology - Religion  ·  Buy This Paper

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[. . .] Nietzsche believed that every man and woman was both creature and creator. That is to say people are the direct product of the creation of some higher power and yet we are also God-like in our ability to create ourselves. Men and women are born with certain tendencies, all made from the same cloth and all born with the same benefits and deficits of character. The modifications we make by the choices we make will affect the version of human being we are at the end of our lives. As creators, we had a responsibility not only to ourselves, but to the rest of humanity as well. Morality is a social construct wherein the social majority determines what is right and what is wrong and judges the minority who do not hold onto the same beliefs as abnormal. Nietzsche felt that there is no inherent right or wrong, but accepted versions of these scenarios based on the culture in question (Peterson 252). He further believed then that morality had the potential to destroy individuality but that it also prevented people from descending into nihilism. If there is some value in the morality of the social system, then there is value in behaving to that society's standards. If, however, there is no meaning in the moral system, then there is no reason to obey rules or laws and the only thing to consider is the pursuit of the satisfaction of individual desires. Essentially, we create God so that we can enforce the social code. Freud echoed these sentiments in his own writing (Peterson 117). The existence of God cannot be proven, but the existence of an all-powerful being who can control every aspect of life on earth but then chooses to let evil happen did not make sense to these men. If such a being existed then surely life on the earth would not be as difficult and sufferings not as frequent and tyranny could not succeed.

Paul Ricoeur's writing is just one example of the understanding which occurred to educated peoples. Even if there was no God, the very idea of God was still viable because it reinforces the positive aspects of humanity and encourages the people who believe in this entity to behave better towards their fellow Men and women. He wrote that it was possible to be a Christian in the wake of Nietzsche and Freud, but impossible to believe that the stories written about in the Christian Bible should be taken as anything more than stories and allegories meant to persuade a society. To be considered Christian in the adjectival sense as opposed to be a Christian as a noun has to do with the actions of the individual. If a person acts as in a Christian manner, then this refers to humanitarianism (Peterson 252). A Christian is tasked with doing good works for their fellow men particularly within their own communities. They need to be nice to other people, to give to charity and when they find people who are in need, and in general follow the rules outlined in the Bible for proper behavior during one's lifetime. People can still practice this aspect of Christianity while at the same time accepting the unlikelihood of a single all-powerful God. Being knowledgeable, it is difficult to disregard the facts regarding religion, that there is no evidence to prove there is an all-knowing deity; far from it, there is plenty of evidence which disproves the biblical version of life on Earth. However what we can learn is that there is an importance within the fiction; so long as people because as adjectival Christians, then it is okay that noun Christians continue to exist and believe what they do. So long as their belief system makes them better people rather than leads them to acts of evil, which unfortunately has happened in the past, then the religion and the belief in God are worthy of practice.

Works Cited

Peterson, Michael, Hasker, William, Reichenbach, Bruce, & Basinger, David. Reason and Religious Belief: and Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion.… [END OF PREVIEW]

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