Meaning of Baptism Term Paper

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Baptism is a sacrament practiced in most Christian denominations. According to Anonymous (2005) "views of baptism vary, but common views of the rituals include: it grants or symbolizes salvation, commemorates Christ's death and resurrection, fulfills the command of Jesus to baptize, cleanses away sins, confers grace, and publicly expresses one's faith." This important Christian sacrament originated with Judaism. Porter (2008) explains that before worshippers who were considered unclean could enter the temple, they had to be cleansed. Worshippers could be considered unclean as a result of touching an unclean person, dealing with the dead or diseased, or being intimate with a woman who was menstruating. Individuals who wanted to worship brought offerings such as doves or lambs to the priest who administered the cleansing rite by washing the unclean person in the waters, oils, and perfumes at the temple (Porter, 2008). The worshipper was then considered clean and allowed to enter the temple. Shaw (2003) explains that "Jesus was baptized by John the Baptist in the River Jordan; after Jesus emerged from the water, the Holy Spirit descended upon him, in the form of a dove, and the voice of God spoke from heaven, declaring Jesus to be 'my well-beloved son'." As a result Christians are now baptized in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Shaw (2003) adds that according to Matthew's gospel, Jesus commanded his disciples to baptize thus in his post-resurrection appearance to them in Galilee. According to The Columbia Encyclopedia, the baptism of Jesus is considered part of the founding of the Christian Church.

Porter (2008) explains that baptisms continued in the early Christian Church typically involved large groups of people who were immersed nude in a river. Converts were assisted into the river by two priests, baptized by two other priests, and assisted out of the water on the other side of the river and into a white robe by two additional priests. The priests represented the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, and the emerging from the river represented… [END OF PREVIEW]

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https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/meaning-baptism/1734949.