Media Bias a Liberal Society Term Paper

Pages: 9 (4148 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 16  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Communication - Journalism

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The findings has close association to the conclusions drawn by Lichter/Rothman analysis so as to prove that the media person are more significantly liberal and even more liberal than the general public. Ever since the conclusions several other findings were also made to confirm that the journals are more liberal than the common man. (The Media Elite) In 1996, a survey of Washington Journalists has fastened the splitting as 61% of liberals and 9% of conservatives. (Media Bias)

A report made by Pew Center in July 2003 depicts that 53% have faith on the political orientation of the news agencies, more than double opine about the liberal attitude of the news agencies that constitute about 51% in comparison to that support the 'conservative' views. (Bozell Meticulously Documents Leftward Tilt in Weapons of Mass Distortion Dissecting Liberal Media Bias) The recent analysis made by Pew Research Center for the People further reveals that the medial personnel with political and ideological orientation are more liberal in comparison to the general public. Responding to the survey, some opposed that the personal social and political views have no difference if a reporter plays the story straight. It is correct. However, about fifty percent of the surveyed put forth that the media personnel more often allow their ideological opinions shade their work. (Media Bias) The Lichter survey revealed that the media is inclined to be more educated than the general public. Innumerable studies have revealed that higher education, higher IQs, liberal ideologies and secular faiths all considerably are interrelated to each other. (The Media Elite)Download full Download Microsoft Word File
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Term Paper on Media Bias a Liberal Society Assignment

While an editor resort to the education as the basis for employing best talent that is available to him, it is quite evident that other attributes are also associated with it. Unluckily, however, these interpretations are only overviews. It is even possible for the liberal media to be lured by the money and power of corporation, as all too many 'limousine liberals' have resorted to. The first thing to witness about the most popular journalists irrespective of their political affiliation is their salaries. Every year Diane Sawyer earns $8 million, while Ted Koppel rests with $5 million, David Brinkley with $1 million, George Will with 1.5 million, Cokie Roberts with $700,000. Such remunerations count them among the top one percent of America. This is in consonance with the view that wealth of the top one percent in holds about 40% of total American wealth. These significant media personalities are employed in the central locations like Washington DC and New York City, where they have much interaction with the political as well as business stalwarts. (The Media Elite)

Irrespective of such advantages, however, the mode of orientation of the rigid journalists toward left was revealed by S. Robert Lichter and then with George Washington University, in his astounding survey of 1980 on the media elite. The conclusions of Lichter were theoretical established by the 1988 and 1997 surveys conducted by American Association of Newspaper Editors - ASNE. The most recent surveys conducted by ASNE on 1037 newspaper reporters revealed about 61% who identified themselves as leaning conservative or Republican. (Media Bias Basics) Moreover a more concerned assessment necessitates quantification of the output forwarded by the media. The best study in this direction was pointed out to be the continuous analysis ' A Measure of Media Bias' of Professor Tim Groselclose of UCLA and Jeffrey Milyo of the University of Missouri. An effective statistical device is utilized by such researchers to devise an objective measure of the conservative or liberal bias evident in the news coverage in the U.S. media like television telecasts, radio broadcastings, newspapers, magazines and the Internet. The liberal orientation of the common media is evident from the findings of the studies so conducted. The Fox News and the Washington Times are growing to be increasingly conservative among the 20 major media papers while the other eighteen are inclined towards considerably left of the center. (Bias beyond a Reasonable Doubt- Issue: Yes, the media are overwhelmingly liberal)

The analytical method employed by the Groseclose and Milyo started not with the media but with the voting records of the member of Congress. They utilize the popular ratings of the voting records exercised by the Americans for Democratic Actions -ADA, a self-narrated liberal organization. Firstly, they regulate the ADA ratings of the members for the 1990s to adhere to the comparability over time and between the House and Senate. The ADA score is measured with a scale comprising of scores 0-100 with the 0 indicating the voting of a legislator with the ADA 0% of the time while the 100 signifying 100% agreement. The researchers utilize the scores corresponding to the House ratings in 1999. On this scale, weighting the legislators by the average ADA score for 1995-99 in the House and Senate was 50.1. On this criterion the legislators of District of Columbia are regarded as the most liberal. (Bias beyond a Reasonable Doubt- Issue: Yes, the media are overwhelmingly liberal)

When the members of Congress represent the views of their constituencies it is regarded that they are as close to 50 that is similar to the position of the common voter. The most liberal senators like John Kerry begged about 88 ADA ratings, Ted Kennedy stood with 89%. The conservative group includes Bill Frist with 10, John McCain with 13. The results hovered around Joe Lieberman with 74, John Breaux with 60 and Arlen Specter with 51 and Olympia Snowe with 43.7%. (Bias beyond a Reasonable Doubt- Issue: Yes, the media are overwhelmingly liberal) Such conclusions humiliate many liberals initially; however, actually such observations are more awkward to conservatives when one considers the larger picture. It has always been a maxim that the institutions engaged most in disseminating the knowledge and information are considered to be more liberal. This the reason that universities, science, trading centers, world travelers and cities have always been considered to be more liberal than the average that makes the media to be more liberal. The knowledge attained tends to be more liberal and not conservative when the people attempt to explore the real world. This has become the truism that is associated with the whole of human history.

The of Peter Jennings of American Broadcasting Corporation was quoted by Brent Bozell a strong advocate of conservatism to opine about a more liberal persuasion of media traditionally and to say that ever since a long period of time it involves the more vigorous conservative voices than that it exists presently. It has shrewdly been observed by Bozell that Jennings and Liberals often note that there are now more conservative voices in the media and these are always the voices of commentators not reporters. Bozel opines about absence of the empirical evidence on remarkable growth of conservatism in the newsrooms. Moreover, the likes of Hillary Rodham Clinton and Al Franken publicize the canard of regulation by the conservatives in the news media. The liberals put forth the argument that the conservative business people own many newspapers and their endorsements of Republican presidential candidates depict their profound influence. (Bozell Meticulously Documents Leftward Tilt in Weapons of Mass Distortion Dissecting Liberal Media Bias)

This is considered true in some cases, but employing journalists most of whom are liberal. His claim about double standards is utilized to enhance the liberal social agenda. He takes the illustration of the beating to death of Matthew Shepard, a cheerful student of the University in Wyoming during 1998. For about a week the news came out in the headlines. However, the death of 13-year aged boy in consequence with games engaged in by two cheerful roommates after some months of the Shepherd incident were completely ignored by the media. Bozell constructs his case meticulously to depict the leftward inclination of the media in respect of taxation, environmental issues, gun control, religion and abortion. To illustrate he pointed out to the three broadcast network coverage of the tax proposals of Bush in January 2003. In between the January 2-15 during the year about 28 stories on the subject were found out by him and his colleagues on ABC, CBS and NBC. He revealed that the liberal hymn was repeated again and again about the intention of the tax proposals of Bush comforting only the rich. (Bozell Meticulously Documents Leftward Tilt in Weapons of Mass Distortion Dissecting Liberal Media Bias)

The liberal-dominated newsrooms are engaged in both print and broadcast; tune the news to their world view in two directions, choice of stories and reportorial treatment. Bozell points to the al-Qaeda attack of September 11, 2001 and war on Afghanistan and Iraq to exemplify this. (Bozell Meticulously Documents Leftward Tilt in Weapons of Mass Distortion Dissecting Liberal Media Bias) Moreover, the liberal wave is considerably emphasizing the aspects of a policy quite favorable to the liberals without noting aspects conducive to the conservatives; putting forth the liberal attitude of the implications of an event at the same time affording little or no time to… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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