Research Paper: Methodology of CBT

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[. . .] Studies of the efficiency of CBT for different disorders wanted to seek answers to common questions. Researchers explore whether CBT is an effective therapy method for a particular disorder through "open-label" trials, where all participants in the study receive CBT and change is analyzed from before to after treatment. If the treatment is demonstrated to be effective, it is vital to determine its long-term effectiveness once therapy sessions have ended (Roth, Eng,&Heimberg, 2002) . The article delves into the efficacy of CBT for a variety of disorders. First is mood disorders, CBT have not been shown to particularly effective over any other therapy treatment. A study conducted by the National Institutes of Mental Health showed that CBT was only slightly more effective than interpersonal psychotherapy and tricyclic antidepressants for mild depression but less effective for more severe cases (Roth, Eng,&Heimberg, 2002). For anxiety disorders, CBT is seen as the primary treatment of choice and has been used for years. In the case of bulimia nervosa, CBT has been associated with reductions in negative behaviors and negative though processes (Phillips & Rogers, 2011). CBT, like in anxiety disorders, has proven to be effective in the long-term, implying that clients learn to apply the principles after treatment has ended. CBT has also been used to treat alcohol disorders, successful treatments have been created by applying the foundation of CBT. The goal is not abstinence but moderation, by engaging in self-monitoring and understanding the motives behind drinking, learning ways to reduce drinking, and adapting coping mechanisms.

CBT is an effective treatment for several disorders but it is not perfect. It misperceives the symptoms of the disorder with the causes. Also, CBT studies are not double-blind. The patient is an active member in correcting their negative thoughts; therefore they are aware of the treatment they are receiving. According to Berger (2013), a recent meta-analysis examined the effectiveness of CBT when placed control and blindness were taken into consideration, the study concluded several factors: 1. CBT is no better than non-specific control interventions in the treatment of schizophrenia and does not reduce relapse rates 2. CBT is not effective for the prevention of relapse in bipolar disorder and 3. CBT treatment effects are small in treatment studies of MDD. Berger (2013) also found that results of unblended random clinical trials tend to bias the beneficial effects if the random clinical trials were subjective instead of objective. All these findings call into question the effectiveness of CBT and their findings. However, CBT is something that should be further studied and implemented as it still an alternative therapy that can be utilized if no other treatment is proved effective for a particular disorder.


Berger, D. (n.d.). Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: Escape From the Binds of Tight Methodology. Psychiatric Times. Retrieved March 25, 2014, from

Phillips, K.A., & Rogers, J. (2011). Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Youth with Body Dysmorphic Disorder: Current Status and Future Directions. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 20(2), 287-304.

Roth, D.A., Eng, W., & Heimberg, R.G. (2002). Cognitive behavior therapy. In M. Hersen & W. Sledge (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Psychotherapy (pp. 451-458). Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Press [END OF PREVIEW]

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Cite This Research Paper:

APA Format

Methodology of CBT.  (2014, March 25).  Retrieved December 7, 2019, from

MLA Format

"Methodology of CBT."  25 March 2014.  Web.  7 December 2019. <>.

Chicago Format

"Methodology of CBT."  March 25, 2014.  Accessed December 7, 2019.