Management for Organizations Term Paper

Pages: 8 (2328 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 8  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Junior  ·  Topic: Business - Management

Industries

Management for Organizations

Often thought to be the heart and soul of this nation's economy, businesses within the manufacturing industry produce every day, ordinary goods on an enormous level. These businesses characteristically partake in very labor intensive productions and employ a great number of people, who are in effect the farmers of industrialization. Labor Unions, raw materials, up-and-coming markets, and globalization are things that are familiar to most of the businesses within the manufacturing industry. Manufacturing industries are the principal wealth producing divisions of the economy. These industries utilize a variety of technologies and techniques widely known as manufacturing process management (Manufacturing Industry, n.d.). Because of the vast amount of manufacturing that takes place in this country it is a much respected field to work in.

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"Manufacturing industries are broadly categorized into engineering industries, construction industries, electronics industries, chemical industries, energy industries, textile industries, food and beverage industries, metalworking industries, plastic industries, transport and telecommunication industries" (Manufacturing Industry, n.d.). Manufacturing industries are significant for an economy as they utilize an enormous share of the labor force and produce materials essential by sectors of strategic significance such as national infrastructure and defense. Yet, not all manufacturing industries are useful to a country as some of them produce pessimistic externalities with massive social costs. The expense of letting such industries thrive may even go beyond the benefits that are produced by them (Manufacturing Industry, n.d.).

In order to keep workers in this field motivated the management of any company must develop a control system that is customized to its organization's goals and resources. Effective control systems share a number of common characteristics. These characteristics include:

TOPIC: Term Paper on Management for Organizations Assignment

A focus on critical points - for instance, controls are functional where malfunction cannot be accepted or where expenses cannot go beyond a definite amount. The serious points include all the areas of an organization's operations that straightforwardly affect the achievement of its key operations.

Integration into established processes - controls must work amicably within these processes and should not holdup operations.

Acceptance by employees - employee participation in the design of controls can augment reception.

Availability of information when needed - deadlines, time required to complete the project, costs linked with the project, and priority needs are obvious in these criteria. Costs are commonly attributed to time faults or failures.

Economic feasibility - effective control systems answer questions about expenses, savings and returns on investments. Assessment of the expenses to the benefits guarantees that the benefits of controls overshadow the expenses.

Accuracy - successful control systems provide accurate information that's helpful, dependable, applicable, and unfailing.

Comprehensibility - controls must be straightforward and easy to comprehend (Manufacturing Industry, n.d.)

Controlling is the process where managers watch and standardize how competently and successfully a company and its employees are performing the things essential to attain organizational goals. When planning and organizing, managers expand the organizational strategy and configuration that they hope will permit the company to utilize resources most efficiently to create value for customers. In controlling, managers watch and assess whether the company's strategy and arrangement are working as planned, how they could be enhanced, and how they might be altered if they are not working. Control, though, does not mean just responding to events after they have taken place. It also means keeping a company on track, predicting events that might happen, and then altering the company to respond to whatever opportunities or threats have been recognized. Control is concerned with keeping workers motivated, centered on the significant problems confronting the company, and functioning together to make the alterations that will assist the company perform better over time (Jones, 2010).

"Management control systems (MCS), involving tools such as budgets, variance reports, standard operating procedures, or performance-based remuneration or other techniques such as the balanced scorecard, seek to bring commonality of goals and process coordination within organizations" (Soobaroyen, 2006.). The necessitate for goal sharing and management of activities and functions has become progressively more significant among companies in view of the mounting pressures on private businesses to become more competitive and profitable to satisfy the necessities of their stakeholders. On the other hand, government agencies and departments face new challenges from their own stakeholders, who command more streamlined and efficient operations. In this regard, public and private organizations equally are constantly reassessing their internal processes. These processes are a key part to an enhanced performance and efficiency, entailing more similarity between the various responsibility centers towards the company's aims and objectives (Soobaroyen, 2006.).

When controls are inflexible or control standards are difficult bad things start to happen. That's because people lose sight of the company's overall goals. Instead of the company running the controls, the controls can occasionally run the company. Because control systems don't watch everything, problems can happen when individual's or organizational units try to look good wholly on control measures. The consequence is something that is dysfunctional. More often than not, this dysfunction is caused by unfinished measures of performance. If the control system only look at the quantity of output people will pay no attention to quality. Likewise if the system measures actions rather than results people will spend their time trying to look good on the activity measures (The Dysfunctional side of control, 2010).

To avoid being reprimanded by manager's people often partake in behaviors that are intended solely to persuade data output during the control period. Rather than really performing well, workers may maneuver measures to give the facade that they are performing well. Evidence indicates that the exploitation of control data is not a random occurrence. It often depends on the significance of an activity. Organizationally significant activities are likely to make a difference in a person's rewards; thus incentive is high to look on those particular measures. When rewards are at stake, people tend to manipulate data to appear in a favorable light by twisting actual figures, highlighting success, and holding back evidence of failures. On the other hand, only chance errors have been found to take place when the distribution of rewards is unaltered (The Dysfunctional side of control, 2010).

Internal control processes consist of five interrelated components:

Control or working environment

Risk assessment

Control activities

Information and communication

Monitoring

All five of these internal control components must be in place in order to conclude that internal control is successful. The control environment is the control awareness of a company; it is the environment in which people carry out their activities and perform their control responsibilities. An effectual control environment is an environment where capable people comprehend their responsibilities, the restrictions to their power, and are well-informed, watchful, and dedicated to doing what is right and doing it the right way. They are devoted to following a company's policies and procedures and its ethical and behavioral principles. The control environment includes technical ability and ethical dedication; it is an intangible factor that is vital to effective internal control (Understanding Internal Controls, n.d.).

A governing board along with management improves a company's control situation when they set up and successfully communicate written rules and procedures, a code of ethics, and principles of conduct. Furthermore, a governing board and management improve the control surroundings when they perform in an ethical way, creating an upbeat tone at the top and when they necessitate that same standard of behavior from everyone in the company. Management is responsible for setting the nature for their company. Management should encourage a control environment that promotes:

the uppermost levels of honesty and individual and professional principles a leadership viewpoint and working style which endorse internal control all through the organization assignment of power and accountability (Understanding Internal Controls, n.d.).

Quality companies in every industry are being pushed to deliver to more and higher quality standards while also contributing to stronger overall organizational performance. Additionally, quality companies are changing due to consumer demands for:

outstanding product quality augmented regulations meticulous audits interior productivity goals

Given the challenging environment today, these companies tend to rely on benchmarking in order to recognize how to optimize their companies (The Cost of Quality: Benchmarking Enterprise Quality Management, 2007).

Manufacturing executives have conventionally looked at quality assurance as a mandatory line item in the expenditure of goods sold and that competitive advantages are simply not consequent from such activities. This view often relegated the role of quality management and the practitioners of such plans to the sidelines. Without executive leadership sponsoring synchronized companywide quality management programs, a lot of manufacturers end up making due with incoherent quality processes that left both regulators and consumers wanting more. Times have changed though and manufacturers are presently enjoying operational performance benefits due to the implementation of enterprise quality management strategies and technologies. These manufacturers are now centering on quality management initiatives as a source of competitive advantages while reacting to the market pressures to both lessen the expense of quality and advance completed product quality (The Cost of Quality: Benchmarking Enterprise Quality Management, 2007).

Quality is a measure of superiority in manufacturing. A characteristic… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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