Research Proposal: Mixed Research Solution to Help

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[. . .] Risk statistics supply the probability that the certain student is going to be classified under a particular domain or personality type inside his/her respective group. On the other hand, the aim of the composition statistics is to recognize and highlight the probability that the certain student inside a certain classification (as indicated in the risk analysis) - e.g., mentally retarded-- will be of a particular race or ethnicity. He claimed this confusion results in the regrettable stereotype that the large proportion of African-Americans have been in special education. This isn't the case, he asserts, as nearly all African-Americans have been in general education structure (Reschly, 2007).

In majority of the stats, the white and Asian schools, however, have managed to provide special education services that prove to be much more appropriate in recognizing the right kind of student type, their needs as well as how to fulfill them. Dr. Reschly contended this disparity makes up the main reason parents in a majority of the white and Asian nations push very strongly and positively that their kids to get special education, and conversely parents within the black and minority nations or masses take the whole situation difficultly i.e. have their kids enrolled and enlisted within the special education structures (Reschly, 2007).

Dr. Reschly further stated that lots of errors are created by the IEP commissions and committees to the same extent, no matter the racial and ethnic status. He says that this is mainly because of the subjective nature of a lot of the procedures that causes them to be susceptible to many errors (Reschly, 2007).

Chapter 3: Methodology

The study process

This section serves two main purposes; firstly it'll present the methodology used to handle this study; secondly, justifications for choosing this methodology will undoubtedly be given. This section is split into the next five subsections;

1. Data collection techniques;

2. Participants;

3. Procedure;

4. Instrumentation; and,

5. Data Analysis.

The goal of dividing the methodology section in to subsections would be to present problems and challenges that have to be addressed to ensure that this research becomes practical, feasible and effective at being completed. Moreover, by dividing this section in to subsections the overall aims of the research could be changed into a practical and investigative topic as described in the "research process onion" model introduced by Saunders et al. (2009, p. 83) (Figure 4).

FIGURE 1:

Research Proc

ess Onion (Saunders et al., 2009

Data Collection Techniques

The qualitative structure, as described by Bouma et al. (2009) in his study, is principally made to understand the faculties of a social setting as well the norms, beliefs, thoughts and axioms which exist within that social setting (Bouma et al., 2009). Saunders et al. (2009), within their study, highlight that the qualitative approach of the study allows the researcher to suppose a few of the more prevalent and informal links between the different facets. They further explain that the qualitative approach might help the researcher understand the circumstances in order to find the foundation of preferences, outlooks and judgments of the sample (Saunders et al., 2009).

Other researchers also have stated a few of the benefits of the qualitative type of research. Bouma et al. (2009) in his research explains that the researcher has got the flexibility to constantly evaluate and analyze the information that he or she has collected while he or she is collecting it and change or amend whatever he or she feels necessary throughout the process. Moreover, the researcher includes a closer connection with the sample/respondents and has the capacity to better comprehend their reasons and he has the opportunity to investigate deeper in to newer relevant problems that hadn't caught his/her attention before beginning the study process (Bouma et al., 2009).

Yin (2009) highlights that the significance of the qualitative format is even more for the newer social setups since the overall approaches, inclinations and decisions produced by institution can't merely be comprehended through quantitative or statistical data (Yin, 2009).

This paper and study also discusses the strategies and theories that were developed and confirmed by previous researches which were done with regards to the study topic. This is done to ensure that we are able to attain a definite pathway on which would be the most useful collection process and follow-up by having an efficient and thorough evaluation of the conclusions which will be made through the survey.

The standardized and exploratory format of interviews will undoubtedly be used as the main basis for collecting all of the necessary information required to achieve the aims of the research. All of the more information that'll be needed is going to be gathered by using the questionnaires. All previous researches have explained that the interview format was probably the best way if the researcher wanted to get step-by-step and profound information. Also, interviews are thought to obtain a fully guaranteed honest response whereas other styles of surveys are bound to get stale or low responses because of insufficient personalized interaction.

Easterby-Smith et al. (2011), within their study, also have supported the structured and semi-structured interview formats in three different research types are most efficient: 1) the study where in fact the possible assembling or judgment behind the question will vary from individual to individual, 2) the study type where in fact the nature of the question is open-ended or intricate and 3) the study type where there's a large array or group of questions (also see, Saunders et al., 2009).

Yin (2009) concludes that the main benefit of the interview format is that it allows focused interactions between the interviewer and the respondent and that it allows the researcher to concentrate chiefly on the categories and topics within the central topic. Likewise the interview format provides the researcher more sensitivity or intuition on the backdrop of the respondents and therefore helps for making more concrete suppositions which can't be achieved in virtually any other type of research method. The disadvantage, however, with the interview format is that it may be prejudiced in the manner that it's formatted or the answers of the respondents could be prejudicial. Also, there's a chance that respondents might be impelled to answer in a particular way by the researcher through the designing of his questions or the respondent will answer in the manner they think the researcher wants rather than obviously and honestly expression their standpoint. The entire imprecision of the information can also be a threat if the responses aren't recorded throughout the process and the researcher needs to recall the majority of the exchange (Yin, 2009).

Participants

This study will select a small sample size to handle both questionnaire and interviews. The reason being Saunders et al. (2009) reveals that the smaller sample size can be viewed as appropriate than the usual larger one when studying the context and back ground of a specific situation and/or phenomenon.

Since qualitative scientific tests mainly cope with the comprehension and knowledge of what happens in a specific setting, the study is definitely restricted to the character of sampling processes adopted (Bouma et al., 2009). Consistent with Saunders et al. (2009) the majority of the studies, within the context of social research, use non-probability sampling. The reason being non-probability sampling offers an array of techniques founded on subjective reasoning. In the context of the research, to be able to fulfill the objectives of the study and answer the study questions, the researcher will require a detailed exploration focusing primarily on a little sample size which is opted for purposively.

Consequently the study will utilize "purposive" or "judgmental" sampling technique that will permit the researcher to find the most suitable subjects which could most useful help in solving the study questions and aims of the study (Saunders et al., 2009). This sort of sampling, additionally, assists for making sure that the cases are diverse and high in information, and, consequently, the arrangement of the sample will undoubtedly be decided only after the researcher has entered the field. However, consistent with Saunders et al. (2009) the whole populace can't be regarded as a statistical representative of the sample.

Additionally, because the survey (both interviews and questionnaire) would have been a fundamental supply of the confirmation/verification which is required for accurately analyzing human affairs; they'll be recorded and comprehended with tremendous care and experienced respondents who are able to offer vital insights to the phenomenon is going to be of enormous value to the research. Moreover, the aims and objectives of the interviews and questionnaire is to provide a descriptive outline of what's "typical" in context of the increasing number of black males in the special education structures and it maybe not be definitive. Because of this the interviewees are going to be selected from distinctive cases in order to be good representatives of the occurrence being studied.

Considering the issues of pinpointing the relevant sample applicants for the research… [END OF PREVIEW]

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