Term Paper: Mass Tourism on the Culture

Pages: 8 (2840 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 1+  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Recreation  ·  Buy This Paper

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[. . .] This is different from other places where tourism is just one component in an integrated economy, and there is a sense of relief and freshness when the season comes. Due to size considerations, the impact of tourism on Ibiza is felt more than other destinations. Tourist contact is high and interactive thus resulting in positive and negative outcomes. There is an opportunity for positive learning, but the dangers of blindly following are more in Ibiza where the local community, especially the young, adopts the less desirable attitudes and behaviors from the visitors. The employment benefits are also sometimes low skilled. In academic terms, the island tourism represents a major microcosm of the cultural, social, economic and environmental issues that face tourist development. Ibiza's tourism also contributes to a growing study internationally of sustainable tourism. (Ibiza Island Tourism)

The eco tax as discussed earlier was conceptualized with a way to reduce this negative impact on Ibiza. The environment goals that have degraded can be achieved, the quality of the environment can be studied and improved upon, they are also a source of revenue, and can even bring a positive lifestyle change to the locals who complain about noisy tourists. Whether they will have negative effects on the competitiveness of the destination remains to be seen. But the ecotax continues to be a source of debate among both the Ibiza public and the hoteliers. It has since become difficult to implement. The burden of tax collection has fallen on the shoulders of the hoteliers, who resent that tourists who stay in apartments or small villas do not have to pay it. Directly, this affects their clientele and income generation. (Spain Ibiza Tax Update)

If you look at the effect of mass tourism on the economy, in Ibiza, the history of mass tourism also needs to be understood. This grew in the post world wars, through the availability of standardized vacations offered to tourists searching for a relaxing holiday. During this period, in all places, tourism grew akin to the mass production that was present in industries. Economies of scale and standardization were the keystones. Even tour operators to Ibiza are concentrated in North European markets. They control the whole of tourism planning and the island's image creation. The economy profits from not only revenue in the form of money but also a brand image. The hotel accommodation, which is subject to local inflation, is only 40% of the total holiday price. Most tourists to Ibiza are pleasure seekers. They experience the idleness of beach vacation, and enjoy gastronomic delights. Marketing experts and the tourism industry package fabricated resources. These illusions, however, sometimes conflict with reality.

Ordinary people pursuing their everyday business and labor, find that the tourist industry has changed their work patterns, the behavior, interpersonal relationships and expectations, and the social costs are thus, high. Many feel excluded from their fair share of the financial gains; experience the exploitation of the discussed natural resources, environment, social downslides such as prostitution and drugs. On the other hand, the tourism in Ibiza drives growth, creates jobs, and gives the necessary infrastructure that is badly needed. It also has improved the economy's competitiveness. But agriculture, traditional economic activities including export of primary agricultural products, has taken a back seat. (Tourism in Ibiza a lesson)

The national government has encountered problems in carrying out its industrial and agricultural development due to much needed infrastructure development to maintain the tourism status. There is limited investment since the attraction is not technology or services. The core industry has been forced upon the island as tourism. There has been a structural transformation since the tourism sector has increased the island's share of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Despite fluctuations worldwide, it has remained relatively stable in Ibiza. The tourism and the environment on the island are interdependent. Ibiza is particularly sensitive to economic concerns since as an island; it is dependent on the fragile natural resources. It shelters large portions of plant bio-diversity, and hosts numerous marine terrestrial habitats. (Tourism in Ibiza a lesson)

The effect is felt more on the physical scene. They include pollution of the coastal waters and other marine resources, coastal erosion, land erosion, deforestation, and the increase in waste production. The tourists place a higher demand on land and water resources than the locals. The social and cultural impact is more felt in the changes in the norms and value systems adopted by the locals and their individual behavior. There have been marked changes in their lifestyle, creative expressions, traditional communities etc. There is also a disparity since the clubs and resorts are located outside the local community's area. With little interaction between the tourists and locals, the perceptions of the island's people regarding the tourists are varied. The locals perceive them as wealthy due to their spending habits and lifestyle, and sometimes exploit them. (Tourism in Ibiza a lesson)

The water quality in Ibiza has taken the turn for the worst, through the construction and maintenance of tourist infrastructure, recreational boating, beach activities etc. The tourist infrastructure peaks during summer, when the existing sewage treatment plants overflow due to the enormous pressure. The airport itself has become a source of congestion and pollution. For people coming here to the attraction of an alternative lifestyle and some serenity, this is not the place they would rather be in. The tourism magnet has drawn to such an extent today that if one should mention the name of Ibiza, all one can think of are sex, drugs and parties. This is not the real Ibiza; the real island is a mirage of different worlds. Most of the tourists have no idea of this reality of the island they come to, to drink and make merry, and few realize the invasions they have made and what the island has to put up with while they are here.

Uncontrolled tourism has been a boon and a bane, while bringing roads, infrastructure, and education, health care and destroying part of the island's natural, economic and cultural systems. Tourism and related aspects have developed so rapidly in Ibiza that the inhabitants themselves began to fight back. In 1990, a coalition group of local environmental groups managed to wrest control from the political setup based there. From humble beginnings, the way tourism has turned to today, it has turned much of the local population, mentally against its present form although being forced by circumstances, and they have to endure it all. (Tourism in Ibiza a lesson)

Ibiza did not become an international tourist spot by chance, its land, beaches, scenery have brought it the fame it has acquired now. Despite there being a negative impact more than a positive one by the tourism industry, it still is a wonderful place for those who enjoy nature and the sea. The cultural heritage of the islands owes its wealth and originality to factors, which are similar to those of environmental heritage. The wealth of the linguistic, architectural and cultural heritage of the island regions still remains the center of tourist attractions. It is up to the locals and the tourists to relate together and enjoy the island. The negative outlook that it has acquired must be countered with the positive changes that can happen. For Ibiza's growth, it is not only an economic growth that should occur but cultural and social changes also need to take place.

References

Ibiza Information" Retrieved at http://www.ibiza.world-guides.com/. Accessed on 10 May 2004.

Tourism and Environment on the Island of Ibiza" Retrieved at http://www.ecociencia.com/tourism.htm. Accessed on 10 May '2004.

Tourism and Biodiversity" Retrieved at http://www.ukotcf.org/pdf/calpe/calpe125-144.pdf. Accessed on 10 May '2004.

Ibiza Uncovered" Retrieved at http://www.drugtext.org/library/articles/bellis.htm. Accessed on 10 May '2004.

Ibiza Island tourism" Retrieved at http://www.merger.demon.co.uk/icis/islander/issue3/tbaum.htm. Accessed on 10 May '2004.

Spain Ibiza Tax Update" Retrieved at http://www.foes-ev.de/GBNnews2/3artikel3.html. Accessed on 10 May '2004.

Tourism in Ibiza a lesson" Retrieved at http://communitycauldron.com/archives/kaufman.html. Accessed on 10 May '2004. [END OF PREVIEW]

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