Research Proposal: Life Experience of Personal Care

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[. . .] Diabetes is reported as "twice as common in American Indian and Alaska Native communities as in the general population (15.3% compared with 7.3%), and it is steadily increasing." (NIAMS, 2006 in: National Association of Chronic Disease Directors, 2012, p.3)


The study conducted is to be a qualitative phenomenological study. Lester (2009) states "The purpose of the phenomenological approach is to illuminate the specific, to identify phenomena through how they are perceived by the actors in a situation. In the human sphere, this normally translates into gathering 'deep' information and perceptions through inductive, qualitative methods such as interviews, discussions and participant observation, and representing it from the perspective of the research participant(s). Phenomenology is concerned with the study of experience from the perspective of the individual, 'bracketing' taken-for-granted assumptions and usual ways of perceiving. Epistemologically, phenomenological approaches are based in a paradigm of personal knowledge and subjectivity, and emphasize the importance of personal perspective and interpretation. As such they are powerful for understanding subjective experience, gaining insights into people's motivations and actions, and cutting through the clutter of taken-for-granted assumptions and conventional wisdom." (p.1) Giorgi holds that the operative word in phenomenological research is 'describe' as the researcher's aim is to describe "as accurately as possible the phenomenon, refraining from any pre-given framework, but remaining true to the facts." (Groenwald, 2004 ) The philosophy of Husserl on phenomenology is reported to have "provided a point of departure for Alfred Schulz who turned it 'toward the ways in which ordinary members of society attend to their everyday lives." (Groenwald, 2004) Van Manen (1997) translated the words of Van den Berg who captured the essence of phenomenology stating as follows:

"[Phenomena] have something to say to us -- this is common knowledge among poets and painters. Therefore, poets and painters are born phenomenologists. Or rather, we are all born phenomenologists; the poets and painters among us, however, understand very well their task of sharing, by means of word and image, their insights with others -- an artfulness that is also laboriously practiced by the professional phenomenologist." (Groenwald, 2004)

The core idea of phenomenological research is reported to be the fact that the analysis "does not start with the objective world 'out there', as is the case in the natural sciences and is such of the social sciences as well, but with 'mental directedness' or that which the mental is about or directed to." (Aspers, 2009, p.3)

Ethical Issues

Ethical issues in phenomenological research are addressed through obtaining a signed informed consent by participants in the study. The informed consent that will be signed by all participants is included in this document as Appendix A to the study.

Research Design

The study proposed herein this document is to be in the nature of a qualitative phenomenological research study, which examines the experience of personal care assistants in Anchorage, Alaska who have cared for older adults.


Data Collection & Analysis


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McBride, M.R. & Lewis, I.D. (2004). African-American and Asian-American elders: An ethnogeriatric perspective.… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Cite This Research Proposal:

APA Format

Life Experience of Personal Care.  (2013, January 16).  Retrieved June 15, 2019, from

MLA Format

"Life Experience of Personal Care."  16 January 2013.  Web.  15 June 2019. <>.

Chicago Format

"Life Experience of Personal Care."  January 16, 2013.  Accessed June 15, 2019.