Term Paper: Medical Marijuana Use Drugs

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[. . .] In patients with MS, marijuana is primarily used to treat lower urinary tract symptoms, including urge incontinence.16 Patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis reportedly use marijuana for analgesia, muscle relaxation, bronchodilation, saliva reduction, appetite stimulation, and sleep induction. Marijuana is also used in the treatment of various movement disorders including dystonia, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, and tics associated with Tourette's syndrome. Marijuana is also used to prevent seizures in patients with epilepsy and is believed to have neuroprotective properties. (Seamon et al., Medical marijuana, 2007)

In people who use marijuana for medical reasons, there are many affects. The marijuana seems to change the effect on the patient depending on the need of the patient. Two patients may be prescribed the same strain marijuana for different reasons/ailments, and perceive different (positive) effects as well. There are additionally a number of medical conditions for which marijuana use would be detrimental to the patient; thus it must be prescribed and treated like any other pharmaceutical. (Seamon et al., 2007)

Just as with most substances, there is a potential for harm and abuse. Marijuana is a substance that has the potential for medical assistance as well as the potential to wreak havoc on people's lives.

Heavy marijuana use can result in psychological dysfunction, affecting a person's ability to form memories, recall events, and focus. Acute toxic psychosis induced by marijuana may be characterized by hallucinations, delusions, depersonalization (a loss of the sense of personal identity or self-recognition), fear of dying, paranoia, anxiety, changes in mood (e.g., depression), and altered mental astuteness. Marijuana has been reported to cause dose-related impairments in cognitive and behavioral functions and may impair the ability to drive a motor vehicle or operate heavy machinery…In 1999, more than 200,000 Americans entered substance-abuse treatment due to marijuana use. It has been estimated that 10% of marijuana users are at risk of dependence.(Seamon et al., Medical marijuana, 2007)

This is the case with many drugs, whether they are narcotics, pharmaceuticals, or naturally occurring substances. Use of any drug should come after research and education, no matter the purposes. It does not seem likely to cause harm if people make informed decision whether regarding their health or their recreation with respect to drugs, including marijuana. Attitudes toward marijuana and marijuana continue to fluctuate in the United States. As time goes on, it becomes less possible to argue that there are no worthwhile benefits to marijuana use.


Okie, MD, S. (2005) Medical Marijuana and the Supreme Court. The New England Journal of Medicine, 353(7), 648 -- 651.

Seamon, M.J., Fass, J.A., Maniscalco-Feichtl, M., Abu-Shrarie, N.A. (2007) Medical marijuana and the developing role of the pharmacist.… [END OF PREVIEW]

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