Management and Organisational Behaviour the Past Few Essay

Pages: 5 (1499 words)  ·  Style: Harvard  ·  Bibliography Sources: 5  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Business - Management

Management and Organisational Behaviour

The past few decades have been characterized by various changes on multiple organizational levels. And a most relevant such change is the development of a strong corporate culture that integrates all shareholders and has them working together as to sustain the organization in reaching its overall objectives. Compared to half a century ago, the ultimate goal of an economic entity remains the registration of increased profits, but today, they strive to achieve this by ensuring full customer and employee satisfaction, increased value to the shareholder and the development of the communities where the organizations operate. In other words, the operational activities within companies have changed and adapted to various forces in the micro and macro environments. Similarly, the managerial approach has also changed in response to a multitude of factors, the most common of which being the individual behavior of employees.

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The list of examples as to how has individual behavior impacted the overall managerial operations within corporate entities is endless and it reveals examples from a variety of situations. For instance, the individual behavior can be described in that the employee will work harder if he is presented with the possibility of additional gains. As such, the managerial team has come up with incentive plans that stimulate the worker to increase his performances and better sustain the organization in reaching its overall goals. A specification that must be made here is that the individuals do not function as a homogenous group, but that inside the group, the employees are driven by various forces. For instance, one could be motivated by an increased salary; another on the other hand could be stimulated by a flexible schedule that allows him to spend more time with his family; another employee could be stimulated by the possibility of occupying a better paid position, with more responsibilities and more rewards. All in all, this goes to show that the individual demands of each employee have the capacity to influence the managerial and organizational behavior within the economic entity.

Essay on Management and Organisational Behaviour the Past Few Assignment

To respond to these individual needs of the staff members, the management teams at various organizations have clearly analyzed the four primary motivational theories and have tried to adapt the corporate affairs to the motivational factors discussed by Abraham Maslow, Frederick Herzberg, David McClelland and Victor Vroom.

Abraham Maslow - Hierarchy of Needs

Maslow's theory divides the human needs into a pyramid of five levels. The first level contains the physiological needs, such as clothing, eating or housing. The second level contains the safety and security needs. The third one refers to the needs of belonging to a group. The fourth level refers to the needs of being respected and having one's merits recognized. Finally, the fifth level is that of self-actualization, meaning that the individual desires to continually evolve, reach its maximum and become the best at what he does.

In response to these individual needs, organizational managers have implemented a wide series of strategies that increase employees' satisfaction and ensure their high performances. For instance, the simple wage is aimed to satisfy the first two categories of needs. Then, the creation of a strong corporate culture to integrate all staff members is aimed to satisfy the third type of needs.

Frederick Herzberg - Dual Factor Theory

Herzberg and his collaborators divided the employees' needs into two categories: the first is called motivators and refers to the actual forces which increase the employee's satisfaction, whereas the second category, called the hygienes, refer to those factors which only prevent dissatisfaction. Under the category of motivators, Herzberg included "achievement, recognition, work itself, responsibility (and) advancement" (Stuart-Kotze, 2008). Under the hygienes category, he included the "company policy and administration, working conditions, supervision, interpersonal relations, money, status (and) security" (Stuart-Kotze, 2008).

Corporate managers paid close attention to these individual forces and integrated them within organizational affairs in the form of creating a pleasant working environment, which stimulates collaboration, but also competition.

David McClelland - the Need for Achievement

Harvard professor David McClelland was intensely dedicated to the study of achievement, as the ultimate motivational force within any organization. He divided this need into a need for power and a need for affiliation. The results indicated the main characteristics of the organization man: hard working, success oriented, willing to sacrifice personal features and finally, fair, correct and revealing a strong sense of justice.

Victor Vroom - Expectancy Theory

Vroom's theory states that an individual within an economic entity is primarily driven by the future possibility… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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