Micro-Organizational Behavior Research Paper

Pages: 5 (1405 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 5  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Leadership

Organizational Behavior

Micro-Organizational Behavior

The basis of all effective leadership is found in how leaders define the expectations, goals, vision, mission and values of an organization. The more effectively any leader can move from being only focused on an authoritarian or transactional role to a transformational one, the greater the agility and flexibility their teams have in attaining objectives (Ivancevich, Konopaske, Matteson, 2010). The intent of this analysis is to evaluate how the process of decision making and cooperation across small groups can be augmented and strengthened through the use of team leadership. Implicit in this study is the use of delegation and responsibility, and how these factors determine overall team effectiveness and accomplishment.

Micro-Organizational Behavior and the Management of Small Groups

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Greater time pressures, more costly development cycles, and the overall compression of time are together making small groups the most effective organizational unit in the 21st century (Ivancevich, Konopaske, Matteson, 2010). This is seen throughout the accelerated software development lifecycles that pervade social networking, e-commerce, and most recently, mobile application development (Zhang, Tremaine, Milewski, Fjermestad, Osullivan, 2012). The small team is the catalyst of many innovative new processes, product development and customer-driven initiatives within many of the Fortune 1,000 corporations of today as well (Ivancevich, Konopaske, Matteson, 2010). With so many valuable aspects of innovation and development aligned to the role of small teams, the decision-making and cooperating enabled by leaders within them is critical. In evaluating their best practices, it is useful to see how transformational leaders generate exceptional results using small teams to do what larger teams often can't (Muczyk, Reimann, 1987).

TOPIC: Research Paper on Micro-Organizational Behavior Assignment

Best practices in decision making and cooperation begin with leaders being able to clearly communicate a compelling vision and mission for their group, followed by an exceptional level of commitment on their part (Johnson, 1993). Of the many studies evaluated in this project, the one compelling and most significant trait is that of a team or group leader being "all in," completely committed to the success of their teams and regularly shows the willingness to make personal sacrifices for the overall team to move forward (Johnson, 1993) (Ivancevich, Konopaske, Matteson, 2010). Recent studies indicate that team members are especially vary and skeptical of leaders who rely more on their hierarchical or organizational power than their expert power, especially in highly competitive, intelligent-centric businesses like software development (Zhang, Tremaine, Milewski, Fjermestad, Osullivan, 2012). The bottom line is that a leader must earn respect by showing they are willing to readily sacrifice for the attainment of complex objectives, even willing to give up their own time and talent for the team to achieve its shared goals (Vroom, 2003). In studying the many aspects of effective leadership in small teams, the one compelling point that emerges is that those leaders who completely commit themselves to the shared objectives and show a willingness to sacrifice for them earn trust and credibility (Ivancevich, Konopaske, Matteson, 2010). Anything less is skeptical at best and considered ample reason to not to trust a leader at worst in these uncertain times (Ivancevich, Konopaske, Matteson, 2010). If a leader wants to be trusted, they must embrace the vision, mission and values of their team and show they are ready to sacrifice quickly and thoroughly for them.

A leader's influence and credibility will have dramatic positive effects on the decision making and cooperation of the team, providing it is anchored in the core foundational elements of transformational leadership. Decision making within smaller teams and from a micro-organizational standpoint will reflect the tendencies towards autocratic, democratic, participative, transactional or transformational in large part based on the leader's own strengths and weaknesses (Ivancevich, Konopaske, Matteson, 2010). This is why leaders who excel in micro-organizational structures have a very clear sense of how their behavior and decisions impact the rest of the group. In many studies included in this analysis, that is measured as the extent of Emotional Intelligence (EI) a leader has (Johnson, 1993) (Klein, Ziegert, Knight, Xiao, 2006) (Muczyk, Reimann, 1987).

Another best practice that leaders of small teams are using to get high levels of performance is providing subordinates with the opportunity to take ownership of one aspect of the team's role or direction. This creates… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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