Essay: Marxist or Neo-Marxist Research Theorist

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[. . .] Marx asserted that modern Industrial society (1848) is only different from past societies in that now the social order has been reduced down to two classes, the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. Marx believed that the state was in place only to protect the welfare of the bourgeoisie. Marx describes the antagonism between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat as ongoing and uninterrupted, sometimes overt, sometimes covert.

Max Weber was one of the critics of Karl Marx theory and he tried to completely refute his interpretation and notion of class and class conflict and power. Marx's Communist Manifesto is grounded in the idea of equality and social justice. These are noble ideas. Practically these ideas have not prospered because, I believe, the nature of man and government is to protect their own self-interest regardless of the consequences to others.

Mao Zedong

Marxism identifies only 2 types of production, Two types of production can be used, human and material. These two aspects have interrelation and they depend on each other. However, Mao tried to prove that such an interrelation is not essential. In his opinion both types of production should be included in the economic plan. He also took care and observed the process of population growth. Initially, China's post-1949 leaders were ideologically disposed to view a large population as an asset. Mao said an army of people is invincible. During Mao's rule, from 1949 to 1976, China's population increased from around 550 to over 900 million people. Mao believed that family planning should be integrated as a part of the overall plan for the development of the national economy, and that people should learn how to manage material production and how to manage themselves.


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APA Format

Marxist or Neo-Marxist Research Theorist.  (2011, March 29).  Retrieved December 7, 2019, from

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"Marxist or Neo-Marxist Research Theorist."  29 March 2011.  Web.  7 December 2019. <>.

Chicago Format

"Marxist or Neo-Marxist Research Theorist."  March 29, 2011.  Accessed December 7, 2019.