Modern Era of Race and Ethnicity in American Baseball Research Paper

Pages: 5 (1567 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 3  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Sports

¶ … Era of Race and Ethnicity in American Baseball

Modern Era of Race and Ethnicity

Jackie Robinson has been known as one of the leading icons in the history of baseball, being the first African-American to play Major League Baseball. There was one dream that he set for the American baseball and that was to have the baseball team with the highest racial and ethnic diversity. Focusing on Jackie's dream, it is important that the modern baseball teams be given additional attention and focus, especially in relation to racial diversity. It was Jackie's dream that youngsters and individuals from all races and ethnicity participate in the American baseball at all levels; in the field from coaches to players and in the front desk positions. In these cases, the Major League Baseball has played most important roles as it has tried its best to maintain the highest ratio of diversity in the teams. There has been a great increase in the diversity of the workforce of League offices, managers as well as the baseball coaches (Elias, 2001, p. 67).

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There have been many reports and studied on the racial and ethnic diversity in the American baseball teams. One of the reports, "The Major League Baseball Racial report" released in 2012 has highlighted some important facts. As compared to the racial diversity seen in American baseball in the past, there has been a reduction of ethnic and racial diversity in the modern American baseball teams. The recent drop reported in relation to the racial diversity is from 92% to 90%. The score of the American Baseball in relation to the ethnic diversity was 85% in 2011, which dropped to 82% in 2012 (Rader, 2008, p. 15).

Research Paper on Modern Era of Race and Ethnicity in American Baseball Assignment

The authorities have reported that in the recent years, there has been a great increase in the number of players in the teams. Still there is a great concern in relation to the number and percentage of players from various ethnicities in the team. The reports have mentioned the drop in the colored players between 2011 and 2012. In the season of 2012, the percentage dropped from 8.8% to 8.5%. This reduction has remained one of the main concerns of the African-American community as well as the authorities of the American baseball (Kirsch, Harris, and Nolte, 2000, p. 45).

One of the main facts that need to be highlighted here is that more than 38% of the American baseball teams in the modern era are composed of Latino players, which make the teams, and the fields look more American. During the 2012 season, more than 27% of the players in the team are Latinos (Rader, 2008, p. 66).

There has been a small increase in the people of color in the American baseball, in the fields of coaches, senior vice presidents, official staff and senior professional staff. The Institute has conducted studies and analysis for Diversity and Ethics in Sport in 2012 on the racial and ethnic diversity of the players in American baseball. The report has highlighted that in the beginning of the 2012 season, the percentage of players belonging to different ethnicities and races was 38.2%. The analysis of the breakdown of the opening day rosters has shown that there were more than 61% white people, 27% Latino players, 8% African-American players, 2% Asians, 0.1% pacific islanders or Native Americans. In the beginning of the 2012 season, the increase in the percentage of the African-American players reached to more than 8.8%. This percentage was 8.5% in the season of 2011. Since the year 2007, this is the lowest percentage of African-Americans in American baseball. In comparison to the percentage of the African-American players in the American baseball, there has been an increase in the Latino players in the teams. Between the year 2011 and 2012, the Latino players' percentage increased from 27% to 27.3%. In the case of the Asian players, a slight decrease has been noticed. The percentage of the Asian players in the American baseball has decreased from 2.1% in 2011 to 1.9% in 2012 (Elias, 2001, p. 77).

One of the main facts that need to be mentioned here is that the percentage of the white players in the American b baseball has remained consistent since 1997. The percentage has remained steady between 58% and 61% since 1997, reaching the highest 64% in 2004.

Source: http://nbcsportsmedia4.msnbc.com/j/NBCSports/Sections/Baseball/aa_PROJECTS/aa_2011_Latin_project/CHART_Racial_breakdown_in_MLB.aim640.jpg

Thereby there has been a great concern in relation to the increase in the Latin players in American baseball. One of the main facts mentioned in these cases is that there has been a great increase in the influx of the immigrants in the U.S., which has been one of the reasons of an increase in the Latino players in American baseball. This is the reason based on which there has been a shift in the demographics of American baseball in the last 20 years. There has been a great increase in the Latino influence on the American baseball in the last two decades. Since 1990, from 19%, the percentage of the Latin players in the American baseball has increased to more than 30% in 2006. Some of the major baseball players in the America baseball have been produced in Cuba, which include Rafael Alameda and Armando Marsans belonging to Cincinnati Reds in 1911. This is 36 years before Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier (Kirsch, Harris, and Nolte, 2000, p. 59).

The U.S. Census Bureau has studied this large influence of the Latinos on the American baseball and one of the main reasons given is a large influx of the Hispanics and Latinos in the U.S. According to the reports by the U.S. Census Bureau, there has been a 43% increase in the influx of the Hispanics and Latinos in the American population between 2000 and 2010 (Rader, 2008, p. 78).

In relation to the ethnic and racial diversity, one of the most important components is the presence of international players in the American baseball. The reports have shown that in the opening season of 2012, more than 28% of the players were international belonging to more than 15 countries. The percentage of the international players was 27% in the 2011 season.

With respect to color and racial ethnicity, this is the first time in history of American baseball that there are two professional teams having managers of different ethnicities and races. An important example is that of an African-American, Magic Johnson, and manager of Los Angeles Dodgers. There were five managers of the professional American baseball teams that belonged to different ethnicities and races (Kirsch, Harris, and Nolte, 2000, p. 60).

In the case of Asian players, it has been known that they started playing in the 1990s and continued doing so until the 2000s. However, the graph of participation of the Asians in the American baseball decreased during the 21st century (Elias, 2001, p. 22).

One of the other main concerns in the case of racial and ethnic diversity is the presence of Hispanics in the American baseball. There is no doubt about the fact that each year, thousands of college students enter minor leagues of American baseball where most of the students find the right spots to play. Still the level and percentage of minorities in the American baseball are lowest. The graph of the racial diversity in the American baseball is falling day by day, which also counts to a great reduction in the reduction of socioeconomic diversity of the major league (Kirsch, Harris, and Nolte, 2000, p. 65).

A recent study was carried out by the U.S. Sports Academy on the contribution of black players in the major leagues. It was found out that only 4.5% of the students from the black colleges contributed and participated in the major league baseball. Thereby it is a fact that the… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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